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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956
File 016
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956 - File 016. 1956-06. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. December 3, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/139/show/85.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-06). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956 - File 016. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/139/show/85

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956 - File 016, 1956-06, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed December 3, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/139/show/85.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date June 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 016
Transcript Emperor's clothes — if the photograph should turn out to be as spurious as the Emperor's garments. We cannot find evidence that any modern artist had anv thing to do with the frame and blank canvas she reproduces. The article's objection to distortion leaves the leader with the impression that distortion is a device invented by modem artists. This is, of course, not true. Artists of all times have used distortion to express their ideas or to create balance of color, line and space. Many of the paintings and sculptures of the Middle Ages anel the baroque period would have to be disqualified as works of art if an exact rendering of nature were to be considered important in judging all phases of art. Such a basis of judgment would, of course, also disqualify most of the arts of the great civilizations Outside our own. DISTORTION NOT THE INVENTION OF MODERN ART To accuse modern artists of dishonesty because they employ distortion or do not paint in a representational stv It- is hast) judgment to say the least. The literature of the beginning of modern art is so rich and accessible that it is easy for anyone interested to trace in it the honest fight for individual expression and the sincerity of those who led and continued the movement. There are, and always were, artists who adopt a style- after it has become fashionable or remunerative, but to decry an entire art movement because it attracts some opportunistic gatecrashers is to condemn any successful movement. Leaders of modern art have suffered public contempt and many of them, such as Matisse and Picasso, have live-el for years in poverty rather than adopt a more conservative style which would have greatly helped their sales. Miss Pels' second accusation, that Page 14 modern art is a tool of communism used to attack the foundations of democratic society and religion, is a very serious one and needs to be considered in the light of evidence. Ever since the Communist party leadership has concerned itself seriously with art, modern art has been officially declared to be anathema to Communist society. The Communist leadership used terms like degenerate, capitalistic, perverted, petit-bourgeois. Modern painting was, and still is, banned in Russia ami her satellites as can easily be established by glancing at the art magazines of those countries and by reading the statements mack- Distortion was used by old masters as a means of expressing deep religious emotion, as can be seen in these three heads ot Christ on the Cross taken from great crucifixions of the twelfth, thirteenth, and sixteenth centuries. about art by Communist officials. The attacks on modern art by Communist spokesmen, both inside and outside the Soviet Union, have been remark ably consistent and have been echoed again and again by party organs behind the Iron Curtain and in other countries, including the United States. For example, the official magazine Voks, published for Soviet cultural propaganda abroad, calls Picasso's pictures "morbid, . . . revolting . . . an esthetic apology for capitalism." Socialist Realism is the official name for the kind eif art the Communists approve. Communist art must be Socialist in subject and very realistic in style. The Communist attitude towards modern art was summed up in I'rtnda, the official newspaper of the Communist party, USSR: It cannot he- tolerated that side by side with Socialist Realism we- still have a co- eiirre-nt represented hy the Worshippers "I bourgeois decadent art who regard as their spiritual teachers Picasso anel Matisse, cubists and artists of the formalist school. And in this country, a Communist- front publication, Masses and Main stream, said: Today an increasing number of artists and intellectuals moved not only hy the strong currents coming from the realistic art of the Soviet Union and the people* democracies, hut by their own struggle* against fascism, are- looking critically d this false and empty "modernism," break* ing the manacles it had fastened upon their power to investigate and understand the real world about them. The distinguished American paintf- Ben Shahn, who himself has bee» accused of Communist sympathy offers epiite another opinion or Sovm art. He says: Neither the formulae of Commissars nor inducements of honor, nor pretention' awards have yet succeeded in breathinJJ life into Soviet art. Its deadly processto*! of overdrawn generals and over-idealrzj* proletarians bears sharp testimony to tn(. tart that tlie-re- is no conviction in artist* liearts and that the search for truth n* been stalled. A recent dispatch from Mosco* indicating that paintings by Fie'11' Impressionists in tbe Soviet ceil'1'1 tions are now made accessible to *" public in a temporary exhibitioi not indicate any substantial chai the official party line. It does pert* the Russian public to see some- forerunners of modern art, who \ Western standards are now cons'' ered classics, but it carefully quali^ nation, > rect, bu: Matemei misleaeli quotes \ °an Con There '".it .nl Not onlj Potent o, "llltionar "e 111,- ii °n anel 1 and used '"g reilinj cOMMUI OF .What foster C1 *e adje shows th L°rnmmi «th Soc «ally rec I style v Ss in "rismak |f Reali Painstaki course, ; Sinda. Tl *eV con.. "r-ietv , hep • . nl SOcl Panned i Sists c K th F«We IS anv four. St. s°c kjSlmpl Rkrshi] SiVti this permission by stating that theL tines are shown for their hist°^ value. There is, unfortunately, n0A dence that this step indie ales a i' nition of freedom for the eon'1''1 rary artist in Russia. pi The implications in Mb* J article that the Communist lcach'1^ while banning modern art in &° ft nist countries, is encouraging it v~jk countries as a means of subv1 I lite socictv arc also entire'? 1 grounded. When Miss Pels asser*^ art is regarded by Communists J eapon in their light for world l weapon Facts Forum News, /'""' mon art as ,„■ ;vit,,, 1, Pfove b]y '•«- »Drj e a« 'li '"'"'le K^ved ;y, v hVol Lf»r Olv S1 ofj RHal ::mi,-!m""' fe vb 8 Fo
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