The Communist Party and the Trade Union Unity League
call for persistent and repeated mass violations of injunctions
as the only way to compel the courts to limit the use of the
injunction weapon against the workers. A campaign of mass
violation was begun in New York City in October, 1930 ° * °
Clashes with the police are encouraged, as exemplified
bv tbe following account from the Daily Worker of May
31, 1937, pages 1 and 3:
Chicago police kill four pickets, one hundred wounded at
Republic Steel. * • • Chicago Communist Party urges city-
wide protest denouncing the blood bath at Republic Steel
plant as one of the worst police outrages in recent history.
Morris Childs, secretary of the Communist Party, called all
workers to join ° ° ° in citywide protest.
6. Labor has learned to voice its demands through its
chosen leaders. Employers and government officials endeavor to establish stability in industry through negotiations with these officials. But William Z. Foster, in the
name of the CPUSA, has sworn undying enmity toward
these labor leaders in the following explicit terms:
They are enemies within the gates of the working class
and must be treated as such. They head the labor movement
only in order to behead it. They are a menace and an obstacle
to all struggle by the workers. * ° * They must be politically
obliterated (ibid., p. 256).
7. Although labor organizations in the United States
have fraternal ties with foreign labor groups, they do not
operate under foreign discipline. Communists do not possess such freedom. This has been demonstrated by William
Z. Foster in his description of the Trade Union Unity
League (TUUL), at one time the labor auxiliary of the
The TUUL is the American section of the Red International of Labor Unions. "'Its relations towards the Coin-
itiunist Party are those of mutual support and cooperation in
the struggle * • • (ibid., p. 158).
The 1931 Labor Fact Book points out that "the Red
International of Labor Unions was organized in July, 1921,
at a Moscow congress * * "" and that this international
body aims "To coordinate and regulate the struggle of the
working class in all countries * ° °" (p. 212). As a result
there have been cases of international coordination of
strikes and organization of Communist-led unions in the
copper, maritime, sugar, and other industries.
In 1945 the World Federation of Trade Unions
(WFTU) was organized with the Communists in control,
replacing the Red International of Labor Unions. In his
book, The History of the Communist Party of the United
States, William Z. Foster points out that —
The powerful unifying tendency of the WFTU was also
felt in the United States (p. 477).
and that the Communists supported this movement. It vv as
repudiated as Communist-dominated by both the AFL
and CIO. Foster adds:
The Communists also have always been indefatigable
workers for trade union unity. ° ° * They have ever sought
to link up the labor movement of the United States with that
of other countries. In late years this has meant active backing
of such organizations as the Latin American Confederation of
Labor and the World Federation of Trade Unions (p. 561).
Communist unions have, however, made no formal or
open affiliation with the WFTU.
American labor has based its demands purely on the
basis of its economic and social needs with due consideration to national emergencies during wartime. Flowing
from their international ties and discipline, Communist-
dominated unions and labor groups have adapted their
policies strictly to the exigencies and need of Soviet
diplomacy and interests. During the period of the Stalin-
Hitler Pact from 1939 to 1941, strikes were encouraged by
Communist-dominated unions in vital waT industries. As
soon as Russia became an ally after Hitler's attack, a no-
strike policy was adopted by Communist-dominated
unions. Labor Fact Book 7 praised the no-strike policy of
our national trade unions during this period (p. 112).
After the end of World War II, the Soviet Union re-
adopted its policy of hostility toward the United States,
and Communist unions in the United States reinvoked a
vigorous prostrike policy.
8. Members of Communist-dominated unions have
testified that the finances of these organizations are frequently siphoned off for Communist causes, front organizations, campaigns, and publications. Communist officials
are placed on the union payroll. Union services are placed
in the hands of Communist lawyers, accountants, printers,
mimeographers, and meeting-hall managers.
Unions expelled by the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1950 because they were held to be directed
toward the achievement of the program and purposes oj
the Communist Party: United Office and Professional
Workers of America; Food, Tobacco, Agricultural and
Allied Workers of America; International Union of Marin''
Cooks and Stewards; American Communications Association; United Furniture Workers of America; Internationa'
Fur and Leather Workers Union; International Longshore!
men's and Warehousemen's Union; International Union "'
Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers; United Public Worked
of America; United Electrical, Radio and Machine Wort
ers of America.
In issuing this handbook for Americans showing the
operations of the Communist Party, USA. the Senate I"'
ternal Security Subcommittee hopes to help alert I'1
American people to the real nature of the enemy in "ll
midst and the insidious character of the methods eif
ployed. The principles set down are intended as a gtfl
rather than a set of hard and fast rules to be mechanic"'-
applied. We must realize that we are dealing with a rnOv*j
ment which is constantly fluid, constantly varied a"
elusive. There can be no artificial substitute for constfl
intelligence and alertness.
■ he complete handbook on the
Communist Party, U.S.A. is now available in booklet form, complete with illustrations. Place your
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