peace offensive after World War II: American Peace
Appeal, American Peace Crusade, American People's
Congress and Exposition for Peace, -American Students
Repudiate Aggression in Korea, American Youth Peace
Crusade, East Harlem Women for Peace, Young People's
General Assembly for Peace, Committee for Peaceful
Alternatives, Maryland Committee for Peace, Minute
Women for Peace, Irving Peace Theater, National Assembly Against UMT, Mid-Century Conference for Peace,
National Delegates Assembly for Peace, National Committee to Win the Peace, New York Peace Institute, Peace
Information Center, Veterans for Peace, World Peace Congress, etc. New names are constantly cropping up.
2. The names of prominent citizens who have been
duped into the organization who are usually inactive and
unaware of what is going on, will be cited as proof of the
3. Individuals who expose the character of Communist
fronts will be threatened with libel suits, smears, physical
assault, blackmail, and ouster from official positions. Legal
advice is always valuable as a safeguard.
4. The organization will claim a membership which
cannot be accurately verified.
5. Communist fronts, when identified as such, will
immediately and vigorously deny the charge.
6. A favorite device is to arrange for the defense of the
particular front by a non-Communist publication. For example, when the Southern Conference for Human Welfare
was exposed as a front by the House Committee on Un-
American Activities, it was defended in the Harvard Laic
Review by Walter Gellhorn, of Columbia Law School.
7. Ofttimes, after a Communist front has been successfully launched by a provisional committee, a new committee will be substituted to conceal the origin of the
8. A favorite Communist gambit is the claim that since
an individual belonged to a given front organization prior
to its citation as such by the Attorney General, the individual should not be held responsible. This asks us to
ignore the fact that a front organization is by definition
subversive and, except in the very few cases where organizations originally formed by non-Communist forces were
taken over by the Communists thereafter, all front organizations were subversive from their inception. The important date is not when the organization was cited, for its
subversive character does not date from the day of its
listing by the Attorney General.
9. Recently there has developed a tendency to decry
references to defunct organizations. This is unrealistic
because the fact of membership in an organization which
was subversive loses none of its evidentiary value when
the organization goes out of existence. No information
about a live and active conspirator should be considered
as dead or irrelevant. (It should be pointed out in this
connection that in the early 1940s Alger Hiss was listed
in congressional files as a member of the national committee of the defunct International Juridical Association.
There were no other front associations for this man at
the time. This Communist link was ignored bv tlie State
Department and Alger Hiss was left to conduct his nefarious activities until 1948 when Whittaker Chambers appeared on the witness stand.)
Within thi-. Labob Movement
The CPUSA is the only path which coordinates its
activity in the political field with its activity in the trade
Marcel Scherer, who
has been described
as "one of the oldest
and most trusted
members of the Communist Party," and
identified in sworn
testimony as a former student at the
Lenin School in Moscow, wos indicted by
the House Un-
Committee in 1950
for contempt of Congress in refusing to
WIDE wo,,,.,' PHOT'
tn \ s
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unions. In other words, while political parties place tin''
reliance upon voting strength, the CPUSA seeks supp<"
in the field of industry through the trade unions. Evel
base established by the Communists in our unions is '
fact a Soviet bridgehead within our own economy. A stH
organized by a small Communist minority in a vital indu!
try can have a more far-reaching effect than a vote of tp
majority of the population. In his book. Toward Som
America, William Z. Foster has frankly set down some'
the principles which guide tlie CPUSA in this process'
penetration of American labor.
1. "Its principle is to make every shop a fortress I
communism" (p. 254). This aim must be kept in mind'
sharp contrast with that of the average American tra^
unionist whose primary desire is better wages and wo*'
2. "It concentrates its work upon the heavy industt* '"id ,, l(l
and those of a war character" (ibid.). In its magazij* jwchitee
The Communist, for February, 1934, the CPUSA, quot"
a decision of the Executive Committee of the CoiumuO
International, outlines what such concentration entail''1
Communists must ° ° ° concentrate their forces in each
country, at the vital parts of the icnr machine ol imperialist
000 Communist Parties st by all means in their p,,wi'r
ensure the practical organization of mass action (increasing
the work among railwav nicn, seamen and harbor workers.
preventing the shipping of arms and troops, hindering the
execution of orders for belligerent countries ° " ° ) ° °
During the period of the Stalin-Hitler Pact, the OA
munists carried out these mandates by fomenting str' ,
through unions under their control in North Aim''11'.
Aviation of California; the Allis-Chalmers of Wisci"1'
engaged in important manufacturing equipment for .
Navy and in various arms and ammunition plants in ^
noetic ut. During the Korean war, the International cl1""
nl Mine, Mill ancl Smelter Workers, also Communist '',
trolled, conducted a strike which tied up the major 1
of the copper industry.
3. Joseph Zack Kornfeder (known in the ConiM1"'
Partv as Joseph Zack), former national trade-union
tary of the CPUSA, has testified before the House
mittee on Un-American Activities on September 30, *
Mn. W'un i i;v. Docs the Communist Party use its conflfl
tions with the trade unions ol the various industries for tn
purpose ot carrying on espionage activities? ° ° °
Mu. Z\, k. The Soviet Government will utilize its \m''r
can organization tor whatever purpose thev find convent*
I'm is Forum News, June,
S I ,