the A uteri-
lims to lair
vvs can be
lors of the
irty. • ' '
t up some
lat, if that
;>o busy to
cr. a sulfite sviiip:'"
•e and t"e
with a P*
World Peace Congress
World Federation of Scientific Workers
international Organization of Democratic Journalists
International Association of Democratic Lawyers
These operate in close harmony with the Communist-domi-
aated World Federation of Trade Unions.
Since Communist fronts have a way of changing names
from time to time and from place to place, no specified
"^ can serve as a permanent safeguard to insure their
detection. Safety from their machinations can be guaranteed only through ceaseless vigilance and detailed knowl-
Wge. We. therefore, present for the guidance of the Amer-
'Ciln people certain criteria which will be useful in spotting a Communist front.
1. Since Communist fronts must start with a working
"Ucleus of Party members or reliable sympathizers, and
Once the Partv depends lor its continued control of these
Organizations upon this nucleus, the presence of certain
Dames frequently found as sponsors and officials is often
5 Rood clue. We present herewith a list of the most active
and typical sponsors of Communist fronts in the past:
List of Most Typical Sponsors ok Front Organizations
Adams, Josephine Truslow
"arsU. Edward K.
Bass, Mrs, Chariot!.,
Burgum, Edwin Berry
Dan, John W.
"uliois. W. E. B.
Dunn, Robert W.
Emerson, Thomas I.
'''••irdnld. Henry Pratt
Jl'-udley. Charles J.
"'■ton. Alpheus W.
We, Ji is
Kenny, Robert W.
**gsbury, lobn A.
,'lxvs"ii. |,,lin Howard
'"*'tt, Robert Morss
""ther, Kirtley F.
McAvoy, Clifford I
McManus, |ohn T.
Mc.Micliael, Jack R.
Miller. Clyde R.
Patterson, William L,
Penny-packer, Anna M. W.
Pope. Arthur Cphaiu
Reynolds, Bertha G.
Schuman, Frederick L.
Shapley, I larlow
Shipler, Guy Emery
Shumlin, I lennan
Spofford. William B.
Stern, Bemhard J.
Stewart, I >onald Ogden
Stewart. Maxwell S.
St, I. F.
Stover. Lied W.
Struik, Dirk J.
Thompson, John B,
Trachtenberg. Ale vain lei
Van Klceck, Mary
Ward. Harry F.
Warn, . Colston E.
Wilkerson. Doxey A.
. , the organization receive publicity and promo-
I) '" such Communist publications as the Daily Worker,
y People's World. Masses and Mainstream?
t f^Oes the organization hold meetings in halls or
E " nave its offices in premises ordinarily used by
L ls literature of the Communist Partv and other front
ii,,7 '"-'•itiiins to be fi d at headquarters and at meet-
4 ''s Forum News, Ju
5. Are speakers and entertainers employed who are
frequently associated with other Communist fronts or with
the Communist Party or its press?
6. Are facilities used in common with the Communist
Partv or its front organizations (printers — see printer's
union label, mimeograph services, addressing, stationers,
picnic grounds, accountants, real-estate agents, doctors,
lawyers, artists, promotion agents, public-relations counselors, radio commentators, etc.). Accountants especially
can be instrumental in enabling the Communist Party to
keep careful track of the organization's finances and activities.
7. Great care should be taken in determining the character of those who actually run the organization, ignoring
such figureheads as the honorary chairman. What is the
loyalty record of the executive secretary, of resident and
functioning members ol the executive committee, members
of the stall, the organization secretary, educational director, editor, etc.?
8. Does the organization, and especially its official
organ, follow the Communist Party line on issues and campaigns publicized in the Daily Worker? Does it invariably
support and defend the Soviet Union? Does it adhere to
its avowed purpose or inject issues of the above character?
9. Does the organization cooperate with other fronts
and with the Communist Party in election campaigns. May
Day parades, peace campaigns, petitions, tag days, and
other projects promoted in the Daily Worker?
10. Does the organization cooperate with Communist-
11. Does the organization furnish direct or indirect
revenue to the Communist Parry, its publications, its
fronts or establishments through orders for printing, sta-
(ionerv, advertisements, donations, and services of various
12. Is the organization repudiated as Communist-controlled by such outstanding organizations as the American
Federation of Labor, the American Legion, or its own former constituents? What is its history? How long has it
13. Does it furnish regular financial statements issued
by well-known and reliable public accounts?
14. Is the organization actually controlled by its membership or by an outside Communist clique or group?
15. Does it interchange mailing lists with the Communist Party, its front organizations, or its publications?
It would be well for alert Americans to be aware of
the tricks employed by Communist fronts when faced with
the threat of exposure or prosecution. We list some of
these which have previously been employed:
1. After lengthy and arduous investigation, the front
will suddenly change its name so that the job will have to
be done all over again. Front organizations change their
nanus from time to time and are variously labeled in
different cities and neighborhoods. Sometimes fronts will
merge to avoid exposure or prosecution. At times they
have been known to assume a name similar to some well-
known and respectable organization.'An example is the
Methodist Federation for Social Action which has no official connection with the Methodist Church. Another i.s the
now defunct A. F. of L. trade-union committee for unemployment insurance which was forced to desist from using
this name as the result of an order secured by the American Federation of Labor before the Federal Trade Commission. By way of illustrating the various guises assumed,
the following Communist fronts were active in the recent