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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956 - File 053. 1956-06. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. January 27, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/139/show/122.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-06). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956 - File 053. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/139/show/122

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956 - File 053, 1956-06, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed January 27, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/139/show/122.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date June 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 053
Transcript capitalism] >). Inhisoj makes hi* rtrooin" n" ,n trial exp" tlie court* 11 oppress! lists bad ' tics, the p* ie question , historically v Eolence, I in a icvol"' .lace it wit)' olumn, 0> of Indcp' nil Woo* i (pp.18,1' i the letter mnist \M following1 get UP, 4 ective jurll'j Se social ii'1" rati, the 0* . criiniin1 s which " hlet reftj forged tA ' tlie in* reliance al I" inn employed only for instruction and technical defenses," the defendant reserving for himself the right to present "the class issues." William L. Patterson, former national secretary of the International Labor Defense and presently executive secretary of the Civil Rights Congress, has written an illuminating article entitled "The International Labor Defense and Courtroom Technicians," for the Labor Defender of Hay, 1933, official ILD organ. The tactics laid down then ""'iii a pattern for those followed in all recent Communist rr'als. The instructions laid down by this well-known pornmunist are most explicit: The class struggle begun on the streets or in the shop is earned into tl,,- courtroom. ° " ° Many of the friends and even members of the ILD have seriously questioned its methods. ° ° ° International Labor Defense lawyers arc engaged to serve it chiefly on the basis of their ability as "courtroom technicians." A lawyer has to concern himself only with the juridical aspects of the case, lie is not asked to engage in the political defense of the accused, but his legal defense of the accused, because of the nature of the cases the ILD is engaged ill, becomes at once political * • °. The ILD believes that onlv mass pressure can bring about the release of a class war prisoner; that pressure must he Supplemented by legal defense. The legal defense must lie of the most expert character. Every legal technicality must he "sed. The more far-reaching the knowledge of the lawyer retained by the ILD. the more easily and effectively can the Work,', !„■ shown that the guaranties of justice extended him by the ruling class are meaningless. Communist' Front Organizations Communists speaking openly in the name of the Com- rjtmist Party and frankly as disciplined agents of the ,>V|i't I nion could make verv little progress in winning ""Verts in the United States. Wherever and whenever "'V have secured power in anv country, it has been the . s"'t of a calculated policy of deception. One of the most Important instruments of Communist deception is the r "", organization. Without the aid of ifs numerous front ■ ionizations, the Conununist Partv would be an isolated, t'|ls'"iiifii.int sect. With the aid of its network of fronts, , '' Communist Partv can and docs exercise influence far "111 r ,. '" proportion (o ifs actual membership. It is in a posi- " to establish contacts not otherwise available. .A (.'oniniunist front organization may be broadly de- (. "'<! as an organization formed at the initiative of the mniunist Partv of the United States or another country !,rti„. in '' Communist International (Cominform) and operat- jP Under Communist instruction lor the accomplishment 'in,. "'ir or more current aims.'1 The actual aim of the Com- i, llls| front is not openly stated but is concealed behind u 8h-sounding and attractive reform objective. In excep iiii'1'.' cases ''k(' ''"' American Youth Congress the Com- ,"s,s have taken over an organization originally organ- S In """in non-Communists and have transformed it into a "iiinisi front. A front can be local, national, or inter- ' !°'"t! in its scope. ,l(' building ol front organizations has been laid down ective by Otto fvuusinen, secretary of the lor all (.'oniniunist parlies in the ing words uttered at the Sixth Plenum of the Execu te" Primary d (...[""ninist International, V"1", 'J,il Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950 deicribea '!„■ C ,,,,,isi- ,,'"!„,;-' «»li is follows i,, Sec. 3(4) (p. 1), "Tbe term 'Coi nisl-fronl Rv",,.'. "'" rneans an) organization ,,, the United si.it, s (other ll,.,,, " Con i- ;,s defined in paragraph (■'!) of tliis lection) which dominated, or controlled b) ■' Communist-action ily operated tor lite purpose ol niunu ;,,,l and . ...lion organization, a Communist foreign government, "Id Communist movement referred to ,',, Sec. 2 ut this title-'' K. Ileal II" . ,, 1 i "' "TOini/jition as ,1c: 1 t.deP' C"'i/, ' "l,l,IK directed, i be to" , „>,„;"'"". and ,11) is ,„,„„ ,.f "sbnll' "><■ „ " l Communist-action '"» sn" I I Communist movel vs. June,1 ls Fori v, News, June. 1956 five Committee of the Communist International held in Moscow: The first part of our task is to build up, not only Conununist organizations, but other organizations as well, above all mass organizations, sympathizing with our aims, and able to aid us for special purposes. * " * We must create a whole solar system of organizations and smaller committees working actually under the influence of our Party [Communist (magazine), May, 1931, pp. 409-423]. The real purposes of the Communists in building a front organization are never those which are publicly slated to attract adherents. The actual objectives which we cite herewith, may be varied and may overlap in the case of any given organization. 1. As part of Soviet psychological warfare against the United States, Communist fronts seek to paralyze America's will to resist Communist aggression by idealizing Russia's aims and methods, discrediting the United States. Spreading defeatism and demoralization. At the present historical juncture in world affairs, all Communist fronts serve this primary purpose. Specializing in this field, however, there have been such organizations as the American Peace Crusade, the Committee for Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Pact, the Congress of American Women, the American Youth for Democracy, and the Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy. 2. Certain organizations specialize in pro-Soviet propaganda such as the magazine New World Review (formerly Soviet Russia Today), the National Council of American Snv iit Friendship and the American Russian Institute. 3. Where the Communist message cannot be carried mosf effectively by the Communist Party among particular groups in the population, special fronts arc formed for the purpose, such as American Youth for Democracy, Labor Youth League, Congress of American Women, the National Negro Labor Council. International Workers Order (foreign-born groups), American Committee tor Protection of Foreign Born, and the various foreign-language papers of the Communist Party. 4. Sometimes fronts are used to appeal to special occupational groups still with the same broad general purposes in mind including, by way of example, the National Law- virs Guild, the National Council of the Arts, Sciences, and Professions, the Photo League, and Farm Research. 5. To defend the cases of Communist lawbreakers, fronts have been devised making special appeals in behalf ol civ il liberties and reaching out far beyond the confines ol Ihe Communist Partv itself. Among these organizations arc the Civil Rights Congress: Emergency Civil Liberties Committee; National Committee to Repeal the McCarran Act: Trade Union Committee for the Repeal of the Smith \cf: National Committee to Secure Justice in the Rosenberg Case; Bridges, Robertson, Schmidt Defense Committee; Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee; the National Law vers Guild; Spanish Refugee Appeal: and the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born. When the ('oniniunist Partv- itself is under fire these fronts oiler a bulwark of protection. 6. Communist dissimulation extends into the field of political parties forming political front organizations such as the Progressive Party and the American Labor Partv-. Tin' Communists arc thus enabled to present their candidates for elective office under other than a straight Communis! label. 7. With an eye to religious groups, the Communists have formed religious fronts such as the Methodist Fedcr- Page 51
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