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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956 - File 052. 1956-06. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 29, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/139/show/121.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-06). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956 - File 052. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/139/show/121

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956 - File 052, 1956-06, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 29, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/139/show/121.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date June 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 052
Transcript so with the Communists. They have other aims of a propaganda nature described by Mr. Buchner: A Communist must utilize a political trial to help on the revolutionary struggle. Our tactics in the public proceedings of the law court are not tactics of defense hut of attack. Without clinging to legal formalities, the Communist must use the trial as a means of bringing his indictment against the dominant capitalist regime and of courageously voicing the views of his Party. A study of the trial of the "first string" Communist leaders and the tactics employed by the defense will disclose that these were primarily the tactics employed, which resulted in the citation of defense lawyers for contempt. It was the motivating factor in the selection of Eugene Dennis, general secretary of the Party, to defend himself despite his lack of legal training. It is sometimes assumed that lawyers defending Communist cases are just like any other lawyers who take cases as a matter of business and who are not to be held responsible for the views of their clients. But Mr. Buchner makes it clear that lawyers in Communist cases belong in a different category. "The aid of such barristers," he declares, "as deprecate the importance and the function of the Partv in their pleading, must be decisively rejected" (p. 52). The International Labor Defense, described by Attorney General Biddle as the 'legal arm of the Communist Party," and now functioning as the Civil Flights Congress, published a pamphlet some years ago entitled Under Arrest! How to Defend Yourself in Court! What to Do When Arrested and Questioned! which gives additional pointers which are recommended for study in special classes organized for the purpose. Introducing this pamphlet, Helen Stasova, international secretary of the International Labor Defense (International Red Aid), with headquarters in Moscow, declared. "We must give directions to the workers on how to defend themselves." Symbolic of their distrust of the dignity and sanctity of our courts, the Communists do not rely upon legal defense. Believing that the courts are primarily instruments of the ruling class, the Communists rely primarily upon mass action to terrorize the courts to act in behalf of their defendants. Thus the pamphlet boasts that — The principal work of the International Labor Defense consists in arousing the widest mass protests, as the chief effective method with which to wrest the working class militants from the bosses' clutches (p. 6). In accordance with this practice, mass picket lines were conducted around the Federal Court Building during the trial of the eleven Communist leaders in 1919. According to this approach, the policeman "is a servant of the boss class. ° * * He is your enemy." Hence the instruction for dealing with him or his superiors: 9 c * you shall not give the names of your fellow workers, the names of organizations that you belong to. ° ' " And if von are a foreign-born worker, no information of any sort, of the date you landed, the name of the boat, etc. Cive your name. That is all. You should not even furnish an address (p.9). If charged with assaulting a policeman, the defendant is advised not to deny the act but to assert "vour right to defend yourself" (p.16). "Have no faith in fake promises of the cops or district attorney," is a warning issued by this pamphlet (p. 11). Defendants are urged to demand a jury trial so as to "have much more opportunity to raise class issues" (p. 13). The key to the defiant attitude of a Communist in the Page 50 employ, jfefend; class iss Will 'Menial fetary i) hating . and (.„ May, ie form a ] Wals. 1 Com mu Tl„. c ried ii Man) Ously Defen of the A aspect defens occam oec Th tile re supple tl',' m, lived. retain, Workei hy tlie Eleven top leaders of CPUSA, convicted under the Smith Act in 1949 on the charge of teaching and advocating overthrow of our government by force and violence, and since released upon completion of sentences. Front row, II to r) Robert Thompson, Henry Winston, Eugene Den- won: world I'lior* nis, Gus Hall, and John Williamson; rear, Jacob Stachel, Irving Potfl*1 Carl Winter, Benjamin Davis, John Gates and Gilbert Green. Judge Har* R. Medina, lower right inset, conducted this trial. courts lies in the precept laid down to "make capitalism' defendant, and yourself the prosecutor" (p. 16). In his o* eyes and those of his associates, his defiance makes liii" hero of the class war. Thus "the capitalist courtroom" rr" Comi be used "as a forum from which the workers on trial exp" "lunist before their fellow toilers the true nature of the court* as a tool in the bosses' economic and political oppress! (p. 29). Written in the days when the Communists had ' fully adopted their present Trojan Horse tactics, the p* plilet is franker than William Z. Foster on the question force and violence, declaring: the masses of workers will be fully justified, historically and socially, ill using means, including force and viol, defense against capitalist force and violence and iii a revoWJ tionary situation, to dislodge capitalism and replace it w'tn a classless social order. ° ° ° (p. 17). Despite their activities as a Soviet fifth column, C" munists .uc advised to quote the Declaration of Indep1' ence, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and WoOol Wilson in support of their right to revolution (pp. 18,1' Reminiscent of the procedure followed to the lett^L the defense in the trial of the eleven Communist I'-" in 1949, causing weeks of delay, we find the following! Before the jury panel is sworn in by the clerk, get up. ;*n state that you challenge the entire panel of prospective iurt'rj on the ground that it i.s composed of people whose social 8j* economic interests will prejudice them against you, the v'r 1,aidant (p. 20). Characterizing the various sedition laws, crimin* archy statutes and criminal syndicalism acts which been adopted by various states, the pamphlet rcll'r>. them as "class laws, brazen and undisguised, forged ''N capitalist state to suppress the struggle of the m*' (p. 25). Defendants are warned against too great reliance"1 attorneys since they arc "limited by the technical rn''. the courts" (p. 15). "No pussyfooting" is to be tol''r' from attorneys. "An attorney," it is pointed out, "sho" I Facts Forum News, June, Set I Averts "'"v hav "tint org ^Sanizal Sininc "'(.'inn "tofpr '""i to « Kd „ ,'"""n.„, >•(:, 8«nde "ii,. "'st f, :'h,- '''I! SO C.I' Hal ! K >0a] i (; Prim Ving 6fe.Snt S- ;.' - "«■„," »*« H'Tl,| WMo
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