ers are, of
is an acid
i Z. Foster
a a .
Ml Nvh.li 1"'
•t with 4
N'ne of the ten Hollywood
*r'ters, directors and probers indicted for contempt
°' Congress by a Woshing-
,0n, D. C, grand jury after
'"Using to answer questions
°* the House Un-American
Activities Committee in
,947. Left to right, Robert
AdriQn Scott, Edward Dmy-
rVk, Samuel Ornitz, Lester
j-o|e, Herbert Biberman, Al-
Jerf Maltz, Alvah Bessie,
°hn Howard Lawson and
*ln9 Lardner, Jr. The tenth,
Q'ton Trumbo, surrendered
ot « later dote.
vim; WORLD rim
let Union. Here are his typical replies:
1 any vvar that may be developed between the United
States and the Soviet Union can onlv be an imperialist war
lt the instigation of Wall Street, and we C unists are
against all imperialist wars. " ° ° itussia would never attack
'Viiirriea. * ° ° Because a soeialist government is not an
aggressive government. " ° " [Referring to the Soviet attack
"ii Poland:] That was just Russian land that the Polish Government had. • * • [Referring to the Soviet attack on Fin-
''ind:| Finland was the tool of reactionaries of every st rip*-.
° I have stated that we are not Koine, to fight against the
s"*i'-t Union • • ° [Referring to obedience to military
'"tiers:] That would depend on the circumstances. ° " *"
Trial and Hearing Technique
Basing itself upon Lenin's theory that the government
,i'"sisfs of "special bodies of armed men, who have at their
r, in sign
, in Holiy°j
.. and "repressive institutions of all kinds,"
I 'he oppression of the vast majority of the population,
r ' Communist Party, USA, which looks upon our govern-
nt as tlie "enemy," has devised various methods for
/'"'no exposure and prosecution which have been em-
''■<(1 from time to lime before congressional committees
(l the courts. These methods include the following:
1. Denial that the CPUSA advocates overthrow
of government by force and violence (Schneider-
man case, case of eleven Communist leaders, case
ot the "second string" thirteen).
2. Denial that the Party is an agent of a foreign
3. Denial of Party membership (Alger Hiss,
William VV. Remington).
4. Denial of legal authority to compel answers to
questions regarding Partv affiliation (Hollywood
5. Refusal to answer questions regarding Party
affiliation, claiming privilege under the First
Amendment to (he Constitution guaranteeing freedom of speech.
6. Refusal to answer questions regarding Party
affiliation, claiming privilege under the Fiftli
Amendment on grounds of possible self-incrimination.
7. Refusal to furnish official records on grounds
flat such a request is beyond the legal scope of the
>m vi News, In
committee or agency (Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee
8. Charge that the agency or committee is illegally constituted.
Nor has the above exhausted the Communist bag of
Johannes Buchner, in his authoritative pamphlet. The
Agent Provocateur in the Labour Movement, previously
referred to, presents detailed instructions for Communist
conduct before the police and in court:
000 no statement incriminating any comrade, no names, no
addresses, not a single fact which could possibly be used
directly or indirectly against the Party, its organs or individual members of tlie organization. No explanations in this
respect. Absolute denial even when personally confronted
with the persons and despite the evidence given hy police
spies and agents provocateurs. Whoever infringes, even hut a
little, these fundamental rules must Instantly and mercilessly
he ejected from the Party (p. 51).
This directive furnishes a key to understanding the
consistent hostility of Communist witnesses before investigating bodies and the courts.
Buchner warns against getting involved in talks and
discussions "even about seemingly distant tollies, such as
views of life, etc."
Should the authorities not know for certain that the
individual i.s a Partv member and have no proofs to that
effect, then says Buchner:
since a categorical refusal to make any statement would convict you of being a Communist, you may permit yourself a
few short statements calculated to obtain credence, but only
with regard to your men person.
He discloses the essentially conspiratorial nature of the
Party by advising that "We must always conceal our plans
and our ways of work from the class enemy.'' meaning, of
course, the government (p. 51). He adds later, "therefore
alvvavs be on vour guard, be a conspirator, carefully control yourself and others" (p. 54).
Communists are cautioned to note whether they are
I icing followed when leaving a police station or their own
homes (p. 24).
As a rule, those charged with certain crimes before a
court of law concentrate upon proving their innocence. Not