CPUSA to conventions of foreign Communist parties openly affiliated with the Cominform.
5. Fraternal greetings and support sent to the
CPUSA by foreign Communist parties affiliated with
the Cominform, and by the Cominform itself.
6. Support by the CPUSA of world movements
endorsed by the Cominform such as the World Federation of Trade Unions, the World Peace Congress,
the Women's International Democratic Federation,
the World Federation of Democratic Youth, the
International Union of Students, and the World
Federation of Democratic Lawyers.
7. Sale of Cominform literature by CPUSA
Public exposure of the CPUSA as a conspiracy with
an underground, illegal apparatus, engaging in espionage
and other treasonable activities, has induced the Partv to
incorporate into its constitution various formulations calculated to give the impression that the Party is entirely
legal and aboxeboard. Article IV, Section 10, declares
every member is obligated to fight with all his strength
against any and every effort, whether it comes from abroad
or from within our country ° * ° to impose upon the United
States the arbitrary will of any group or party or clique or
conspiracy, thereby violating the unqualified right of the
majority of the people to direct the destinies of our country.
This statement is honeycombed with semantic booby-traps.
Since the Communists claim to represent the enlightened
will of the majority of the people, they would never plead
guilty to being arbitrary, to violating the will of the majority, or to representing a clique or conspiracy. In Article
IX, punishment is prescribed for "conduct or action detrimental to the working class and the nation," the interpretation of these terms being left to the determination of the
disciplinary review commission of the CPUSA. It is as if
an organization of gangsters had formally adopted a constitution describing itself as a league of honest, law-abiding
Americans; or an extortion racket operating under the
name of Merchants Protective Society.
In 1948 the House Committee on Un-American Activities published a report to show that the CPUSA is an
advocate of the overthrow of the government by force
and violence. In 1952 the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee published documentary proof along this line.
In 1949, eleven top leaders of the CPUSA were convicted
under the Smith Act on the charge of teaching and advocating the overthrow of our government by force and
violence. In part, the government's case was based upon
quotations from seven Communist classics which a defendant, Carl Winter, declared are obsolete. Nevertheless these
very works were recommended by Political Affairs in 1947
and are openly sold in Communist bookshops. In a further
effort to escape the incriminating force of its basic documents, Article XIV of the 1945 constitution declared:
The Communist Party is not responsible for any political
document, policy, book, article, or any other expression of
political opinion except such as are issued by authority of this
and subsequent national conventions and its regularly constituted leadership.
In effect, this would constitute a formal repudiation of all
the works of Marx, Lenin, and Stalin which are standard
references for Party speakers, writers, and teachers today.
Its purpose is undoubtedly to invalidate this mass of evidence.
When charged witli advocating the overthrow of government by force and violence, the Party usually resorts
to the formula used by William Z. Foster in his 23 Questions: "The danger of violence * ° ° always comes from
the reactionary elements," who would oppose the revolutionary designs of the Communists. According to this logic,
a pedestrian who is provoked to violence in opposing the
forcible efforts of a highwayman to rob him of his possessions is primarily responsible for such violence. Experience
lias shown that the Communists have initiated violence in
every country in which they have been active to the point
of actual control as in Russia, China, and tlie various satellite states.
A prize example of evasion is that furnished by William
Z. Foster, chairman of the CPUSA, in answering questions
as to what he would do in the event of war between the
United States and the Soviet Union. These answers arc, of
course, typical of what may lie expected of Party members
generally in dealing with this question, which is an acid
test of their loyalty.
In the early days of the Communist movement, their
spokesmen were more forthright. Thus, William Z. Foster
in his work Toward Soviet America published in 1932, predicted positively:
Tlie danger of imperialist war against tbe USSR is now most
acute. ° ° ° The capitalists clearly intend to thrust war upon
tlit Sov iet Union. • * * It is a situation that should arouse
every worker ° ° ° to rally in defense of the Soviet Union.
On September 29, 1939, during the period of tlie Stalin-
Hitler Pact, Foster appeared before the Special Committed
mi Un-American Activities. He was asked by the chairman:
In the event of war between the United Slates and Soviet
Russia, would vour allegiance be to tbe United States or
Foster's replies run the entire gamut of evasion. W''
present them in part:
I say it i.s a hypothetical question. ° ° ° I am for the defense
of tiie United States. ' • * [I the United States entered this
war on an imperialist basis, I would not support it. " ° °
Mr. Foster again appeared on May 27, 1948, before th*
Senate Judiciary Committee, Again he was asked what h*
would do in the event of an American conflict with th1'
Nine of ti
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Screen Actor Larry Porks, left, aids Ring Lardner, Jr., center, in sign'r'
petition to abolish the House Un-American Activities Committee dun"',
reception given by the Civil Rights Congress (November, 19471 f°r
personages subpoenaed for questioning regarding communism in Holly* .,
Lorry Parks, questioned by the Committee in 1951, admitted Comm" .,
Party membership ten years earlier, but testified he had later le"
Screen writer Woldo Salt is at right.
Facts Forum News, jmu
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