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Manual on Organization, published in 1935, gives further
directives for safeguarding the Red conspiracy:
1. Do not tell anv member anything about Party members
which does not concern that member.
It will be remembered that many Americans viewed
with skepticism (he testimony of Whittaker Chambers
that he was known to Alger and Priscilla Hiss simply as
'Carl." It sounds utterly fantastic that they would not ask
for details. The fact is. however, that any Party member
who is inquisitive, who asks questions, becomes an immediate object of suspicion. The Party demands unquestioning obedience in the fullest sense of the term.
2. Do not discuss anv' Party question outside of the meeting of the Party organization ° ° ° Stop discussing inner
Party questions on the street corners or cafeterias. ° ° °
■3. Avoid, as much as possible, keeping membership lists
with names and addresses, and if yon have such lists, do not
keep them in vour home, or in the headquarters of the Party
Unit or Section, or in your poeket.
4. Documents which are not for publication should be
read only by those Party members to whom they are addressed, and should be destroyed immediately after reading.
Documents which need study must he carefully safeguarded.
Every member who has such a document must return it after
reading it to the Party committee, which destroys it immediately.
These instructions on illegal activities are supplemented
ov a publication entitled The Agent Provocateur in the
Labour Movement, written bv Johannes Buchner and published by tbe official Communist publishing house, the
Workers Library Publishers, for the avowed purpose of
Combating provocation and spying." This pamphlet states
"'at the "struggle against provocation and police espionage
"ins a permanent and fundamental function of every
F»rty member and of the entire Party organization."
While the CPUSA plays upon every liberal sympathy
"' protecting its members from ouster or prosecution by
the government, it has no such scruples in dealing with
■Ispicious persons in its own ranks. Describing those Com-
"Hinists guilty of "petty bourgeois prejudices and petty
KHirgeois muddleheadedness" who fear throwing "suspi-
j*°n on a friend and a comrade" or who hesitate to "hurt
"s feelings," Mr. Buchner lavs down this ruthless
Until the Communist Parties expel this petty bourgeois
Sentimentality and muddleheadedness energetically from their
"lidst, they will neve,- he able to wage an effective struggle
against the agents provocateurs (p. 13).
Persons under suspicion, he says, should not lie trusted
''"civ "on the alleged grounds that they possess valuable
'"1<l indispensable facilities" (p. 13).
, Mr. Buchner advises Communists I" read Our Secret
'"'. by Thomas Marvin fohnson, which contains descrip-
""s ol various methods employed by spies
■ ot >
, 'o some instances, he ascribes to the police procedures
j '"' penetrating into the technical apparatus to acquire
;' "rmation which the Party undoubtedly uses for its
I '' purposes, such as the enlistment of "shorthand typists,
1^ 'Uiical secretaries, janitors, charwomen, anil servants.
I failed instructions are given as to methods employed
I police officials in eliciting information anil how to
^ '"<1 against them.
Mr. Buchner advises the following methods lor eluding
, Firstly, the correct co-ordination of legal and Illegal work
°. Secondly, the drawing up and exact observance ol the
'"'■s of conspiracy work, that is to s,,v, practical measures to
"Mue that confidential decisions and documents, illegal per-
' 's Fori m News, June. 1956
WIDE WORLD PHOTO
Alger and Priscilla Hiss during 1949 perjury trial which resulted in his
conviction and sentence to five years in prison. Released in November,
1954, Hiss, a former lawyer (disbarred following his conviction), lives in
New York's Greenwich Village where he finds most people friendly and
sympathetic. He hopes to write and lecture on subjects such as foreign
affairs: wrote the lead article in the November, 1955, Pocketbook Magazine, "In Defense of Yalta"; was scheduled to speak at Princeton University April 26, 1956.
sons, addresses, etc., are kept a close secret. Thirdly, exact
rules for the conduct of comrades under arrest with regard to
their statements in court and before the police (p. 44).
He warns against excessive concentration of illegal
work of the Party "in the hands of a single comrade."
referring particularly to "the direction of an illegal print-
shop, communication with organizations abroad and with
underground organizations." He emphasizes that "illegal
Party work calls for a strict division of functions so that
the arrest of one person may not cause the dislocation of
several spheres of illegal Partv work" (p. 46).
Buchner advises that "all symptoms of personal feelings, sentimental considerations, or superficial friendliness" be rejected in the selection of comrades for illegal
Party work. Such persons must be thoroughly checked as
lo "moral and political personality of the comrade concerned, his strength of character, militant experience, personal courage, his connections and social intercourse, way
of life, family relations, etc." Precautionary measures are
urged "in any case of suspicion, serious or otherwise, even
v\ hen there are no adequate proofs by which the suspicion
can be corroborated" (pp. 46, 47).
Buchner's pamphlet indicates that the Communists
have made a scientific study of eluding police vigilance,
lie cites the following specific measures which incidentally
provide valuable leads for our own counterespionage
1. Thorough analysis of every ease of arrest, examination
and comparison of all circumstances and incidents accompanying the case.
2. Increased vigilance in eases of distortion or misrepresentation of the Party line.
3. Exact analysis ol the various proposals and formal
motions brought forward by the suspected person over a
given period of time.
4. Extreme caution towards people who display excessive
curiosity, who oiler themselves lor the execution of confidential tasks.
5. Special attention and vigilance to be paid to