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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956
File 046
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956 - File 046. 1956-06. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. August 5, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/139/show/115.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-06). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956 - File 046. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/139/show/115

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956 - File 046, 1956-06, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed August 5, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/139/show/115.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date June 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 046
Transcript the CPUSA; (2) the emergence of the CPUSA from an illegal to a legal status and the combination of legal and illegal activity; (3) policies in the American labor movement; (4) proposal for an independent Negro republic in the South; (5) activity among the unemployed; (6) the choice of leaders for the American party. Underground Activity Since the present is a period in which tbe exigencies of Soviet policy require that its American Communist henchmen maintain an attitude of active hostility toward the American government, since it has been only a short time since American lives were actually being lost in combat against Communist military forces, and since the government, in self-protection, has been compelled to adopt suitable restrictive measures, the Communist Party, USA, has more and more resorted to underground methods. The party does not wait until the police crack down on its members and organizations before it initiates precautionary measures. Writing in the Communist International as early as September 1, 1931, B. Vassiliev, a Russian specialist on party organization, called upon all Communist parties to safeguard themselves against "police terror." He declared that- The question of an illegal organization must now receive the closest attention of all Communist Parties without exception in capitalist countries ° 8 ° He called for the "formation of an illegal apparatus alongside the still-functioning legal Party apparatus." The application of this basic instruction means that while the Communist Party, USA, is still legal, it has already built up a parallel illegal apparatus. Mr. Vassiliev further indicates that this illegal apparatus is "to take over the functions of the legal apparatus as this is liquidated as the result of police repression." We are fortunate in having available the Vassiliev directive which furnishes the basic pattern for Communist conspirative procedure which would otherwise not be available in such convenient form under present circumstances. Basing himself upon the conspiratorial experience of the Russian Communist Party, he goes into some detail. The first steps for forming an illegal party apparatus which he recommends are as follows: 1. Securing, a building for storing the party archives. Such archives are usually entrusted to veteran Party members and are invariably located outside of known Party headquarters. They may be at the home or office of some wealthy Party member or sympathizer located in surroundings calculated to avoid suspicion. 2. Establishment of one or more illegal printing plants for the printing of party organs in the event of their closure. These would, of course, be supplemented by auxiliary apparatus such as mimeographs, multigraphs, etc. In addition, the instructions call for the establishment of one or more legal Party organs, usually appearing under some other assumed auspices. New editors must be appointed in advance to replace those facing possible arrest. In the event of the suppression of the Party paper, a complete apparatus is to be prepared for its appearance under a new name. Funds are even to be prepared for the payment of fines and other incidental expenses. 3. Establishment of an apparatus for distributing illegal Party literature. 4. Selection of a definite group of leading Party activists to pass into illegality. Tlie history of the Party shows Page 44 innumerable cases of leaders who have suddenly disappeared from public mention in tlie Party press for a time simultaneous with their assignment to illegal activity. This has been the case with J. Peters, Jacob Golos, Whittaker Chambers, Earl Browder, Charles Krumbein, Emanuel Josephson, George Mink, Philip Aronberg, Morris Childs, and many others. 5. Preparation of addresses and houses for illegal correspondence, for secret sessions of the leading Party committees and for housing the illegal Party leaders and for conferences at specified hours between them and Party members who are still operating on a legal basis. In this connection, the homes and offices of wealthy contacts often serve as a convenient cover. 6. Training of a minimum number of Party members in the techniques of underground work (running an illegU' l>rinting plant, code work, the technique of personal and written contacts, the defense and ]>rotection of the illegi" Party apparatus, etc.). For this purpose trained Russian instructors or Americans who have had training in Sovie' conspiratorial schools are usually utilized. To supplement these measures, Mr. Vassiliev give5 specific instructions for individual Party members and organizers, which have particular force in the preset*] hectic period: 1. No documents of an incriminating character are to be kept at the legal premises of the Party, and all Party members are to be warned regarding the keeping of secre' or incriminating documents. 2. Certain selected Party leaders engaged in special work of an illegal character are warned against visitiim tW legal Party headquarters. Meetings of Party leaders A'e not to be held at these locations. 3. In a period of semi or complete illegality, the Con1' munist-front organizations and unions assume niaj" importance as legal covers for Party members. MoreovW Party members are instructed to penetrate even non-Piuflj and anti-Party organizations in order to carry on the"! activity. (In recent years, for example, there has be^U accumulating evidence of Communist efforts to penetra' both the Democratic and Republican Parties, chi>rC organizations, conservative unions, etc.). 4. Above all, Communist activity in specific factor^ is to be carried on on a strictly conspiratorial basis. M<"' bers engaged in this work are cautioned: (a) To act in such a way as not to reveal the Party membership. (Recently the Party was hi''1. with a dilemma in this connection, having urged ■' members to actively circulate the Stockholm p1'-1 appeal which automatically revealed the Comim1"1 forces.) (b) Meetings of factory groups must be '"'',, strictest secrecy, with the possible exception of " admission of reliable sympathizers at times. (c) Real names are not to be used at meeting! individual members. <s w Vassiliev urges that "breaches of police resin ■ti'" should first of all be organized in the factories inlorn1 tl"' and directly, by attracting the working masses into struggle. ° ' °" In other words, the individual (:oiiiii"""j, vvill not stick his neck out to provoke defiance of the Y\, icy, but will work behind the scenes to induce the WOflJ in his factory to do so and take the consequences, (''on1" I nists consider every such "breach " as an evidence of tber weakening of our democratic government. j J. Peters, in his authoritative Communist Party " m Facts Forum News, June, l Miinii, directi win It with • that h "Car].' for de who is diate < tag ob c A ing Part; r: with keep Unit 4 read dress Doci Ever readi diate The by a P '■til/on,- lished porker comba tatthi forms i 'Vtv n VVhi 'J1 proh we gov Jjispido "ftmists ho, „.„,,,, P°n ,„, Ms feeli Wple; V, sentin midst, "gains Pers. "K'relv * '"1(l indi V Ir, '""is 0f '"''''-.I p In so &£ fea flailed ? Polie Kl an % Polie '"lev o ""sure Sfi
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