"unifier of peoples," "the great military leader of modern
times," "greatest strategist of our era," "symbol of heroism
and glory," and so on.
On a smaller scale the same atmosphere of slavish adulation permeates the national committee of the Communist
Partv, USA. Testimony to this effect comes from William
Z. Foster, himself, the Party's chairman. In his article in
Political Affairs for September, 1945, Foster states frankly:
With his great personal prestige and his excessive degree
of authority, Browder's word had become practically the law
in emr Party ° ° ° He had grown almost into a dictator. His
authority reached such a point that his word had become
virtually unchallengeable in our Party. His policies and writings finally were accepted almost uncritically by the leaders
and the general membership. Browder created around himself an atmosphere of infallibility and unchallengeable
authority. All this was accentuated by the deluge of petty-
bourgeois adulation, praise-mongering and hero-worship that
was constantly poured upon him by our leadership and
our members ° ° °.
Constantly grasping for more power, Comrade Browder
had largely liquidated the political functions of the Party's
leading bodies. He habitually by-passed the National Board
in policy-making ° " °.
The National Committee also had gradually lost all real
political power. It assembled; it listened to Browder's proposals; it affirmed them; and it dispersed to the districts to
impress the policy upon tbe membership. Of genuine political discussion there was none whatever in the National
Committee. Similarly, our recent National Conventions were
hardly better than the National Committee meetings — with
their formal endorsement of Browder's reports, no political
elise nssions and no self-critical examination of the leadership ° * *.
In this stifling bureaucratic atmosphere ° » ° political
thinking itself was hamstrung. Comrade Browder, basing
hieiise-lf upon the high prestige which he enjoyed among the
Partv membership, made policy pretty much as he saw fit.
Of course, Foster strives to create the impression that
Earl Browder was individually at fault for this state of
affairs, \owhere does he admit that the atmosphere he
describes is typical. The fact remains that although Browder was general secretary from 1930 to 1945 with the
knowledge and approval of his Moscow superiors, Foster,
who had been loud in praise of Browder's "insight and
vision," hailing him as the "heroic leader of the people,"
did not dare to change his tune publicly until 1945 after
the French Communist leader, Jacques Duclos, hail
damned Browder in the name of the international Communist hierarchy. Following the ejection of Browder, Foster
was quick to pay his homage to his successor, Eugene
Dennis, quoting him with deepest respect. Dennis, according to Foster in the Daily Worker of May 15, 1950, "symbolizes the just cause of peace, democracy, and socialism"
and is singled out as "the foremost leader of our Party."
Spimt of Prevailing Fear
The truth is that the same Communist leaders who are
the personification of defiance before congressional committees and the courts of the land, who pour a steady
stream of vilification upon representatives of the American
government, are paralyzed with fear he-fore the emissaries
of the Soviet dictatorship.
In the September, 1945, issue of Political Affairs, Foster
openly admitted that the chairman of the Party would
have faced expulsion had he made public his letter to the
national committee of January, 1914, in which he dared
to take issue with Browder, then the current Moscow
favorite. In the Communist of April, 1944, Foster's views
were- openly castigated before the entire Party by Gerhard
Eisler, an alien. Foster submitted meekly and without
protest, simply because Eisler possessed the blessing
It is indeed hard to reconcile the rebellious fire-eater «
the Daily Worker and of congressional committees' heal
ings with the submissive Mr. Foster before his Moscol
superiors. Speaking in Foster's presence before the Ameri
can commission of the Executive Committee of the Coi"
munist International on May 6, 1929, Joseph Stalin \va
unsparing in his eastigation of his American gauleitff
We quote his speech in part:
The Foster group wants to display its loyalty to the
CPSU (Communist Party of the- Soviet Union) and proclaims
itself as "Stalinites." Goeid and well. ° ° ° The Foster group
wants to demonstrate its closeness to the Comintern. ° ° *
Good and well. 6 * ° Let the Muscovites know how we
Americans can play on the Exchange. • • • But Comrades,
the Comintern is not an Exchange. The Comintern is the
holy of holies of the working class. The Comintern must,
therefore, not be taken for an Exchange. ° ° *
It is characteristic that in writing to his friends, Comrade
Foster refers to that conversation as something mysterious, as
something about which one must not speak aloud. ° ° *
What could there be so mysterious in my conversations with
Comrade Foster? ° ° °
What eliel Foster speak to me about? He complained m
the factionalism and unprincipled character eif Comrade
Lovestone-'s group. " ° ° I admitted that Comrade Love-
stone's group is guilty of these- digressions. ° ° " From this,
Comrade Foster comes to tbe strange conclusion that I sympathize with the [Foster] minority green]-), ° ° ° Is it not
clear that that which Cemnaele- Foster WISHES, se-e-ins to
him to be REALITY?
How did Mr. Foster, a free-born American, react to W
humiliating dressing-down from a foreign potenta"'
There is no trace of any reply to this tirade by Mr. F°s'f,
His attitude toward Joseph Stalin was, however, clear
expressed in answe-r to a government question in c-onn^
tion with the trial of the eleven Communist leaders a"
Eugene Dennis (left,, embraces Benjamin Davis, former New Y°r, . i
councilman and convicted Communist leader, at Pennsylvania Sr^r j
New York City upon Davis' completion of a sixty day contempt se ,flef
last year in Pittsburgh. Dennis (termed by William Z. Foster as "tnC tf
most leader of our party" and Davis were among Communist leodef (..
victed in 1949 for conspiring to advocate the forceful overthrow c' *
U. S. government. Both were released in March, 1955, after serving
Facts Forum News, May,
at the S
. O e>
J" fact t
'" his i
,1 '" ■
• Mllv g