Prospect, 1301 Boston Road
Fordham, 9 W. Burnside Ave.,
Allerton, 2700 Olinville Ave.,
Hunts Point, 891 Freeman St.,
Mosholu, 3092 Hull Ave.,
Parkchester, 1590 Westchester Ave.
Morrisania, 1 E. 167th St.,
Kingsbridge, 20 E. Kingsbridge Rd.
Mt. Eden, 125 E. 170th St.,
Tremont, 807 E. Tremont Ave.,
According to J. Peters' manual, "The Section is made up
of a number of Shop, Street or Town Units in a given
territory," under the lead of the section committee. The
size of the territory of the sections, the members of the
section committee and the section organizer or chairman,
are all subject to the decision of the next higher committee, i.e., the district committee or state committee. Here
again decisive authority emanates from the top. The section committee usually consists of from nine to eleven
District or State Orcanizations
The district covers a portion of the country (a part of
one, or one, two and sometimes three states, depending
upon the industries, on the size of the membership, etc.).
Thus it will be noted that District 2 covers all of the
State of New York, while District 1 includes Maine
Vermonr, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode
Island. Pennsylvania, on the other hand, is divided up
between District 3, including eastern Pennsylvania and
Delaware, and District 5, including western Pennsylvania,
the coal, and steel centers.
In an effort to befog the public mind, the Communist
Party constitution declares that —
The highest body of the- state- organization is the- State-
Convention, which shall convene- at ]e-ast 'im-e- e-ve-ry two
As a matter of fact. Communist conventions are perfunctory affairs with little decisive power. In a full-time conspiracy it is manifest that day-to-day decisions could not
be left to a biennial convention. Actual power resides at
all times in a small secretariat of three or five within the
district or state committee, which may be overruled at any
time by a representative of the national committee or the
Communist Internationa] (now the Cominform). In its
turn the district or state committee and its officials are
subject to approval by the national committee. It usually
consists of from fifteen to nineteen members.
The following chart [on next page] gives the chain of
Communist command from the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to the smallest Communist
unit in the United States. It attempts to summarize the
opinions of numerous former members of the Communist
Partv of the United States and the Soviet Union as to the
structure of the international Communist movement.
The national committee, which is elected by the national
convention in accordance with a slate previously submitted by the Partv leaders subject to the approval of current
Moscow representative, usually consists of from thirty to
thirty-five members. All its members are not made public.
According to the Party constitution, this committee "organizes and supervises its various departments and committees; guides and directs all the political and organizational
work of the Partv-; elects or removes editors of its preS
who work under its leadership and guidance; organize*
and directs all undertakings of importance to the entifl
Party; administers the national treasury." The national
committee meets about every four months, its member*
being distributed as organizers in the various districts
throughout the country. The national committee elects'
national board of about eleven which is resident in Nc*
York City, and meets about once a week. The nation*
board in turn selects a secretariat of three to five inelua
ing the chairman, the- executive secretary and other mefl>
hers of the national headquarters staff, who run the Pad?
from clay to day. In each ease it should be rememberd
that recommendations for each post come from the top
down, the highest echelons being subject to recommend'
tion and approval from Moscow itself. There are no riv'
candidates or contests for office.
The actual functioning of the national committee A
its smaller, ruling national hoard or politburo (a terf
copied straight from the Communist Party of the Sovtf
Union) is not in accordance with any prescribed eons'1
national procedure. It is totally at variance with roiiO"
practices in other political parties or in fact in tradition*
American organizations in general. It is even extreme?
doubtful whether the rank and file Communist Part
member has the vaguest notion of what is going on in "*
upper circles of his organization. We shall try to PvC,
true- picture of the "broadest inner democracy" of win"
tin- Party boasts.
Because of its quasi-military and conspiratorial chaJJ
ter, the Communist Party, USA, pays considerable atjl
tion to the matter of discipline.
The national convention elects a national review c0"
mission, formerly known as the control commission, wb*
is strictly limited to "tested" members of the Party ^
have been active for at least five years. What the- I'-1
constitution does not say, however, is that members of |
commission are closely interlocked with the undergrflj
apparatus of the Party and with Soviet military in**
gence. Because of this in some instances it connii"
greater authority than the national committee' M
Among those who have been members of this commiJ*
in the past are Charles Dirba, alias Moore; K. B'1'..
Jacob Mindi-l; Charles Krumbein, former Comintern &
sary jailed for passport fraud, and Jacob (Joins. revel
in testimony by Elizabeth Bentley and Whittaker ( ''''
Ihts as the head of an underground ring ol the Conn11"
Party. Current practice has been not to reveal the t4
of the members of the review commission. This con"
sion has charge- of all disciplinary procedure throng*-!
the Partv-, and is entrusted with the custody of the l>;'r'
What matters are the subject of disciplinary B*J
according to the Partv constitution? One count is "co"'
working class." Consid^j
American w<" y
class." it remains for the Party officials to interpret!
highly elastic- category of offenses. The opinions ol r«J
sible labor officials are not asked. Another offense is |
duet or action detrimental "to the interests of the ''',jj
or action detrimental to th
itself as the "political party o:
another vague classification. Pi
also is anv
tion of the cleeis
of Partv committees. I'nder
broad categories of Partv- offenses the civil rights
members are extremely tenuous.
Facts Forum News, Mh'J
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