nlunist Party makes it an active practice to colonize ke-y
Industrial plants with aggressive, often college-trained
Communists who have been thoroughly indoctrinated and
Prepared in party-training schools. The presence of one
S|,el, troublemaker in a large- establishment can be the
source- of considerable turmoil.
Operating secretly within a given plant to avoid detection, the Party member receives every possible outside aid
through what is known as "concentration," defined by
J- Peters as the utilization of "all available forces and
Organizations to penetrate the selected factory." Distribution of the Daily Worker, of leaflets, open-air meetings at
the factory gate, are all handled by Party members on the
Outside, housewives, students, etc. Leading party members are assigned to advise those who are inside. Front
organizations supplement their efforts. J. Peters, signing
himself |. P., stressed the importance of this task in the
forty Organizer for February, 1933, as follows:
thai District anel Section Committees must consider their
first political responsibility tei those- units which are- e-eiiiie-n-
li-ate-d on the important plants. This means that all the
Problems, in (he- concentration work, must In- take-n up in
•'ie respective ci iltiv, a cle-ar line- of policy developed
° comrades should he- assigned to help the- units tei earry
"ii th,- work. ° ' °
't is incumbent upon tin- Communists operating inside
.'"' plant to exploit "even the most elementary grievances
'" 'I"- shop" anil develop "partial struggles around these
'"''Hands." These- struggles, strike's, etc.. are not to be
."""eel to the- particular plant but must he broadened to
jOvolve other plants and to involve the workers in con-
lc't with the police anil tin- government generally.
'In- Communist cell also functions as a source of inlor-
'''tinii for Soviet military intelligence. In the- same- issue
' tin- Party Organizer, F. B. or Fred Brown, alias for
' I1', an agent of the Communist International, is most
'"'cilic- on this point:
An immediate task for tlie shop nuclei, lor individual
■"ty members working in shops, metal plants, chemical faeries, shipyards, em the- waterfront, is to ke-e-p theii eyes
''i1'" .mil se'e' what is being shipped, what steps are- being
'ken by the' bosses for (he- transformation of the industry into
. uar industry. " ° ° Real efforts must he- made to stop the
"P'lie-nt eel ammunition.
,, ' 's of more than passing significance in this connection
, "'t the man who was promoted to the small ruling seen-
I, at position of national secretary of tin- Communist
E5v, USA, is none- other than Gus Hall, alias lor Arva
P* Halberg, Arvo Gust Halberg, Arvo Kustaa Halberg,
Gus Hall Heft), Chairman of the Communist
Party in Ohio, and
Henry Winston, national
who were among Ihe
Party officials sentenced
in 1949 by Judge
Harold Medina. Hall and
Winston were imprisoned bclween court sessions after being found
in contempt of court
by Judge Medina.
Ulin WORLD I'lKirei
Gasper Hall, John Hollberg, and John Howell, fie has been
convicted under the Smith Act. According to sworn testimony before the city solicitor of Warren. Ohio, in 1937,
he was the leader of a bombing squad which obtained
dynamite and nitroglycerin and which was assigned by
Hall to blow up and destroy property of the Republic
Steel Corporation, the homes of nonstriking workers, railroad property including tracks and bridges, huge tanks of
highly volatile benzol, a municipal dam controlling water
supply and the municipal electric light plant (hearings
before the Special Committee on Un-American Activities,
November 4, 1938). The selection of Gus Hall as one of
the top leaders of the Party is extremely significant.
Meetings of the shop club are called secretly — never
by written communication and usually by word of mouth.
Even phone calls are avoided. Meetings may be held in
honies or in the local office of a Communist-controlled
union or sympathetic organization. If a meeting room is
rented, it is not hire-el in the name of the Party. Tlie work
is divided up among the chairman, the financial secretary
in charge of dues, the- organizational director in charge of
recruiting and meeting arrangements, the press director in
charge of Daily Worker sales anil distribution as well as
other Communist literature, educational director in charge
of study classes and propaganda meetings. As a rule, these
meetings are held in the evening, once every week or two.
No minutes are kept, and financial records are kept in
code. Directives are presented orally from the nest higher
body by a personal representative. For conspiratorial purposes, it may be necessary to divide up the members in
a very large plant, into separate clubs by departments.
For some time, the CPUSA published a confidential
organ called the Party Organizer, later known as Contact.
which was devoted to giving guidance to Party members
on matters of organization. Although this magazine is no
longer published, its advice is currently relevant with the
exception that it is now issued orally instead of in writing.
The March-April, 1932. issue of the Party Organizer, in
describing correspondent C. B.S experiences in the Bethlehem Steel mill at Sparrows Point. Md.. declares:
Grievances of the workers are sparks that can be developed into roaring flames of strike if they are carefully
handled. The- question is what to do with this little spark.
000 Revolutionary workers have tlie- task of developing
the grievance to ihe- highe-st level.
A study is made of the nature of the alleged "grievance,"
the departments and workers affected. A leaflet is distributed dealing with the "grievance." The correspondent
The pay line on Monday will be- especially "hot," first,
because ol the- grievance itself; second, lie-eause- of the- receipt
eif the- leaflet; third, il our comrades participate in the conversation and raise- the- agitation to a liighe-r level, there are
great possibilities for singling out good prospects tor a grievance group, wen to the extent of bringing workers right from
the- pay line to their own home or bringing them to a ele-sig-
nateel place- that was mentioned for this occasion where
several capable comrades would he- em hand to speak to
workers recruited in this manner, ° ° °
This account was followed by another signed by J. B.
who described the Party's activity against a new boss in
the Fisher Body plant:
Immediately after this situation was reported, a very
small leaflet em this matter was issued, This le-afle-t was distributed in this particular department in various places such
as machines, lockers, and all other spots where tlie' worker
could easily see them. At lunch time- one Party comrade
Started to diSCUSS tlie- le-alle-l anel he- urge-el that a grie-N ani-e-
committee should be organized. The committee went to the