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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 5, May 1956
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 5, May 1956 - File 043. 1956-05. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 21, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1329/show/1302.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-05). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 5, May 1956 - File 043. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1329/show/1302

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 5, May 1956 - File 043, 1956-05, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 21, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1329/show/1302.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 5, May 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date May 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 043
Transcript J I Communists is sometimes found in circles which have I "ecu consistently apologetic and defensive toward the ■ Communists. I The answer to the above questions, of course, is that ■ "itelligence and common sense are required in dealing I with both Communists and ex-Communists. There is no ■ ^institute or short cut. The fact of the matter is that in 1 Judicial and deportation cases thus far, including the cases j ot Alger Hiss, Harry Bridges, the eleven Communist lead- i ers, Harold Christoffel, and many others, the testimony of ^-Communists has demonstrated a high level of credibil- li a "v under rigorous cross-examination and investigation. Those who do not understand the Communist under- ^^J u°iiel are- apt tei misunderstand all that is involved in I "''Timer against the Communist Party. It is not nearly so I "mple as repudiating a political party. As indicated above, Communist headquarters maintain enteen years j an elaborate dossier on each individual Party member to tells the be usecj j , against anv possible defection. Widely said took lives cj . => . '. *~ - freemen I to u"ated smear campaigns directed against anyone who •man ID-Tcx"1 ' tucks the Partv- or its constituents serve as a powerful 'teiiini Those who have earned their livelihood by grace the Communist machine, in a Communist-front organi- Cive-ii a d' fatiori or through one of its unions or publications are ice, with ' ""mediately penalized by this vast apparatus. ion peasaH The history of the international Communist movement in, with 1" , replete with cases in which dissidents have been assas- :here is eve "ated or have mysteriously disappeared. Former Soviet psychology n*elligence Chief Walter G. Krivitsky was found shot in list forces, "•ashington hotel in the early forties. George W. Alberts, ng apprOjj ," Opponent of Communists in the maritime field, was el strong"1' ."'"d dead on board the steamship Point Lobos in 1941, nembered .tllten with blunt instruments and hacked with knives. , "et Stuart Povntz, a leading Now York Communist, sudor- ■ ids the N* }* the last V ,e"'>' vanished without a true >>'■ that it tn* subject ut" lpathizenj ii to main' be rH he same ■e-ival.le 4 k. Hence raiie1' 1 unple"] ■ res ii m those P", who in the late thirties. Laura is threatening an expose of the Party in the in °^ Washington, mysteriously disappeared. The purg- '"" and liquidation of leading Communists is a common , f, * iiijllivilitll'll Wl II ellllllL^ v ailimilllll.u.i 1.1 It VKlllliii'U lip of 22,™ <. ""Tence in countries behind the Iron Curtain and in the u'/i-r inaif utterly ^ s„,n?es' ex-Communists might be expected to prefer ob- t.. ""■ tar I 5Cu 'et Union. It thus takes some courage for an ex-Com- "lst to defy this nefarious machine. Under the circum- ld mean •] '"^V and safety. po or M (e "at is the motive- which impels an e\-Communist to is, of ei'lllj s... •' in court or before a congressional committee in ist " sl>it,. ti. °f the risks which he knowingly takes? It is simple ;anizatioOI |)(/'Sci''l>e it to a mere desire- for publicity: and this may bin its ot yj, "'"e in the rare ease of a Matusow. But it is also pos- ''ili.it a person who has been disillusioned with Com- "llsf claims and who is fully c '"lit need that this move- ilW dangerously antisocial and anti-American might ation ^v" L "ved by a desire to safeguard his country from what il'K >"U' realizes to be- a real and pressing danger, having the refof'j as i. "etermined to crusade i.A~-, -"-wnnmeu to crusaiie as devotedly for his country do we l"1" I,,- ' °"ce did for a movement which misled and deceived Jtalin?" J tiQ ' .Experience has indicated this : of the P^J &,,_'" the cases of most forme , testimony against the Partv. the actual motiva- Communists who have ignonii"--j c supercan ^, me will ask. "How can von believe an ex-Communist ed '''. 11:,. .'"'mittedlv has resorted to lies and deceit and who iewpoW11 iscredit * linf .lit" toward A ^ l i|(,m ''en willing to ally himsell with a movement which ii|tl''""'s outright disloyalty to the United States in behalf Soviet dictatorship and which condones every crime Json to murder in support of its efforts?" To S, MM.!' i > trei sxv ,u f r this question properly, it is necessary to under- ™e processes by which the Communist moral code Tsf (»ium News, May, 1956 is built up. In tin's connection we wish to quote at this point The Report of the Canadian Royal Commission of June 27, 1946, which dealt with Communist espionage cases, in which individuals were conditioned by a series of study courses. In view of the highly coordinated and disciplined character of the International Communist movement, this practice must be viewed as typical: As the courses of study in the "cells" undermine gradually the loyalty of .the young man or woman who joins them, it is necessary to say something as to the content of the courses pursued in them, as that is reflected by the evidence. The curriculum includes the study of political and philosophic works, some of them far from superficial, selected to develop in the students an essentially critical attitude toward Western democratic society. This phase of the preparation also includes a series of discussions on current affairs, designed to further a critical attitude toward the ideals of democratic society. But this curriculum would appear in reality to be designed not to promote social reform where it might be required, but to weaken the loyalty of the group member toward his or her own society as such. Linked with these studies at all stages, moreover, goes an organized indoctrination calculated to create in the mind of the study-group member an essentially uncritical acceptance at its face value of the propaganda of a foreign state. Accordingly, the study groups are encouraged to subscribe to Communist books and periodicals " " as well as selected books on Russia. In some cases tbe eifect of these study courses seems to be a gradual development of a sense of divided loyalties, or in extreme cases of a transferred loyalty. Thus it seems to happen that through these study groups some adherents, who begin by feeling that Canadian society is not democratic or not ecjualitarian enough for their tastes, are gradually led to transfer a part or most of their loyalties to another country, apparently without reference to whether that other country is in actual fact more or less democratic or equalitarian than Canada. Indeed, a sense of internationalism seems in many cases to play a definite role in one stage of the courses. In these cases the Canadian sympathizer is first encouraged to develop ii sense of loyalty, not directly to a foreign state, but to what he (on< ci\cs to be an international ideal. This subjective internationalism is then usually linked almost inextricably through the indoctrination courses and the intensive exposure to the propaganda of a particular foreign state, with tbe current conception of the national interests of that foreign state and with the current doctrines and policies of Communist Parties throughout the world. • * * A further objective, pursued through the study group is gradually to inculcate in the secret membership of the Communist Party a habit of complete obedience to the dictates of senior members and officials of the Party hierarchy. This is apparently accomplished through a constant emphasis, in the Indoctrination courses, on the importance of organization as such, and by tbe gradual creation, in the mind of the new adherent or sympathizer, of an overriding moral sense of loyalty to the Party." This "loyalty to the Party" in due course takes the place in the member's mind of the earlier loyalty to certain principles professed by the Party propo- ganda. ° • * The indoctrination courses in tbe study groups are apparently calculated not only to inculcate a high degree of "loyalty to the Party" and "obedience to the Party," but to instill in the mind of the adherent tbe view that loyalty and obedience to the leadership of this organization takes precedence over his loyalty to Canada, entitles him to disregard his oaths of allegiance and secrecy, and thus destroys his integrity as a citizen. • • * (pp. 72-75). In other words, the Communist is indoctrinated with a standard of loyalty to the Soviet Union similar to that which moves the American soldier to justify killing an enemy, spying and lying to accomplish the enemy's defeat. Nevertheless, this individual soldier may be a perfectly honest moral and upright citizen in his dealings with his fellow iium). Hence, it is conceivable that once he has fully Page 41 V .1 fs ing f
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