RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
;ed expendi 'n an outstanding deviation from its drive for economy,
i whole con e Hoover Commission here went the other direction and
e budget li< ^ed for larger expenditures, and particularly urged that
ditures bu heater federal support be given to basic and medical
nageme'nt o Search.
deleting sys ne military portion of federal research and develop-
the nations "lont is tll(> lion's share- Tt utilizes $2,050,000,000 of a total
a«nual expenditure of about $2,400,000,000. The Commis-
procedure S10n recommended that military officers assigned to Bees either b) ^a rc'h and Development serve for longer periods in order
'hat they may become professionally adept, and that
Commission - receive deserved preferment and promotion.
running a LEGAL SERVICES AND PROCEDURE
18 billion ft The Commission's report set forth broad plans to sepa-
956. "ate administrative from judicial functions in federal agen-
lional apprj "W, and thus give the public greater protection against
ade in terfflWuses of power and arbitrary bureaucratic action,
nely charge The Commission's report and fifty-two recommendations
eived. ri the subject were directed at improving the organization
governmeJ legal services within federal agencies, establishing a
, to provio arcer service for government lawyers, and raising their
lagement. ' Pay.
in part-tirt npvv Administrative Court of the United States, which
lich has ci
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vith the p
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:hat no <*
WUef formal proposal was for the- establishment of a
""1<1 have three sections dealing with the adjudicative
'ases of tax. labor, and trade regulation.
„, '"' Commission called for a reorganization of the work
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"' Department of Justice to separate its legal adminis-
'"ve- duties from its litigation functions, with an assist-
ueputy attorney general in charge of each division.
PERSONNEL AND CIVIL SERVICE
., 'i]'>i changes in methods of handling civilian emcees in order to recruit and hold more' top-grade worked administrators for careers in public service were
unamended bv the Commission.
I realized that certain of its recommendations may
n additional cost, but stated that it would be
! n>-\\ise and pound-foolish" to allow this consideration
t ("l,u'eier|| the end result of greater efficiency and compe-
B se in government which in the long run would save
'V times the temporary increase in cost.
Commission claimed that if the adoption of its
. iv mnicndations could reduce the present annual gov-
111 Ti |)c 'T)ent employment turnover from 25 per cent to 20
e taxpa> .cent, that factor alone would save nearly $50 million
(^ ^ntinuing service- in all departments and agencies,
to ,°uld have "personal rank" and be subordinate only
p. '''"'■ proposals were For the establishment of a Senior
El Service composed of politically-neutral, well-paid
L '' administrators of exceptional skill and experience
te, "iiuii nave personal
ijf "'itieal heads of departments and agencies; creation
■,'""'' non-career (politically-appointed) executives to
t|, over politic-al and partisan tasks, including work of
ti, | ''-'Inie which many career executives are now forced
;ii)(| '""He; new methods and policies designed to attract
Byfl skilled employees in public service; extension of
Brvice coverage, with its competitive examinations
"ional jobs; and development of separate, adequate
'ystems for other jobs which may not now feasibly
'"ed under the Civil Service program.
Commission thought that the functions of political
orom News, May, 1956
executives and career administrators have become confused and conflicting, and would like to make it possible
for career administrators to devote full time to management iind to keep clear of political tasks and of participation in political controversies. These senior civil servants
should be employed in a flexible manner in career positions wherever needed throughout the federal service, and
the Senior Civil Service program, as proposed, should be
administered by a proposed new. full-time Senior Civil
Service Board of bi-partisan character, the Civil Service
Commission to be responsible for the effectiveness of its
The Commission expressed disapproval of the present
performance-rating system in our Civil Service and recommended establishment of a new, direct, less cumbersome,
more efficient procedure.
So much of the Commission's analysis is "classified"
[i.e., secret or restricted; under security], that the official
report can be summarized in a few words:
The Commission hinted that the government is timid
about using its resources for fear of offending the Reds,
and urged greater concentration on "the main target, Russia." and her technical developments.
Russia, said the Hoover Commission, is provokingly
bold in protecting its own security against espionage.
Security measures in the United States, however, have
permitted collection of vital secrets in this country with
It was recommended:
1. That the President appoint a committee of experienced private citizens, who shall have the responsibility
to examine and report to him periodically on the work of
government foreign agent activities. This committee should
also give such information to the public as the President
iikiv direct. The committee should function on a part-
time and per diem basis.
2. That Congress consider creating a Joint Congressional
Committee on Foreign Intelligence, similar to the Joint
Committee on Atomic Energy. In such case, the two committees, one presidential, the other congressional, could
collaborate on matters of special importance to the national
FINAL REPORT AND SUMMARY
In its final and summary report, the Hoover Commission
said that the President should be relieved of direct supervision over thirty-three agencies which could not be "relocated" in other existing branches of government. To
some official in the Presidents office should be delegated
the supervisory responsibility of the President, who now
lias direct responsibility for sixty-four independent agencies of diverse character.
The Hoover Commission emphasized its belief that the
substantia] cuts in expenditures estimated In the various
task forces are feasible, are based on the elimination of
waste, and do not involve any reduction in military
strength, any item of useful public works, or any "delivered" federal contribution to health, education, and welfare.
The Commission made 145 "administrative" recommendations which it asserted are in the power of the various
departments and agencies to adopt, and 107 recommendations of a legislative character.