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It should be pointed out that the Communist advance in Czechoslovakia was
greatly facilitated by the behaviour of the
the non-Communist parties and their leaders.
This "democratic elimination" of the
Communists by the "Czechoslovak
Democrats" ended successfully when
the Socialist President Dr. Benes (even
today praised by RFE) signed the papers of the new Communist Government and continued on as President,
Czechoslovakia already being 100 per
In the days of the Communist coup,
I spoke to a fellow-student at Brno
University, Miroslav Karkan, who was
a member of the Benes Socialist Party,
and who had behaved before as an
anti-Communist. Trusting Karkan, I
spoke openly against the new government, and also declared that this was
the fault of President Benes.
Several days later I reported at the
university to take my final examinations. The examining professor said
that he could not examine me, because
the Communist Action Committee of
the University forbade me to take the
exams. About two days later I was visited by a plain-clothes policeman who
took me to police headquarters, and
then to the apartment of a student of
my faculty, Paul Thaler, Masa Street
18. Thaler and the policeman declared
that they knew me as an enemy of the
people's democracy and of communism. Then Thaler read, verbatim, mv
words spoken to the Socialist informer,
Karkan. the words I had spoken
against communism and against the
National Front President Benes. In
addition, a false accusation was made
that I had sent a reactionary person,
who could not get an exit visa, to
Great Britain in 1917 on false papers.
They indicated knowledge of my studies in Germany and at the Kuratorium,
and said that they were going to prosecute me in the Courts.
Thaler told me they were going to
destroy me because I was an enemy of
the people. He declared further that
even a flight abroad would not be of
any help to me. because they have
their people everywhere, even in the
West. Thaler also declared that he was
the head of the Communist secret
service at all universities and poly-
technicum in Brno, and in charge of
the purge of the universities.
He then read to me Minister Jan
Masaryk's declaration that he would
cooperate with the new Communist
government, and the declaration of
the university president, who said the
same. He told me that President Benes
recognized the new government, and
had accepted it; that it was a legal
government, and it was my duty to
work for it.
Then Thaler asked me to report to
him on the opinions of the other students of my faculty. He instructed me
to continue to speak against communism, listen to what other students
said, and to write everything down
and submit reports to him. He assured
me that they merely wanted to know
the opinions of the students about the
new government in order to be able to
act accordingly, and that they would
not do anything to those stndents-that
they would be treated in the same way
as I was treated. I could only pass my
examination if I would do this for
three months. Upon satisfactory completion of that time, I would not be
required to report further. On the contrary, Thaler declared to me that he
knew my abilities in science, and that
thev would support me in my career
and secure a very good position for
On the other hand, he said that if I
did not do so, they would destroy me,
expel me from the university, and put
me into a labor camp; that I would
never in my life be able to finish my
studies and work in a profession of my
Thaler asked me then to sign two
forms for him (this is the basis of Mr.
Whitney Shepardson's statement that
1 had "twice signed a contract to lie an
agent for the Communist police"!)
Partly under the influence of his sweet,
sly talk, partly in anger against the
Benes men of the National Front who
had caused this situation, who had
kept me without political rights before, and then even denounced me to
this Communist, I signed these two
forms. Had I not signed them, I would
have been arrested immediately, for
they had taken me into their confidence too completely. I could not feel
any friendship toward them, for they
had expelled and killed the' Sudeten
Germans, suppressed all decent
Czechs or jailed them, and there was
nobody whom I thought it necessary
to protect. The semi-Communists of
the National Front seemed to me to be
still worse than the open Communists
themselves. Why should I protect one
against the other0
My signature to these two forms satisfied them for the time being, and
they released me in a most friendly
manner and told me to come back one
week later to bring my first reports.
I stayed at home during that week.
It was a very hard week, and I became actually ill. For the first time I
realized that there are situations in life
when one can think of suicide. When
1 went into the city, I met several stu
dent friends on the streets who attempted to speak to me, but I avoided
them, and did not answer their questions. They trusted me, and perhapj
if they knew of my misfortunes-
would want to sympathize with me'
however, I felt a friendship for then'
that would not allow me to implies"]
One week later, on the day the si"'
cide of Minister Jan Masaryk was aj
nounced, I went again to Thaler. Tn'j
time he was alone at home, and I to
him in a friendly manner that I simp'
could not do what he had asked me'
He told me that I should think it oVq
some more, and report to him again
that in the meantime I would not l*
able to take my examinations, and tha
if I did not do what he had asked tfle'
I should regret it.
They let two months pass, and wW
I did not report at Thaler's apartn1'"
again, they excluded me from the °'
versify. I was among the first student
approximately fifteen in number, iwj
were excluded from the Philosopnl'J
Faculty. They excluded mc from '
universities in Czechoslovakia, tun16
me over to the Labor Office for for^
employment as a laborer, and reui'^j,
against me the proceedings before "I
local Soviet of Brno, introducing <<"'j
proceedings against me in the caseii
the reactionary person I had allege
sent illegally to England in 1947.
I succeeded in postponing
forced labor employment by pret<'"•.
ing to work as laborer at my lin jj
farm, and the proceedings at the co"
and the local National Coinm1™.
were moving slowly. Finally, sh'"
before my escape, they were stoprj
by the general amnesty of the %
President Gottwald. However, my "'
thought at that time was to escK
abroad from the terrible milieu w'1 j
had caused such unbearable tin"1"
in my life. .»
In the meantime I went to the vm
(Chairman) of the Philosophical *■
ulty, and told him everything tha* j
Communists had asked me to aO,M
of Thaler's connection with them- , pi
Dean was then able to inform ai" I
warn other professors and office",!
the faculty. Also, two days •>'''',''j'
first discussion with Thaler, I had ,jj
Mr. Miroslav Pechan, my best W?JJ $,
Brno (student of the law faCuHgl
Brno, who now lives in Canada) ;l yf
the entire situation. He was a rnc^ t*
of an underground organization*™
which he was able to give the "1j)i!
mation about Thaler and Karka*!
promised to help me escape t°'J
West. It had already been pWJ
that I was to go in May by **J
(Continued on ''"'"
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