fulfilled his assignment bv riding off
rapidly in all directions—he also has to
reconcile the irreconcilable desires and
aims of a multitude of so-called allies.
Since it is obviously impossible to pursue' a policy acceptable to both those
who want peace at any price and to
those who wish to resist tyranny—much
less those who yearn to liberate the enslaved peoples of the Soviet empire in
Europe and Asia- America's endeavor
lo please everybody results in our losing
friends on all sides and influencing nobody. 13y endeavoring lo make- the besl
of both worlds we are in danger of
In Ihis connection a dispatch from
Home, dated March 7. from one of the
ablest of American foreign correspondents is of interest. George Weller.
whom I knew well in China in 1946,
when he weis one of the few Americans
who had no illusions concerning the
nature and aims of the Chinese Communists, reported as follows in the
Chicago Daily News:
America's "island-hopping retreat" in
the Formosa Strait is beginning to pro
.in... results en European public opinion
opposite to tlu.se intended by Washington.
Instead <.! winning sympathy for moderation, it is causing Communists and f.'lleew
travelers to scent the blood of further
conquests. It e-eeiis.-s America's eeilie-s t..
eesk "e\!.o next?"
The same view of lie- effect which our
abandonment "I ihe Quemoy and Matsu
i-laiu|s would have' in Europe was expressed by Richard Hottelel of CBS who
reported on a TV program that the
people- of Berlin were saying thai, if lhe
United Stales failed lo defend these
Pacific outposts, they would fear lhal
they loo would he abandoned, since Berlin is also an island in a Communist sea.
Siuh voices as these telling u- the
I rue. or informed, reaction of the peoples ..I Europe lo our politics an- rare.
For the most pari American correspondents, columnists and commentators, arc
wont lo reflect only lhe image of their
own desires or whal they think is official
American policy in their reporting of
foreign opinion. Most of them do iml
even -peak tin' language of the country
to which they are accredited and therefore depend either mi their prejudices
or on I .S. Embassy handouts for their
"opinion" of what opinion is.
Keelson and logic till us lhat we cannot retain lhe confidence of the forces
in Europe and Asia which are prepared
lo fight eiml die lor freedom and at the
same time placate lln- neutralists ami
appeasers or those who. like the British,
will fight only when their immediate
interests or their own survival are' al
We cannot liberate the peoples under
communism's iron heel nor even protect
what i- left of the free' world, without
risking war. We cannot proclaim thai
"there is no alternative to peace," and
also expect lhal our power, greal as il is.
will he of any use in stemming Communist aggression. We cannol ensure
"peace in our time" without agreeing tei
the perpetual enslavement of lhe millions of people delivered over to Communist rule at Teheran. Yalta and Potsdam; and also withoul serving notice
eeii lhe world lhal those who are
threatened by lhe Communists had better sul.mil because they can expect no
help from America. Nor can we please
the "neutralists" bv minor concessions
to the Communists because they will not
be- satisfied until we have' retreated past
the point of no return.
Quoting George Weller again:
Indications are that the polie-y of retreat, politically speaking, has im. further
dividends t.. offer the United State's in
tin- European camp.
\or can it offer emv dividends in Asia
where our vain attempt to placate' neutralists such a- Nehru is disheartening,
or alienating, those who can l.e counted
upon to fight wilh us in the' cause of
liberty or for their own legitimate national interests. Tin- morale of the Chi-
ni'-i' Nationalist eirmv mu-! be destroyed
if we compel them to abandon all hope'
of liberating their countrymen mi the
mainland and rejoining their families
there. Il is as unrealistic as il is cruel
lo convert them into American mercenaries dedicated only lo the defense
of our security or the promotion cd our
interests. Yel this is in effect whal we
are now living lo do by makiiiL' our
support dependent on their renunciation of their own national and personal
cause. The end result is likely to be the'
..ne calculated on bv the Communists,
namely that they will be able' to lake
Formosa from within through the disaffection or desertion of the Nationalist
CONCILIATE INDIA AND LOSE JAPAN
Nor is it likely lhal we shall be able
to keep Japan in our camp if our main
aim is lo conciliate India, since Japan
requires evidence of our determination
not lo give way lo Communist aggression iii Southeast Asia where her principal markets are today, while- Nehru
wants us to retreal and appease, appease and retreat.
Similarly in Europe we cannot expect to acquire the Germans as willing
allies while also pleasing France, since'
lhe latter wants an assurance lhal
NATO will never use il- strength lo roll
back Ihe Iron Curtain, while the Germans, if thev arc to enlist wilh any
enthusiasm in the European defense
fone-. need hope lhal their enslaved
countrymen in the East zone will one
day he- liberated.
Il is all too easy for lhe I nited States
to Use the threat of withdrawal of material and moral support from Chiang's
and lihee s forces in order to prevent
them from taking "offensive" or "aggressive" action against the Commu
nists. No great effort is required I"
damp down the fires of liberty for the
sake' of peace in our time. Bul il will be
very difficult, if not impossible, to fan
the spark of liberty to life, if and vein'"
we decide that our own security require!
that we cease to act as firewardens for
The American people, misled by
press, radio and television concerning
the real issues, have been lulled into a
false- sense of security. Except for a fei.
lone voices such as those' of General
MacArthur and Senator Knowland. no
attempt heis been made to awaken theW
to realization of our peril. Most of our
newspaper editorial writers and columnists, together with our radio commentators, use our predicament to scare
us into a poliev of appeasement.
Last year during the Berlin Conference. Fran Reuter, widow eif the 1st*
great mayor of that courageous 'itv-
reminded me of what her husband ha"
seiiel to me when I visited them during
the blockade: ''The strength of the Soviets lies in the irresolution of the West'
era democracies." Echoing him nearly
seven years later Syngman Rhee stated
in a speech he gave in Seoul °n
March 1. 1955:
The greatest enemy eel the free world is
not the armed iiieesse-s eef Communist soldiers...but its own feeee liilni'ss and sell"
These two brave- voices, echoing ea1'''
other, came from what Mr. Dulles hi}5
called the outposts of freedom, ll '"
nol from the front line of the bat"-"
field but in the rear—where the Communist menace' is nol understood a"'1
where' tOO many people' hope to savl'
themselves by sacrificing others—th»
the demand is raised for peace at -"'!
Franklin Roosevell said that we h**
nothing to fear but fear itself. Strange'?
enough his greatest admirers arc il"1-1
who now counsel us to be '.'..veined J'!
our fears. Generally speaking, those WD
urged the I nited States to intervene "'
Europe to prevent the victory °l\ e
Nazi totalitarian tyranny arc now l""'1
up on the other side and are advocatj™
peine at any price and telling us tW
we can do business with the Com"1"
.Meanwhile' the former "isolationists'
or noninlet v iiilioiiisis. are divi''1'1'
Some few believe thai the United Si""'"
can still retire behind her own defenSj*
and abandon the resl of the world '"
epe alone with the Communisl men*
which America herself eliil so much ,
create bv the crimes and follies
Roosevell and his advisers. Bul ,
great majority of those who <>PP0?^|
Roosevelt's foreign policy realize "!',,
America cannot now "go il alone " ". -
also opposed to our following the ■"![.,
of those of our allies who wish us ell .
to submit lo Moscow or to defend ""
their own particular interests.
FACTS FORUM NEWS, April, -'
□ □ 7.