—Wide World Pholo
Paul Crouch and his wife, Sylvia, as they appeared May 24, 1949, before the House
Un-American Activities Committee.
Membership and activities in the Consumers I nion L'ene Communists a "legitimate" excuse for their interest in all
technological advances and the latest
and mos| efficient manufacturing methods. The' work of the organization was
self-supporting, avoiding the necessity ol
financial outlay by lhe parly. Communist scientists were' able to recruit their
friends into ei well-concealed Keel front
and gradually bring them closer anil
closer lo the party itself. Tbe department beaded by Scherer was greatl)
benefited bv lhe new organization headed by Air. Kallel.
Communist sights wen- set on California's Alameda County regarded as
one of the mosl strategic places in the
country in April. 1941. Il was at this
time that the National Committee of the
party sent me to California eis ei memb.i
of the District I'mro directing work in
the slate anil also in Nevada and Hawaii
and also as part) organizer for Alameda
Alameda County nol only had some
of the nation's largest shipyards and
many other essential defense industries.
it also contained ihe I niversity of California, with its radiation laboratory.
and the importanl research laboratories
of Shell Development. Everything possible weis being done l.v the Communisl
party to foment strikes and cripple production in defense plants when I arrived
in California that \pril.
However, on June 22, with Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union, the Communists reversed their immediate tasks overnight. Instead of agitating for strikes, the party
sought to prevent them. The party worked
feverishly for increased production, and the
hated "imperialist war" became the "people's war."
I found lhal lhe Alameda Count)
p.utv organization comprised seven sec-
tie,ns. these sections having ;i total of
over thitiv units, the party's basic organization. The units averaged ten to
twelve members each, some having onl)
five or six and others occasionally having as many as two dozen or more.
I hen' were sections organized on territorial lines Berkeley, West Oakland,
downtown Oakland, eiml East Oakland.
I here was a "trade union " section composed ol the various "shop unit.-" in
Navy vends, an automobile factory and
other industrial plants, plus two units
on,' composed of leading Communisl
(TO officials, th,- other of Communisl
officials in lhe AF of I..
v campus section bail four units of
professors ol secondary positions, graduate stuile'iiis emd others connected with
ih.' I niversity (excepl key members ol
the faculty and employees and scientists
associated with the radiation laboratorj
.nul other projects).
'Ihi' lasl sea tion weis known els the'
"special section" to the parly leadership
and lo lhe members of its units bul was
called lhe "professional section" when
mention bad to be made of it in written
reports (on such things a- dues pay.
incuts I. This special see lion had units
for I I I governmenl employees federal.
slate, county, and municipal; 12) attorneys, physicians, and other leading
professionals: (3) leading members ol
the faculty of the' I niversity of California; i 11 scientists emd others associated with the radiation laboratory emd
other scientific work al lhe I niversity.
\ I .out September a new unit composed
of employees of the research laboratoi ii -
at Shell Development was added to th.'
During 1941 no member of the party had
a membership book, and no true list of
names of members was kept anywhere. Until
June 22 the party was prepared to go undei*
ground at any moment, and during the remainder of the year the secret apparatus
remained intact, despite the change in the
Many additional precautions wen- ap-
plied only to the special section nnil-
and especially to the- two units connected
with the I niversity and ils radiation
laboratory and scientific and reseaTCD
fields. The members of special sectioij
units wen- never lo attend occasion*
county membership meetings and »'"
excused from all routine party euliviti''"
such as distribution of literature everything lhal mighl cause them to fedl inidi'1
suspicion bv government eigenits. II'1'
greatesl precautions were used in hold'
ing the nn il meetings in homes of nic'"'
Party responsibilities were well at
lined in ilivisiem of work bet wee
and my two chief associates in l'1'
county leadership, Charles Drasnin a"'
Kenneth May. In addition lo penerW
supervision and "political responsibilit)
for all Communisl work in the count?
I weis directly in charge of the work "'
the' Leist Oakland and the- trade unio*
sections. Drasnin. ihe County OrganW
tional Secretary, was in charge' of fin""
rial ami membership matters and "'"!'
the work of the- Berkeley. Wis I Oakla'"1'
anil dow nlown seel ions.
Kenneth May, Counl) Education11
Director, in addition to supen ision ''
party literature, classes emd study, ' ,
Haled lb,' work of both campus "'"
special sections. Bul in the spei i"l "' j
tion hi' operated under supen ision
Rudy Lambert, the districl head "' *
underground apparatus. (Lambert k'"
the county well, as he- had been M?""a,t
County organizer of the parly '"
The work in Alameda Counl)'
under the general supervision "' „
District Kuro. then composed of WJj',1
Walter Lambert I Rudy's broth, i'-
Oleta O'Connor Yates. This Buro
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