or six years
animal breeding by two or two-and-
The plenum of the Central Committee
of the patty has indicated the ways and
means by which it is possible to reach
the solution of that nation-wide problem.
Among these means, beside the increase of agricultural j ields and the
reduction of the losses eil harvests, the
most accessible euul rapid means is the
putting under cultivation of virgin fallow lands. Already in 1956 the sowings
of these- lands will extend lo no less than
28,000,000 to 30,000,000 hectares.
A most important reserve in the production of main is also the increase "I
the ana under corn in the country,
from 3.500.000 lo 28.000.000 hectares.
The increase of grain production, and
particularly of so b^jlr a cultivated
plant a- corn, w ill allow re-seels, ing
radical manner the pmbl. rn ol creatine
ha.-ie feielel.'i production for animal hit
such colossal problems in agVicultui
absolute!) realistic and within the mraus
eef the' country. Bill to achieve thill il i-
nee. s-eiry lo mobilize eill forces of the
collective farm peasantry, of the working class and of lhe entire Soviel people
in order to bring agricultural production to a new higher level on the basis
of most modern technology and of ad-
vanrrd and highly productive working
methods, which arc completely mastered
by the advanced workers of our agriculture.
Information reaching us from all the
provinces of the country tells us thai
the toilers of the cities and villages
warmly approve' the resolution of the
plenary session of the Central Committee and are ready lo carry il out.
Party ;ind government organizations
must pul themselves al the head of the
fight to ilo everything necessary to carry
out ihr task envisaged hv the Central
On the basis of the further development of heavy industries and of agriculture, thr production of consumer goods
clothing, footwear, food products,
utensils and goods to meet the cultural
needs of the population—will be in-
Special attention should be paid to
further development of Sov ie-l science,
to bring science even closer to the task
e>f solving urgent problems of the building of communism, to raise its role in
technical progress and in the advance ..I
Comrades, Deputies, our mosl im-
mediate task in thr field ol management
of national economy is fulfillment of the
stair plan for this year the decisive
year of the Fifth Five-', ear Plan.
\..e.iding lo thc state plan for the
development of the national economy in
1955, ihe total gross production of industry is planned to increase, in com-
peni-on vs ith 1954, by some 9 per rent.
Industrial output thi- year will be 80
per cent higher than in 1950.
'I his means thai wr shall lull ill lln■
industrial five-year plan as scheduled.
Production in heavy industry will rise
even more, ll will increase, over the five-
years, by !■; I per cent.
In comparison «ith lasl year, the conveyance by road-motor, river and se-ei
transport was increased considerably.
In agriculture .serious work on the fttl-
fillment of Ihe decision of the January
plenum of the Central Committee of the
parly will have to be carried oul this
year. The plan provides for a considerable increase in the production of grain,
industrial crops, potatoes, vegetables,
meal. milk, eggs and wool. Increased
resources of agricultural reus materials
provided for by the 1055 plan will insure' ei further expansion of the pro-
elite lion of mass consumer goods which,
as compared with 1950. will increase
J..v 71 per cent.
T^Thc year 1955 will be a year of a
fiu'licr upsurge in the material prosperity ami in thr i allured standard of thr
life of Ihr people.
Compared with lasl year, national in-
eoine will rise by 10 per cent. The re-
munrrarion of workers and employee's
w ill ine ii-ei-i'. thr incomes nl peasants in
kind and money will ri-c an.I llirre will
l.r more housing. ^^^ g\
Fitlfillmrni of the' national economic
plan for the pt'esenl year w ill dermiml
maximum mobilization and belter u-i'
nl existing economic resources and IkutI
work nl our whole proplr.
\ further rise in labor productivity
is of thr greatest importance in thr solution of tasks set bv thr plan. The growth
of labor productivity is a most important factor in achieving more production, lower msis and greater savings.
However, it must be admitted quite
frankly that we have serious shortcomings in this important task. Thr growth
of labor productivity lag- behind the
tei-k- set in ihr Five-Year Plan.
Comrades, wr must nol forget ihr instructions nl Vladimir Ilyich Lenin on
the decisive importance of labor productivity in ihr building of a nrw si»-
ciety. We' must bear in mind the fad
that only as far els ihr productivity of
all publir labor i- increased shall we
l.e- able to increase publir consumption.
Much ha- been done in our country for
thr technical equipment of labor and
making il easier, and raising the qualifications of working proplr. 'Ihi- work
We musl improve the' organization eel
leibeir and secure lhe fulfillment and
overfulfilhnenl of the schedules of productivity of labor fixed for 1955. bearing in mind thai these schedules are fen
from being excessive,
'Ihr solution ol economic ta-ks facing
u- depends to a considerable extent on
thr application in all branches of na-
To siiliscrilic. see Page I.-*
tional economy ol advanced technical
methods. Our technical successes are indisputable.
I!v commissioning the firsl industrial
p..wit siaii.,,1 operating on atomic
energy, projected em.I bufll through the
efforts ol Soviet scientists and engineers, our country made a realistic
step in tin- ns.- of atomic energy for
\s ahead) stated, we are engaged
inns in devising a more powerful electrical station working mi atomic energy.
Bul however greal air our achievements
in thr domain of technical progress,
there are still many serious shortcomings in many branches e>f thr national
Smiie nl niii' scientific ami research
institutions arc lagging behind in devis-
ing machines and production methods
corresponding lo Ihr present level of
\s..rid technical achievements. Thr same
can be said about industrial undertakings, which are slow in the practical
application of modern industrial
ll is ncrr-saiv lo correel all this. I'
is necessary to improve the work of
ministries, scientific institutions and
technical workers engaged em such matters so theii technical progress in out
' iitmliv is speeded up all thr time. Mi"'
isters and managers nf government departments musl lie held responsible f"1
carrving il out. because it is an i'"'
porlanl Steele letsk
One of lhe conditions for tbe successful development of national rconoiuv b
llii! sleite's material it-itiis. Kusi-rvPj
me an our mighl and -I ivngtlii-ning "'
Ihr loiinliv's defense eeepeiiilv. Then-
fore, il uotilftfaP/ an unfoi'givcable tin-
teeki' to relax (mention from this tin's'
important task or to yield to the tcroP'
tation of solving private, presenl problems al the expense of the state's reserves.
To increase the stair's stock of '-,vl
materials, manufactured materials, h"
industrial goods eeml foodstuffs is '""
mosl impot'ieiui task.
Thr part) is constantly pursuing /'
policy of all-round and steady econom"
eind cultural development of all ''"'
republics and regions belonging to '"''
greal Soviel Union.
Recentlv some ministries have I"'1."
turned from all-Union into 1 nion i<-pllJv
lie ministries. In ibis connection a -"
stantial proportion of enterprises I'-'"
been turned over from all-l nion control to I nion-republic control. Maki"!
use of nrw and more elaborate tun1""'
the State and economic organs ol '..
I nion republics musl improve the'
leadership in economic and cultuf
The fulfillme-nl of the- 1955 st**
budget, which has been approved I'V',,'.
Supreme Sov Lei of the I .S.S.Ii- "''
memHs theii all ministries, enterpns
construction establishments and
FACTS FORUM NEWS, April, <"'"'
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