(Contrast Ls here presented, aol onlj
in the views of two experts on world
affairs in genera] and poviet affairs in
particular, Imt also in the freedom with
whirl. Freda I tley, a naturalized I .S.
private citizen, may criticize the policy,
or lack ol policy, of the I'.S. administration, while N. A. Bulganin, though
supposedly top minister of the Soviel
I mon, i- confined to the Communisl
party line expressed in characteristically
cold-storage sty le.
Building a Socialist Society
by NIKOLAI A. BULGANIN, Premier of USSR
Delivered before a joint session of the Supreme Soviet. Moscow, February 9, 1955
IJomrade Deputies, you bene accorded
Vine a great honor einil trusl b) eip-
I'oiitlitiL' mr i heeii mail of rlir ( annual ol
Ministers of Ihe I nion nf SoVii-l Sorial-
'st Republics. I thank yon. comrades.
'°r lhe honor and I itsstire you that I
s"al| devote eill my strength to justify
Firsl of all, I must assure the Supreme
''"vict that in all ils activities Ihe Couu-
c'l of Ministers will continue to earn
0nt consistently the policy worked oul
'>' the Communist party; the polic] oi
gliding ei Communist society, ol fin
"."'f consolidating the might of the So-
|"t state, e.f strengthening the alliance
"■tiiei n the working class and the col-
'liv farm peasantry — a policy of
"fengthening peace and security.
the implementation of such a polic)
-uaieintees the further flourishing of our
Socialist state and the raising of the
the whole- activity of the Communist
Pa>t) and of the Soviel state is subordi-
ll'",,'l tee the loft) task of constantl) improving the life of the workers.
HEAVY INDUSTRY OUTPUT
Heav) industr) has always been and
''"Liin- the foundation for the further
Psurge of our national economy. Its
'r''si'nl output is nearly three and a
|J" times greater than in the pre-war
j^'H- of 1940. Our highly developed
"ju ) industry is the great, historical
"''icMiiii'iii of the Communisl party
'""' of the Soviel people.
. ,N [ is I we'll known, heavy industry
,ls tendered a wonderful service to the
'"'si' of the constitution of socialism
I"' the consolidation of the indepen-
''''"''' of our homeland.
. Heavy industr) i- the basis of the
( ' ''sll'llrlileli' ile'fi'llsiM'lli'sS of till' rnllll-
1 and of the miehl uf our valiant
a '"'edl. comrades, the fearful years of
'' great fatherland war.
'■ ai thai time, there had been in our
"n|ry no mighty economic basis, no
—Reprinted from Vital Speei hes,
March I. 19S5.
S FORUM NEWS. April, 1955
heavy industry, we
umphrd over the
tld nol have tr
independence ol our home
Heavy industry insures the development of all branches of our national
economy, agriculture, lighl and food in-
'luslry. and therefore is thc source of a
constant rise in the prosperity of the
In order to advance agriculture, which
<_.i\cs raw material to the liphl iniliis-
Iries. il is necessary to supply il with a
sufficient number of tractors. haiM'sl-i
combines and other farming machines.
(Ink I ee -el \ \ indllsltw is elleli' to ''i\'e 11-
Iii developing heavy industry, we have*
always followed and we shall follow tbe
directives ol the greal Lenin and ol the
faithful continuator of his work, Joseph
\ tssarionoi ich Stalin.
The policy of the preferential development of heavy industry, which the
parly has defended in a fierce struggle
againsl class enemies and their agencies,
i- justified by the entire course of building socialism in our country. Thai policy
corresponds to the vital interests of the
Sov irt state and our people.
A very important task of the Government will be to carry oul measures
worked oul b) the Centra) Committee of
the Communisl party in regard to the
development of Socialisl agriculture in
order to safeguard the ever-growing requirements of the population in food
pro.hiris and of industry in raw ma-
In tin- connection, em enormous importance, should be attached to the resolution passed iccinlly by thr plenary
session of lln CeniKil ('ommiltrr of the
Coirmiunist parly of Ihv Soviet I "nion.
in which the task of iin rieisinii <irain
production during lhe ncxl five or si\
years up lo tcrtsjjiillion poods [a pood
is about thirty-six pounds] and to raise'
the production of basic products of
—Wide World Photo
In 1938, top Russian leaders watched proceedings at a joint conference of the two
branches of Russia's Red Parliament, the Supreme Soviet, at the Kremlin in Moscow. The
parliament met Jan. 15 and adjourned Jan. 19 without accomplishing any legislative work.
Shown, left to right, N. Bulganin (then a deputy), A. Zhdanov, Stalin, K. Voroshilov, and N,