r, . -i President
Exclusive Interview with CHIANG KAI-SHEK
;->, HONGKONG' ^ » PfSC4£
How Strong is Asia's "Tight Little Island"?
For a firsthand picture of the Formosa!) Btrongholdj Facts Forum's Hardy
Hurt (left) went directly to the history-making island which lies only ji hundred
mil.-s from the <oa«t of Communist China. The STATE OF Till: NATION
interview with Generalissimo 1 Huang Kai-shek was conducted al lite Republic of
<'.t)inii President's Taipeh office.
(). Mr. President, the Communist Chines,' leaders have' repeatedly stated lhat
they will invade ami conquer Taiwan, or
Formosa as we know it in the United
States. Do you believe that the Communists will actually try lo pul this con-
stantly repeated and publicized threat
A. They have confirmed by action
that they mean to carry out their
threats. There can be no doubt as to
their intentions. However, when they
know how determined are China and
the United Stales l.e stand together
againsl communism and exactly whal a
consequence would follow theii en lions.
they would certainly think twice before
tin \ acted.
Q. Ilo vein believe that Soviel liussia
would openly anil actively cooperate
with the Chinese Communisl die latins
if an attempt were made to overthrow
A. Impi'ialist liussia is 101) per ce'iil
behind the Chinese Communisl scheme
of invading Taiwan, but she' will nol
fighl hv the side of her Communisl
stooges in the open.
n. \s you well know. President Eisenhower has been given the mandate of the
\nieiiean people lo lake all necessary
measures to defend and to protect the
lie-iuililie e.f China from Communisl
aggression. What measures do you believe are essentia]?
V. Presidenl Eisenhower ha- taken
an essential step in declaring lo both
friends and foes that the 1 nited Stales
i- determined in help in lhe defense 'if
the Republic of China. On our part, we
have transferred our garrison troops
from the Tachens and redeployed them
to strengthen our defenses in lhe area
covered lev tin- Sino-American mutual
ARMY OF OLD MEN?
Q. Your Aniiv wets evacuated from
the mainland in 1949. ll is now 1955.
It is consequently concluded by some
Ann ri' -ins- that you'll soon be commanding an army of old men. Would you
like to comment on this'.''
A. Our armed forces, jusl as ihose of
einv other country iii the world, el" not
always consist of the same men. There
are enlistments ami retirements in the
forces from time to time. According to
our law of national service now in lone'.
every Chines,, male citizen between 18
and 15 years of age' is liable lo military
service. Young men ate' streaming into
the training camps all the linn, anil
when their training is completed they
join the ranks u, replace over-aged soldiers who then retire. Every year trained
officers from military academies are
filling vacancies in the forces left by
promoted and retired officers. There is
einel will !«■ no army of old men in Free
Q. Only three Senators voted not lo
give Presidenl Eisenhower absolute' authority lo help defend Formosa and the
islands essentia] to lhe defense' of the
present stronghold of Free China. One
was Senator Morse, who has said lhal
-in h a eli'fe'iise' would involve the strong
and definite possibility of having t" invade the mainland of China with American soldiers after the pattern of Korea.
Would American soldiers be required to
fight Communist forces on the mainland
in the defense of Free China7
A. Presidenl Eisenhower has already
made il clear that there is no need lo
commit United Stales land forces lo the
defense of free' China.
"BLOW FOR BLOW"
Q. Is a cease-fire agreemenl with the
\. The present hostilities were resumed last September 3 when the Com-
iiiiinisls shelled Qiicmoy. What we have
I.e.-n doing since then is only returning
blow for blow. To talk with the Com-
munists on a cease-fire would not onl)
I..- fruitless: worse' than that, ii would
encourage their aggression.
Q. Il is known that tin- dedicated purpose or crusade of thc Republic of China
is to return to the mainland ami liberate
tin' people from the- tyranny of Communist domination. The mainland i- reported to he under rigid Communisl control.
Ilo veeu have' any evidence lhal there is
dissension among Chinese Communist
A. Dissension is in lhe nature of u"
Communist parties, the training of then
leaders being what il is. lint dissensio'
in lhe Chinese Communist regime is "'
no importance or consequence utile.-"
and until we can counterattack the maif
Q. The armed forces of Nationali*
China are comparatively small as en"1'
pared with the immense manpower i*
sources available to the Chinese' Communis! dictators. How can you hope I"
overthrow the Communists when y»ur
forces are -ee greatly outnumbered?
A. The outcome of war is decide'
neither by th.' size of armies nor "''
supply of manpower alone. Thc "<"~
important factor thai makes all the o»
I .re ihi- is the spiritual factor, parli''"'
larlv the psychological factor.
Ninety-five per cenl of the Chi"fSf
Communisl prisoners of war in K"1''''
refused to return to the mainland win'
their parents, wives, and children »'''''
wailing for them. They chose' to conn '''
Free China. This happened when th''r'
was not ei single' Free Chinese soldier"'
the Korean Fighting front.
Also during the- evacuation of 'J1'
Tachens. the whole of the local pn|>ll':'j
tion. some 17.000 men, women. :•"!
children, chose to come to Taiwan »'
the i roops.
This proves very clearly lhal the V'1"
population on the Chinese mainland |,;"|
supply the Communisl army with '"',
very few reliable soldiers. Bul on ''''
contrary, it is the main reservoir I''"],
which Free China will draw its strenpr
to defeat lhe Ceiinniunisls. The I"'!'!',',.
support is a gigantic though invinci''
force, ll will decide the outcome of ",'
ami gives us absolute guarantees for v
(,). Communisl agents directed oj'
the Kremlin in Moscow have' been hi?"'
successful in infiltrating virtnallv •"•"
country in the world. Is there cviu''!'..
of a Communisl fifth column opera"
\. \\ here there is weakness, ll".''''','.
Communist infiltration. Bul there is
lie Communist activity in Taiwan
FACTS FORUM NEWS, April, '"
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