'"iiiil.i Ihis kind of Soviel attack.
Dn lhe contrary, in accepting lln
pi peacetime compulsorj military
"'>'■ in- have already losl one of lhe
"nporlanl battles in the greal w;
''Ve the American way uf life."'
We have sent American soldiers to
die on foreign soil in three wars in one'
HWeralion ostensibly to resist the
I'fcad eef dictatorships. Wheel is the es-
'•''Hied feature of dictatorship? Compul-
'"'y military s,i \ ice.
Why did vvc repudiate our own traditions and ideals in 1940 and adopt
'""ipulsory military service, the very
"ling thai we haled mosl aboul Ihe die-
Don'l you remember? W c were told
™l the draft law would keep us mil ol
" lln- only way for us lo avoid war
l'K lo mobilize, build up such massive
">ilitary slrengtb lhal Ihe dictators
"""Id 'leave us alone.
So we mobilized. On October 16.
''"■ all Vmerican men in the
-'roups registered for lln- firsl pe-ai'
'' ilialt in American history. That
Il;ls going to keep us oul of war. Tbe
*xl year wr wenl to war.
As early a- 194 I. while the weir was
■till going on and the people wen- likely
0 hike- anything, our lop leaders began
' luiel drive in fasten compulsory mili-
'lry service on lhe nation permanently
.'V adopting universal mililarv Irain-
RECKLESS HASTE AND WASTE
' hey didn't gel ii done, however. In
'"'• our leaders led us a fantastic dis-
,""'1' in the' opposite direction. W ll
l^kless ivaste and haste-, we- demobil-
'''I. Overnight we junked, dumped in
1 ocean, anil gave' away lhe greatest
??"ection of fighting equipment in lhe
"'story of the world'.
'bal - - together wilh secrel agree-
' hi.ii Roosevelt and Truman had
I',11"1'' wilh Stalin at Teheran. Yalta, anel
"ls|lam created all over lhe world
e,,'" less than five years after World
<ir II ended, we were eil weir again
|.-''"'i^l the puppets of our partner in the
[/"'ted Nations, our former gallant ally:
Hie drive for u
I started all over again.
mversal imbl uv Ii
or many critical months, the Ameri-
I ' people apparently paid no attention
I what was going on in Washington
*e schemes for FAIT.
I '"i suddenly there came a swellim
Rpursl of pul.Ii.- indignation, whicl
'v their silence, gave approval in
i,as shelved hv ei roll-call vote in the
'j','- ..,, March 5. 1952.
l'out months later July, 1952 our
. major political parties nominated
( ' iiiiilielaie's for lhe presidency two
11 whu were on record eis Favoring
universal military training: Adiai Stevenson and Dwight D. Eisenhower.'
\liir lln- election, Eisenhower indi-
i elle el thai he' weelllel not ask for a I Mi
Bul this reserve service plan of his js.
in essentials, identical with ihe scheme
thai was lulled universal military training In 1952.
lhe re-serve' si-rv ice is to he a volunteer serviee. hut we' will edso continue
lhe compulsorj draft. The' draft is intended as ei (iiih to make lhe bovs ve»l
imli'iT lor reserve sen ice.-'
If they volunteer, they will be given
-i\ months of actual training and then
placed in an active reserve fin nine anil
a half vcni's. during which time lluv
this Sieiius nl Forces Treaty agreement
wilh mosl ol the 5') nalienis where
American Iroops arc now serving. All
eef them, of course, hem- leiws which an'
strange to Vmerican soldiers. We have
no way of knowing how many of lhe
live hundred some-odd American soldiers already in foreign jails as a result
of this treaty were -cut In jail on
trumped-up charges or for doing some-
thing thai they did not know weis ;i vio-
leilion eef law when they did il.1'
This is lhe kinel ol thing Vmerican
boys musl anticipate if they don't vol-
iniiieT lor Ike-s reserve service plan.1''
Vfter ihe draftees have served their
two-year hitch if they are still alive
and mil in jeiil they are- placed in the
—Wide World Photo
President Eisenhower and members of his National Security Training Commission shown
Dec. 14, 1953, after a report was received from the commission which stated that a military
training system and a draft can be operated at the same time by using a lottery. Left to
right, seated: Eisenhower and Julius Ochs Adler of New York, commission chairman. Standing: Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid, Retired, of Washington; Lt. Gen. Raymond B. McClain of
Oklahoma City, Warren H. Atherton of Stockton, Calif., and Dr. Karl T. Compton of Cambridge. Mass.
musl attend eliill one night every week
and go to summer encampment two
weeks euii of every year. The military
has them on lap and in hand for ten
If a hoy docs mil volunteer for ibis
service, he will be drafled and assigned
le. the' leasl desirable service for a two-
year hitch. The draftee, moreover, can
be shipped overseas.8
This is mosl important because', when
..ur Senate ratified the Siaius of Forces
Treaty in July. 1953. we gave away the'
constitutional rights of our soldiers serving overseas and surrendered criminal
jurisdiction over them lo foreign governments.
II in Vmerican soldier gets in trouble
in France anil comes before a Communist judge, tbe American Army can no
longer gel him and try hint in em American military court. America must turn
her back on her own soldier and let the
I ommunist judge have- him. We have
FORUM NEWS, April, 1955
active reserve, along wilh the volunteers,
where' they too musl sorve mil their ten
years by attending weekly drills and
AH this in the name of national de-
fe'iisi'! Defense againsl what?15
Recall whal ei terrible strain it is on
us—powerful as we' are every time we
send our armies across lhe oceans to
save somebody from something or other.
There is no nation or group of nalions
on earth—and that includes all of ihem
pul together—which could gel enough
men and materiel on our shores to make
;i successful land invasion of our homeland.18
Obviously, tbe millions of half-trained
boys the Pentagon wants an- nol needed
in defend America against that kind of
attack. No one in bis right mind believes
lhal such an attack will ever be made.
Hut if one' were, we would not need a
compulsory mililarv service law lo make
American men defend America. The