military training would be a greal help."
to) From the standpoint of the nun
as well as the nation, it would provide
for the fulfillment of military duty al
the time that entailed least disruption of
civilian life. After once serving his active time, no young man would be
called away from home' except in an
emergency; and that possibility would
exist with or without the reserve training program.9
101 It would eliminate injustice to
veterans by providing for a democratic
sharing of the liability for national defense.
Many arguments have been raised
ageiinst the reserve training program,
mosl eif which, when examined carefully, have liltli- or no merit.1'
One argument is that the reserve program is valueless because of lhe development of push-button warfare based on
the use ol siipei weapons in place of
masses eef military manpower. None of
our military or scientific leaders, however, agrees that we- have- reached the
tlay when we can fight a war without
men. On the contrary, each new elcvii-
eipiniiii in warfare increases the number of men and thc degree of training
The nexl argument, then, sn- lhal
si\ niniiilis is to,, short for worthwhile
training. The answer lo this argument is
thai anv training program must represent ;i balance between lhe requirements
nl' ihe military departments and the
competing considerations of ihe civilian
economy and of family life. There are
many weapons ami mililarv operations
that lake six. eight, or even leu years In
master. But ranking officers of lhe
Army. Navy, einel Air Force are unanimous in their conviction lhal si\ months
of intensive basic training, plus reserve
duty, will represenl a genuine contribution toward preparedness.9
There is edso ihe- ever-present argu-
meni lhal the program will lead to militarism and lhe building up of ei military caste system in this country, lhe
possibility thai six months of training
will turn our youth into militarists seems
unworthy of a serious consideration
when one considers the absence of any
militaristic <\,\i\i among the millions eef
American veterans who spent years em
combat duty in Iwn world wars and
then took their places among our nnesi
responsible ami peaceful citizens ;es soon
is they returned to their homes. ] he
reserve program concept is geared to
reduce, rather than enhance, the danger
eif militarism in lhe United Stairs. It
eliminates the need for maintaining a
large' standing force' over a greal number of veeirs: il provides for the' nio-l
equitable distribution of the' security
burden, thus reinforcing the democratic
ideal: and it actually permits mole' e ivi-
lian control than ;i standing army program does.8
The exigencies of lln- international
situation thai faces us simply do mil
permit continued delay in the matter of
universal military training. If we hope
—Wid« World Photo
A draft bill that included for the first time a start toward universal military training was
siqned into law June 19, 1951, by President Truman. Defense Secretary George Marshall
(right) and Mrs. Anna Rosenberg (center], Assistant Secretary of Defense, were among
those witnessing the ceremony.
-Wide World PW"
The late Dr. Karl T. Compton
in prevent a hot wen. or lo defend o"1
selves if war should come, wc n"1'
adopt Presidenl Eisenhower's miliffl
service plan, and we- must provide _l1
fi< it-nl appropriations to administer '
Thai vvas one side of the question*
Now comes the opposite side- eirllt''
menls of some who DO NOT approve
of Eisenhower's new military service plan.
Wi. KNOW lhal lhe Soviets' first •"'
of attack againsl America is b""1
within, America is infinitely more P",
erfiil litem lhe Seevi.t I nion—so *u,
more powerful that lhe >eevieis ,'"""'
even begin lo think aboul conquering
until they have dangerously weakejB
us internally. They have been in ''.
phase of the attack againsl America'
years. This is nol a military opcrat'
and we cannot de\ ise any militar)
lenses againsl it. This is a war of i'"'
a battle for the minds of men.10 I
The Sovii'l shock troops in litis l':1,
arc Vmerican traitors members "'
Communisl patty and their syinp:'"'
• is ami the' misguided iele'edi-ls "
unwittingl) ,|o their work lor ill,'"1' ,
II. by infiltration ami subversion! I
Communists could cul us loose fro* I
r e- -
moorings ol our own traditions
principle's and n tional pride, and 1
paic ii- to accept whal they call .
wave '.I the future, the planned '''j
omy. the Socialist state they couWJ
slroy the American constitutional I
tern and integrate America into then
I iiii,n of Soviel Socialisl llii1"''.
without firiiiL' a shot or landing ■'
elicr on our shores.10
Obviously, Ike's proposed reser*"
partially-trained soldiers won'l I"'1'
FACTS FOUUM NEWS, Apri
. lhe) did
a'h our |e
Pee in ll
'"story of t
Ne will, <
<>"<' va. ne
,,.'" less |
H:'f II end
S* Soviel I
; the drive
, °r manv
/"'■ bv the
. out sudd
j',1-" on A'
I, ''"ur mm
" who v