INITIAL RECEIVING POINT
9TH INF DIVISION
A" PeTrsonnel Reporting
T° Fopt Dix x
INITIAL RECEIVING POINT
9If INF DIVISION
All Personnel ReportinO
to Fort Dix *
—Wide World Pholos
Recruits arriving at Fort Din, N. J„ find
*• that if doesn't take the Army long to
Qr|sform them from civilians into soldiers.
ftve well over three million nun under
!'""- enough Inr any aspiring dictator
he knew how lei manipulate them
|.'"l llohildv si I Ills ll) lllillk lllCy pill Hill
"oerties in jeopardy."
, Actually, Eisenhower's proposal would
''ii'ei-i. i|,,. standing armed forces re-
''"ig the danger oi militarism.
t\ot since the British came up the
/."""iele and burned the Capitol. Lhe
r lll(' House, and the Treasury have we
",(l the possibility ol an attack upon
|'"r own homeland. We have been for-
! "al'' iii fighting mu' war- away From
n" home soil, We can no longer expeel
Jl advantage. There can be no ques-
A°,n that the Soviets have both the
O-ren.v.1. i ..
,,'iomh and the H-bomb, and they have
? "tag-range facilities to deliver them.
d.r^31" should come, we would bene to
Njj^il ourselves againsl air attacks.'
, •ls''nbower"s reserve plan is actually
M ^ version of the Minnie Man who
fli""'- tiniskil in hand, ready to spring
n 'nc defense when his nation was
||v.e?'ened and return lo his civilian en-
Jl!tles "Inn the lineal was pul down.
j, concept of the citizen-soldier has
, ''' lo recommend il. No nation, nol
I,." 'he Soviel dictatorship, can main-
i; n continuously the level of mobilize-
,.,'' required by all-out hostilities. The
|i h"uli| not only be prohibitive, Iml
|,r( subtraction of able manpower from
in,. rv''rV age and every nation a bal-
Must be- struck between ready and
H'}'' elements of the armed forces.
|w "'"al situation is an adequate man-
in(.r''r I'ool in reserve lhat can he swifllv
*Porated into a regular organiza
tion, with a minimum ol red tape and
refresher training and without serious
disruplion of the domestic economy.'
PREJUDICE BROKEN DOWN
While Americans have traditionally
been opposed lo universal conscription.
lhe experiences of World War II and of
ihe Korean war have broken down mee-i
of lhe prejudice. We em- mew awakened
lo lhe need for a fair, ilea ralie. anil
effective method of building up the' nation s defenses, wilh equal responsibility
Karl T. Compton, who headed Presidenl Truman's commission on I MT,
has outlined lhe necessity for some kind
of national security training:8
(1) Ii would acl as a deterrent to
Soviel aggression and a,- a strong support to the freedom-loving peoples of
lhe earth in their efforts to establish
the rule of international law and justice
through the United Nalions. By providing an enduring base for our military
Strength, we can negate the Seiviei
scheme lo enslave the world and. by the
same token, strengthen lln- will l" rcsisi
of those who are ahead) under the
Kremlin's heel or vulnerable in lius-iem
(2) Ii would give us maximum security al minimum cost. Ihe mosl expensive type of national defense is the
kind we have now the kind lhal is
measured by lhe number of men we
have under arms at any given moment.
Il is lhe niosi expensive in terms of dollars and in ils drain of productive manpower."
(3) If war shoulil come, il would reduce lhe lime required for total mobilization. Even under our present costly
system we do not begin lo have' lhe men
in the armed forces lhal would he needed
lo fight a large-scale war. We would
have to call up three men from civilian
life' for every one now in uniform. How
quickly those men could be trained and
organized into combat units mighl rep-
resent the margin between survival ami
extinction for our country.'
It) ll represents the besl hope for a
meaningful civil defense organization,
competent lo deal with a sudden and
vicious attack upon our cities. In every
community, there would be men whose
FORUM NEWS, April, ,!>:>',
—Wide World Photos
(Top left) U.S. Navy blimp hovers over the U.S.S. Forrestal, giant 60-thousand-ton carrier; (top right) Army's two-stage "bumper" rocket at the long-range proving ground at
Cocoa, Fla.; (lower left) Europe-bound infantrymen parade up Broadway: (lower right) Air
Force pilots dash to jet fighter-interceptors during practice maneuvers in defending coastal
area from possible attack.