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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 4, April 1955
File 011
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 4, April 1955 - File 011. 1955-04. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. May 22, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1259/show/1200.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-04). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 4, April 1955 - File 011. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1259/show/1200

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 4, April 1955 - File 011, 1955-04, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed May 22, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1259/show/1200.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 4, April 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date April 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 011
Transcript IN BEHALF OF OPPENHEIMER During the hearings before the AEC Personnel Security Board (Gray Board) April 12- May 6, 1954, a succession of distinguished character witnesses testified regarding their confidence in Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer. As the Paul Crouch narrative is unfolded during fhe next few months, FACTS FORUM NEWS will publish contrasting statements by leading scientists and government officials who worked with Oppenheimer. The first of these is the famous scientist Dr. Hans Bethe. Future issues will include statements by David E. Lilienthal, George F. Kennan. John J. McCloy, and James B. Conant. // iiness: Id. II,in- Bethe Intern,cult,r: Herbert S. \leuks Date: Vpril 19, 1954 Q. lb. Bethe, will wen please identify yourself ami give a little account of your professional background? \. I am a professor of physics. I have '"''■ii a professor eel I lornell I niversity »inee 1935. I have hen at Cornell ail uie time except during the war years )vlien I was absent em war work, includ- ">g ei prolonged stay al Los Uamos scientific Laboratory. I .mi also Ihi- year the presidenl of ""' American Physical Society. Q. A eeu ail' a member also ol the ''ti'eu.il \< euleiin nl Science? \. I am. 7 An- you an American <ii izen ? \. v.. V- Bv naturalization ? \. Ves. Q. \\ hen did you come to ihis country? A. In 1935. V And where eliel you come' from? . v I came originally from Germany. '''ft Germany in 1933 because eel the '"i persecutions when I knew lhal I '""I'l ne,i hold office under lhe' Nazi '"-iine-. I firsl wenl to England and then ';i111'' te. ihis country. V- Since' the weir years llelM' you held connection with the atomic energy Ingram? A- Yes, I have. I have been a con- '■'''I'j *u«anl i.e several laboratories of lhe w" ' ^'"iiiir Energy Commission. I have ,l"''il nuisi e.f mv consultations for Ihe '"" Vlamos Laboratory. I have almost pSularly spent summers ai I.e.- Uamos **<* 1949, I believe. 1 have taken off * *J»oIe semester in the spring of 1952 help the I..is Alamo- work. •'• Ih.ve would you describe your "'"■ as thai of a consultant ? A('Ts FORUM NEWS, April, 1955 \. I .tin a consultant on matters of theoretical physics. I believe I am one of the chief consultants in theoretical physics lo Los Alamos. Q. What was your firsl acquaintance w ith Dr. Oppenheimer? \. I first mcl Dr. Oppenheimer very briefly during ;i meeting of the German Physical Society al a regional section of il in 1929. Q, Whim was your next connection with him? V. The lust that I remember was in 1910 on the occasion of a meeting of the American Physical Society al Seattle, Wash. Q. What have been your associations in contacts with him since' thai time? A. I have seen him quite frequently, especially we had a very deep association during the Los Alamos time, during the weir, when he weis the director of the laboratory, and I weis the leader of the theoretical division of Los Ala- n. en him How often bene vo since the war'.'' A. I would say an average of perhaps three lime's a year, some years more. senile' years less. Q. Have these contacts since' the war hail anything lo do wilh your official connections wilh lhe atomic energy program ? A. Acs. many of the contacts had. Some wile- purely on matters of physics outside lhe eilomir energy program, bul many of our contacts have been connected wilh the alomie energy program I in my capacity as consultant to Los Alamos, and he in his capeirii\ .is chairman of ihe General Advisory Committee nol that these contacts were' also formal in a meeting of the \dvisorj Committee, bul we often talked about these mailers. —Wide World Photo Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer Q. Mow far back does your own familiarity with Dr. Oppenheimer's political associations ami activities go? A. I heard aboul his political inclination in 193,S from some good friends of ours, Dr. Weisskopf ami Dr. Placzek, who is mentioned in Dr. Oppenheimer's euiseee'i letter, and I understood from them lhal lie was inclined rather far tee the left. Q. Coming le. the weak em lln- atomic bomb, would you tell us briefly aboul the pari lhal you ami In- played in the work on ihis subject before I.os Alamos was formed and then subsequently during lhe I.os Alamos days? A. Our association began in 1942, on ihis mailer. Dr. Oppenheimer called together ei group "I ii e'lireil physicists, to eliscuss the w.i\ hi.w an atomic bomb could he' assembled. This weis ;i small group of about seven people' or so. \\V met in Berkeley for lln- summer of 1912. We firsl thought it would In' a very simple thing lo figure mil ihis problem. and we soon saw lu.w wrong we were'. Q. Whal aboul 1...- Uamos? When did you join lhe I.os \leimi.s group? A. Between thai time and I.os Alamos, the' firsl was the time when Los Alamos weis being created. 11 was a very hard task lo create ihis laboratory. Mosl scientists were already involved in wen weak very deeply and it required somebody of very greal enthusiasm lo per- suade them to leave their jobs and lo join the new enterprise of Los Alamos. I think nobody else could have done ihis than Dr. Oppenheimer. He wassuc- cessful in gelling together ei group of really outstanding people. At Los Alam.es. as I mentioned be- (Continued "n Page i:\) Page ii 53
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