win an enduring peace. \\c recognize
fully the supreme responsibility resting
upon us and all the United Nations to
make a peace which will command the
pood will of the overwhelming mass of
the peoples of the world and banish the
scourge and ti'rror of war for many
FIRST BLUEPRINT PREPARED
The first actual blueprint of this in-
lernational organization which came to
he called the' United Nations was prepared al a conference between the representatives of China, Greal Britain, the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and
the United States, held at a mansion
known as Dumbarton Oaks in Washington, D.C. The conference concluded on
October 7. 1914. when the proposals for
lhe structure of the world organization
were published. Extensive public discussion followed in Allied countries.10
According to the Dumbarton Oaks
proposals, the key body in the United
Nations for preserving world peace wets
to be the Security Council on which
ihe "Big Five" China. France, the
U.S.S.I!., the United Kingdom, and the
I nited States—were' to be permanently
represented. The proposals, however,
elid neei specify the voting procedure in
the Council. This was discussed at Yalta
al ;i conference between Roosevelt,
('hiiri hill, eiiid Stalin. On February 11,
1945, the Big Three announced from
"i edla that ihis |ininl held been settled.
They declared their resolve lei establish,
ni the earliest possible moment, a general international organization to main-
leiin peace eeml security.10
The ^alla declaration announced a
Big Three agreemenl that a conference
of the I nited Nations would be called
to meet at San Francisco on the twenty-
fifth of r\pril, 19 15, in prepare the charter for the I N, along the lines proposed
in the informal conversations of Dumbarton Oelk-.1"
Delegates of 50 nations mel al Seen
Indian carriers transport milk supplied by
At right, a seven-year-old Guatemalan enjoys
26. 1945. Working on the Dumbarton
Oeeks proposals, on the Yalta agreements,
eiud on amendments proposed by various
governments, the conference' hammered
out the Charier of the United Nations
and the Statute of the new International
Court of Justice. The Charter was approved unanimously and signed by all
It came into force on October 24,
1945, when China, France, the U.S.S.R.,
the United Kingdom, and the I nited
States, and a majority of thc other
signers, had filed their instruments of
Today, the United Nations and its
affiliated agencies arc under bitter attack in the United States. Who are
these people seeking to drive the United
Nations from our shores, and who try
he pin the label of "Communist" or
"fellow traveler1 on every supporter of
For the mosl part, the people who attack the I nited Nations arc neo-Fascists,
Communisl witch-hunters, crackpots,
—Wide World PnoW>
UNICEF to rural school children in Guatemala,
There is, of course, another kind ol
opposition lo lhe United Nations — the
critical opposition of distinguished organizations such eis the American Iiar
Association, which has raised serioiU
questions concerning possible conflM
between powers embodied in the United
Nations and the provisions of the United
In lhe final analysis, however, criti-
eisin eel the- I nited Nations is criticism
of the work einel motives of those who
have labored for the success of U>e
1 nited Nations.
\\ ho are these supporters of the I N>
A li.-l of them would include the Hi"'"1
minds and greatest statesmen of th*
One of the outstanding American sup'
porters of the United Nations i~ Mi*
Eleanor Roosevelt. Mrs. Roosevelt l|3"
tirelessly given her time and efforl t0
lhe cans,- of the I nited Nations. She ba!
devoted her energies primarily in i'"'
lidils eef social and economic advance-
ment for all people. Her work on II"
Commission of Human lii'jhls result1,11
President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill met aboard a British battleship
at sea August 10, 1941.
-Wid« World Pl»'
FDR, Churchill, and Stalin around the conference table at Yalta in 1945.
*!*> and v,
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l VCTS FORUM NEWS, April, '"'''