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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 4, April 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 4, April 1955 - File 005. 1955-04. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 20, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1259/show/1194.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-04). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 4, April 1955 - File 005. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1259/show/1194

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 4, April 1955 - File 005, 1955-04, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 20, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1259/show/1194.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 4, April 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date April 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 005
Transcript voifthe UNITED NATIONS ID a" Smoot a|n, al ihis time, initiating a series of '"s'lissieens eil I lln- I nited Nations. rails Forum's notion of pro and con ls, of course', lee present ;i subject from "*o exactly o]>posite points of view. '•ni' sincere and legitimate view is !'u" the' United \eili..ns is ||„. world's <lsl (and perhaps lasl 1 hope for peace 111 earth that the United Nations is Potentially the finest political achieve- ""''il m ihr twentieth century.1 'nother equally sincere and legitime view is thai ihe United Nations **8 conceived in treachery, fobbed off "" an unsuspecting anil war-weary ,l'"l'l as something good, when actu- ''"> ii weis ;i \e,s| Communist conspiracy 0 destroy American institutions and Drepare Vmerica for integration into a Peat Soviet, Socialisl one world.0 In the Facta Forum articles on ""■ I nited Neiilons. lhe I'M will hi' discussed from these two opposite l"'iiu- of view. Nme. le-i's consider the lirsi topic 1,1 Ihis series: Wheel \.;es |he origin: , '° were the originators; what wen* ''"' re-al purposes of tlie United "ations? , lirsi ih,. vi,.„s nl those who tike il„. rjN. I "'• I nilcd Nations was basically an * American idea. Presidenl Roosevell j 'he men around him. looking with t(''lr"'' upon lhe chaos of World War II. L*,J''d thai ihis heileieeiusl mighl have i,r,''" prevented if there hail been an „, 'live- international organization to '•Hi 'l„ '"'anic,. peace sremc kind of organi- '"'i ivhich would bind the nations of | world into ;t pad for collective se- ■ "v anil give ih,.ni ei forum for con- .mi",'!"" contact, exchange of ielceis. and [: ?"' debate: ei place where they could ,. ' "nl their differences around the ,lf"|ll'l''in'.' table instead .if on the field "battle. ah. I"1" the beginning of lln- wartime |>r.'"'.''' between the Soviel Union. Greal ♦el'.,"1 ■ •""' ''•'' United States, Roose- (j. "'|iiiiiiU sacrificed political inter- il,. ;" bome and abroad and worked with Ti'le.. ' - * determination to forge- this ailing, '"' "in into ei permanent alliance as "' ' nited States took the lead anel Photo' | ,,(| »<';l almosi the full burden of the Unit jr "ll''l,ilila,i"M activities of the Nations for peace. ' Ps FORUM NEWS, April, 1955 UNRRA (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration) - which literally saved millions of homeless Eu- ropeans from starving and set them on the mad lo salvaging their war-ravaged homelands was directed by Americans and financed almost exclusively by America.6 None ol the humanitarian activities of the United Nations such as the I nited Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (I NICEF), which has saved hundreds of thousands of homeless children from starvation throughout the world would have hen possible' without Inited Stall's leadership and financial support. None of lhe United Nations programs for bringing learning and economic development to backward and war-devastated areas could have been possible without American leadership and financial support.7 I In I nited Nations Declaration of Hum.in Rights, the Genocide Pact, and the various other social and political conventions created by the International l.alior Organization, the Human Rights Commission, and the Economic and Social Council of the I nited Nations, bear the mark of American leadership. The' liisi way lo disprove the vicious allegalion lhal lhe I 'nited Nalions is a Communisl plot is to trace the steps taken by the nations of the free world in establishing the UN. The first step weis the London Declaration, signed on June 12. 1011. by the representatives of Britain, Canada, Aus- tralia, New Zealand, and South Africa, and of the exiled governments of Helium, Czechoslovakia-. Greece, Luxemburg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Yugoslavia, and by General DeGaulle of France.8 SOCIAL SECURITY FOR ALL This document stales that the only true basis of enduring peace is ihe willing cooperation of free peoples in a world in which, relieved of the menace of aggression, all may enjoy economic and social security.8 Now. note thai the United Stales did not siizn ibis London declaration. The inieni and purposes of ibis declaration were reaffirmed, however, in the Atlantic Charter, signed on Angus) 1 1. 1941. by Presidenl Roosevelt and Prime Min- ister Churchill.8 Tin- Atlantic Charter expressed the hope thai after the final destruction of Nazi tyranny, a peace could be established which would afford lo all nations the means of dwelling in safety within their own boundaries, and which would afford assurance that all the men in all the lands might live out their lives in freedom from fear and freedom from want." Roosevelt and Churchill expressed the desire to bring aboul the fullest collaboration between all nalions in lhe eco- noinie field, with the objective of securing—for all—improved labor standards, economic advancement, and social security. UN TO PREVENT WAR Less than five months later January 1. 1012 the United Nations Declaration was signed by representatives of 26 nations in Washington. This declaration restated the principles expressed in the Atlantic Charter and widened lhe area of cooperation among the nations allied againsl Japan, Ileilv. and Germany. In addition lo the 26 nations which originally signed ihis first formal UN dec- laration, other nations which were rendering material assistance and contributing In the struggle for victory over Hitlerism were invited lo join. Twenty- one nalions did later sign the pact.'" This was the actual beginning of the United Nations Organization. Here, in the midst of the mosl terrible war the world has ever known—at a time when an allied victory was nol even certain— the leading statesmen of the world sought lo find some' means to prevent further wens and to ensure political, economic and military security for all the peoples of the world. On November 1, 1943, a statement signed in Moscow lev Molotov of Russia. Eden of Britain, Hull of the United Sialcs. and lhe Chinese Ambassador to thc Soviet Union, declared: "'They (the Foreign Ministers of the four great powers) recognize the necessity of establishing at the earliest practicable eleile a general international or- gani/eition. based on lhe principle of tbe sovereign equality of all peace-loving stales, and open to membership lev all such stales, large and small, for the maintenance of international peace and security."10 Two months later, Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill, meeting eil Teheran, de- clared: "W i- eire1 sure that our concord will Page :! £
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