the sway of free competition within the
domain of knowledge.
"Undoubtedly," it will be said, "religious, moral, philosophical and juridical ideas have been modified in the
course of historical development. But
religion, morality, philosophy, political
science, and law constantly survived this
"There are, besides, eternal truths.
such as freedom, justice, etc., that are
common to all states of society. But
communism abolishes eternal truths; it
abolishes all religion and all morality
instead of constituting them on a new-
basis; it therefore acts in contradiction
to all past historical experience."
What does this accusation reduce
itself to? The history of all past society
has consisted in the development of
class antagonisms, antagonisms that
assumed different forms at different
But whatever form they may have
taken, one fact is common to all pa-t
ages, viz., the exploitation of one part
of society by another. No wonder, then,
that the social consciousness of past
ages, despite all the multiplicity and
variety it displays, moves within certain
common forms or general ideas which
cannot completely vanish except with
the total disappearance of class antagonisms.
The Communist revolution is the mo^t
radical rupture with traditional property relations; no wonder that its development involves the most radical rupture with traditional ideas.
We have seen above that the first step
in the revolution by the working class
is to raise the proletariat to the position
of ruling class, to win the battle of
The proletariat will use its political
supremacy, to wrest, by degrees, all
capital from the bourgeoisie; to centralize all instruments of production in
the hands of the state, i.e., of the proletariat organized as the ruling class;
and to increase the total of productive
forces as rapidly as possible.
Of course, in tbe beginning, this cannot be effected except by means of
despotic inroads on the rights of property and on the conditions of bourgeois
production, by means of measures,
therefore, which appear economically
insufficient and untenable but which.
in the course of the movement, outstrip
themselves, necessitate further inroads
upon the old social order, and are unavoidable as a means of entirely revolutionizing the mode of production.
These measures will of course be different in different countries.
Nevertheless in the most advanced
countries the following will be pretty-
1. Abolition of property in land and
application of all rents of land to
2. A heavy progressive or graduated
3. Abolition of all right of inheritance.
4. Confiscation of the property of all
emigrants and rebels.
5. Centralization of credit in the
hands of the state by means of a national bank with state capital and an
6. Centralization of the means of
FACTS FORUM NEWS BELIEVES THAT:
The presentation of unpleasant facts is also essential. Most
Americans never see an unquestionably Communist publication.
Yet it is vital to our interests to know what the Communists have
said and are saying. Instead of claiming; that this, that, or the
other "reflects Communist thought" or "follows the party line,"
we reproduce material from the Daily Worker, the Communisl
party's open New York newspaper, and from other often-talkod-
about—but to the average American mysterious—Communist
documents, such as the Manifesto. We do not know how- it is
unfair to the Communists to publish their material for them, but
we imagine it will be said that it is.
The only thing that would be unfair—to the American people
—would be to publish it without a clear indication of what it is
and where we got it. Therefore we label the material plainly, and
give its source. It is Mistaken to avoid reading Communist material. It is also Mistaken to read it without knowing what you are
reading. Of course the material itself is Mistaken.
hands of the state.
7. Extension of factories and instruments of production owned b) ''■
state, the bringing into cultivation
waste lands, and the improvement '
the soil generally in accordance with1
8. Equal liability of all lo labor. I
tablishment of industrial armies, espf
cially for agriculture.
9. Combination of agriculture »'■'
manufacturing industries; gradual &""
lition of the distinction between tow,
and country by a more equable dist"
biition of population over the count1!
10. Free education for all child''
in public schools. Abolition of ?li'
dren's factory labor in its present f°r
Combination of education with in*1"
trial production, etc., etc.
When, in the course of develops*
class distinctions have disappeared
all production has been concentra"
in the hands of a vast association
the whole nation, the public power *
lose its political character. Polit'*
power, properly so-called, is merely!
organized power of one class for sw
pressing anolher. If the proletariat f
ing its contest with the bourgeois*
compelled, by the force of cinj
stances, to organize itself as a claSlB
lev means of a revolution, il makes it*
lhe ruling class and. as such. -"'''
away by force the old conditions
production, then il will, along with B*
ditions for t
tagonisms and of
will thereby have aboli
supremacy as a class.
In place of the old bourgeois sod
with its classes and class antagonj
we shall have an association in ' ,-
the free development of each >s
condition for the free developm?"
In short, the Communists every**1
support every revolutionary movj
againsl the existing social and p0'1
order of things.
In all these movements they I"'"'
the front, as lhe leading quest"
swept away the
• ln-,1 ils
each, the properly question—no l"j
what ii- degree of developmenl :'
finally, they laboi everywhere
the union and agreemenl ,,l the ''
cratic parlies of all countries.
The Communists disdain to ''"'.
their views and aims. They opcH'.u /J
elan- that their end
only by the forcible overthrow ''■
existing social conditions. Let lhe '.
classes tremble al a Communisl r.'I
tion. The proletarians have notWJ
lee-e- but their chains. They have' "
Working men of all countries,
FACTS FORUM NEWS, February'