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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 064. 1955-02. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 25, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1183.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-02). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 064. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1183

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 064, 1955-02, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 25, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1183.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date February 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 064
Transcript COMMUNIST MANIFESTO (Continued from Page 8) upon, steam and machinery revolutionized industrial production. The place of manufacture was taken by the giant. Modern Industry, the place of the industrial middle class by industrial millionaires—the leaders of whole industrial armies, the modern bourgeoisie. Modern Industry has established the world market, for which the discovery of America paved the way. This market iias given an immense development to commerce, to navigation, to communication by land. This development has. in its turn, reacted on the extension of industry: and in proportion as industry, commerce, navigation, railways extended, in the same proportion the bourgeoisie developed, increased ils capital, and pushed into the background every class handed down from the Middle Ages. We sec. therefore, how the modern bourgeoisie is itself the product of a long course of development, of a series of revolutions in the modes of production and of exchange. • » # » * The bourgeoisie, by tbe rapid improvement of all instruments of production, by the immensely facilitated means of communication, draws all—even the most barbarian—nations into civilization. The cheap prices of its commodities are the heavy artillery with which it bailers down all Chinese walls, with which it forces the barbarians intensely obstinate hatred of foreigners to capitulate. It compels all nation-, on pain of extinction, to adopt the bourgeois mode of production; it compels them to introduce what it calls civilization into their midst, i.e.. to become bourgeois themselves. In a word, it creates a world after its own image. » a * * * The bourgeoisie, during its rule of scarce one hundred years, has created more massive and more colossal productive forces than have all preceding generations together. Subjection of nature's forces to man. machinery: application of chemistry lo industry and agriculture, steam navigation, railway-, electric telegraphs; clearing of whole continents for cultivation; canalization of rivers; whole populations conjured out of the ground—what earlier century had even a presentiment that such productive forces slumbered in the lap of social labor? » » * * * In proportion as the bourgeoisie, i.e., capital, is developed, in the same proportion is the proletariat, the modern winking class, developed—a class of laborers who live only so long as they find work, and who find work only see long as their labor increases capital. These laborers who must sell themselves Page 62 piecemeal are a commodity, like ever) ather article of commerce, and are consequently exposed to all the vicissitudes of competition, to all the fluctuations of the market. * • a * * The lower strata of the mi,I,lie class —the small tradespeople, shopkeepers, and retired tradesmen generally, the handicraftsmen and peasants—all these sink gradually into the proletariat, partly because their diminutive capital does not suffice for the scale on which Modern Industry i- carried on and is swamped in the compel il inn with the large capitalists, partly because their specialized skill is rendered worthless by new methods of production. Thus the proletariat is recruited from all classes of the population. * * * * » This organization of the proletarians into a class, and consequently into a political party, is continually being upset again l.\ the competition between ihe workers themselves. But it ever rises up again, stronger, firmer, mightier. Il compels legislative recognition of parti- rular interests eef lhe workers by taking advantage »>i the divisions ;ir11 <>n-_* the bourgeoisie itself. * » * * Finally, in times when the class struggle nrars the derisive bour, lhe process eef dissolution going on within the ruling class—in fact, within the whole range of old society—assumes such a violent, glaring character that a small section of the ruling class nils itself adrift and joins the revolutionary class, the class thai holds thc future in il- hands. Just as. therefore, at an earlier period, a section of the nobilit) wenl over lo the bourgeoisie, so now a portion of the bourgeoisie goes over lo (he proletariat and. in particular, a portion of the bourgeois ideologists who have raised themselves to the level of comprehending theoretically the historical movements as a whole. (If all lhe classes thai -land face lo face with the bourgeoisie today, the proletariat alone is a really revolutionary class. The other classes decay and finally disappear in the fare of Modern Industry: the proletariat is it- special and essential product. a » # a n The development of Modern Industry, therefor,', cuts from under ils feel the very foundation on which the bour- .'eeii-ie' produces and appropriales products. What the bourgeoisie therefore produces, above all. are its own grave- diggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletarial are equally iui-\ itable. II Proletarians and Communists In what relation do the Communists stand to the proletarians as a who' The Communists do not form a * arate party opposed to other work* class parties. They have no interest separate ' apart from those of the proletarial I whole. They do not set up any sectarian |" ciples of their own by which to sh* and mould the proletarian moverBj The Communists are distinguil from the other working-class parti?1 this only: 1. In lhe national struff of lhe proletarians of the different m tries, they point out and bring I"; front the common interests of the (l proletarial independently of all n"" alily. 2. In the various stage- of dew incut which the struggle of the woll class against the bourgeoisie ha*, pass through, they always ami 4 where represent the interesl o« movemenl as a whole. The Communists, then-line. ""' llie one hand — practically the 1 advanced anil resolute section <m working-class parties <>! every coiij1 that section which pushes forwafj others. On lhe other hand theoretj —they have over the greal mass "' proletarial [he advantage of l'lf' understanding the line- eef marcbJ '■"ii'liiieens anil ihe ultimate genera] -'ill- nl lhe proletarian movement] The immediale aim of th. nists is llii- same a- thai of all the j* proletarian parties — formation °, , proletarial into a class, overthrow ° \ bourgeois supremacy, conquest "' liiieal power b) the proletariat. power society; him of' °f olht Priation It ha "oolitic, will ce; overtax, Accoi oughi |, 11 '--I. member :ll"l ih,, '»ork, I '"'i anoi "f the labor „ PaPital. Vllol "■unistic I'fiating '"""■ we "lunistjc "r°priai '';■ to th °l class 01 prod, •""■<■ of '""Ii the , Thai lamen ts, ■' mere i Bui ,i, "ourgeoi Vo«r l„, "'I the , )01" ho, Wis intend* pi Pr, i on are horrified at our i do away with private property, your existing society, private \'r0<: is already done away with fr>r tenths of the population; ils ex'*' for the few is solely due lo if] existence in the hands of those tenths. You reproach us. llien-l"11 intending lo do away with a f°r property, the necessar) conditio! whose existence i- the nonexisteij any properly for the immense i|,:"' of society. In one word, you reproach "~ intending to do away with your r ^"ce is '"'o a la, ^"•racier by th, of lhal i- |ii-l wl' property, into capital, from tn-J ty. Precisely so intend. From lhe momenl when lab,1''''. longer be converled into capital- ',) or rent—into a social powei capfj being monopolized i.e., from ' meiil when imli\ nlii.il property f' longer be transformed into I" ,' the'. individuality v*l i mi must, therefore, confess ' "indil iiliial" \ mi mean no nil"'1' 1 than the bourgeois, than the class owner of property. This must, indeed, be swepl oul of ' and made impossible. Communism deprives no m;1" FACTS FORUM NEWS, Febr""r1' ment. vnn say, e ec your ( S* yo Sof„ 'orrns S1 mode of e"y-his, "^Ppea, wis ,„ 1 ai>ciem o case c ""- to, t, Vb°l-ti, Propo8al i- '" "I,, Slv. ,| Pletely' J >*onb , ■ state I ■ ::; , ?0ns th, rostitu.io 'ACTS p,
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