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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955
File 049
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 049. 1955-02. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 29, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1168.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-02). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 049. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1168

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 049, 1955-02, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 29, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1168.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date February 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 049
Transcript (< (Madigan): Mr. Johnston, do you think this is a soak the rich" program on the part of the I th' a. ministration? m thi« "lat t,lere are efforts on the part of certain groups the t„v coun'ry — not within the administration — to turn the tax Program into a "soak the rich" program. No, (Madigan) : But it's the administration's proposal, it not? facing 'h'l'k the administration's proposal is one of simply lion wa t cond't'ons as they stand. I think the administrate futnr cut the tax rate for the coming year and for rate wn la' aiM' ' think they already recognize that a lowered hut at <L act,lal|v produce more revenue over a given time; "line t« j moment they tell us that they feel the expedient eVt* '° con'imie thc Present rate. (Madigan): In other words, you are saying that ""s is necessary now, but nevertheless you arc opposed to it? administration seems to feel that it's necessary. I do (Doherty): Treasury Secretary Humphrey has Wld that lhe budget cannot be balanced this coming "seal year. The SLASH DEPARTMENTAL SPENDING hav ,me of & t the mark' i that cap||| that a t' tent to a - However ii.Kreat a(,miration for Secretary Humphrey, in gover here is another factor — a very marked reduction S0VernmenIer,al exPenditures. I have been in and around my share" a RO°d many years and have done, I think, be some '" serving 'n various departments. Now, there may haye nev. ment departments that couldn't do so, but I (llc Befen y<r\ seen a department of government, including for the n f- DePar'ment, that couldn't do an adequate job are now ~ ,"?n "" 2"> Per cent less expenditure than they ,uw making. (Doherty): That's an amazingly high propor- 1011 of cut. Every time the administration brings out a budget, be it a Democratic or a Republican administration, it always says that the budget has »,lenijC," to the Dare hones and any Jisastrous. , rather usual. Nevertheless, it has been my includ- many 'irmen, [*"** v,ul can De maae wiinoui any essential ,nof our defense posture. lUOHERTY): Didn't that atlitud further cuts that cai".-, , ,,.-«uia t,e " are retir'J e^'nk that's , uld norm ms nee in quite a number of government agencies, i ire now yearSj th"*'ense Department where I spent a good < "npairmen, * cut can be made without any ess >t securitjj „,„„.._ ", " _. , . .- . . prevail with II appea t be perl on, whl«B ation of ^ecretary of Defense Louis Johnson in the last ^Ministration, who said he was cutting "fat" and muscle" — yet we found ourselves in a military 'Osture of unreadiness when lhe Korean war broke out? that liniiii 1[ "nreadin m any ever|t we would have been in a position ."? "fat" 1? for 'he Korean war. I am simply talking about ""' *u " ' " " there. Last summer whole »^ nighl '"' have x cut f°r to nav^ enact — & tha» by theJ acconU'% real defense" expentiit"res) without any impairment of our (Madigan): Secretary of Defense Wilson has iir"! ii'hat the defense hudget for fiscaI '56 wi" ohably be five billion dollars more than it is now ri'"""se of Russia's power. Do you feel that this f "'7 ,',s needed for weapons and men and not •Mr. tyji ,"i!""'ig r.01n haa d°ne, I think, a remarkably fine job of here ' . . . . •""::,; efficiency into the Defense Department, but more can and should be I am going to get into a. e is surf, i ncy ,m° 'he ?^ComPlisiW % larce area where ■""hie Zldf- F«i- instance (and r'eht l "Knt now wiik „ ~r _ lough «>K or*' here "n w Vth some of my Kood friends), you have ou are t°\ „, 'hem, tk' i ashlnK'on five military commissaries. In one the Tre»'„ ?,en servin' st ,ime l looked, there were seventy enlisted outright *l0.'"00a vLaScKrocery clerks. It costs the taxpayers about making Si a„a'«ned a*ear for each one of these men in uniform who are a half *$ hna,y,ou ™..u ™ry clerks- That would be $700,000 per year, the pr ' ,i the mt $5,000 > 'ij ncome ' ediC lately „„"". .h're civilians to do thc same job for approx /»,""" 'ess. me i'DiCAN^: Do y°u accuse th9 Defense DcParl exn j- New Loo14" of being one of its wasteful exPenditur FACTS ebruary, pORUM NEWS, February, 19ii By no means. They are going just as fast and as far as they can. Those men are putting in long hours. I have the greatest admiration for what they have been able to achieve, but they are up against a system — civil service, as we all know. Supervisors, by and large, are paid according to the number of people they supervise, not according to the real efficiency of their departments. I think the civil service men are as fine people as there are; I don't mean any discredit to them at all. But most of the individuals will tell you that in their department they don't have enough to do — that they are recruited for maximum performance, yet in the average day's work are not required to put out a maximum performance. (Huri.eigh) : Would you say, then, that a bureau head might have a selfish interest in maintaining a certain number of employees to protect his title and income? Let's not call it "selfiseh interest." Let us say that if a supervisor who is supervising fifty people cuts down his staff to thirty people, he runs a risk of impairing his own promotion and prospects for the future. I Doherty) : Even if we were to cut down approximately 25 per cent in each item of the budget, wouldn't we still have a lot of fixed obligations, such as debts, management and veterans' benefits, the new aid for Asia program, plus a military pay raise? Oh, there are many fixed charges, and we are not going to accomplish this in any one fiscal year or any ten fiscal years, but I think we should continue our very strong efforts toward that. For instance, you mentioned the veterans. The men who are being inducted into service now are getting benefits just like the Korean veterans, and that is costing us 45 million dollars a month extra. Now. these men are not going overseas to Korea to be shot at, and therefore I think we might well save that particular 45 million dollars a month. That is simply typical. HEALTHY ECONOMY—SOUND COUNTRY (Doherty): In view of President Eisenhower's decision to press for tax changes favorable to labor, do you think the administration has turned its back on big business? I can't speak for big business. We in the Chamber of Commerce of the United States represent a large segment of business, and I can't find an adequate line of demarcation between big and small business in this country. All business is subject to the same rules, and in no sense has the administration turned its back on business. I think it recognizes lhat a healthy economy is an absolute essential to a sound country. (Madigan): Mr. Johnston, is business — big or small — for Mr. Eisenhower for a second term? I would think that business is for anyone who will follow a sound economic policy for the country, and I think by and large Mr. Eisenhower's policies do suit the average businessman. (Madigan) : Would you be for him for a second term ? Yes. (Madigan): And you think thai most of business would? I think most businessmen would, yes. e Madigan): Do you, as a businessman and head of the Chamber, favor a lowering of tariffs to permit more foodstuffs and other commodities to come into this country—in line with our "trade, not aid" policy? Our policies favor an increase in our trade with other countries and, I think, along with that would envision an eventual gradual lowering of our trade barriers. Actually, our tariff rates as such are not high. It is the import quotas and things of that sort that are much more disruptive to our international trade than the actual tariff rates. (Madigan) : Mr. Clarence B. Randall, head of the commission appointed by President Eisenhower to study tariffs and foreign trade, pointed out recently that we must lower tariffs and liberalize our trade program; otherwise, other countries will impose damaging trade conditions on us. Will the U.S. Chamber back President Eisenhower and Mr. Randall in this liberalization policy? (Continued on Page 61) Page 47
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