, under I*
ten and f
it has been influenced
'nimunisls, is one of the ino-t
—Wide World Photo
inaton"6? Hollywo°d writers, directors, and producers as they arrived at U.S. court, Wash-
Hou?n' ,,une 22' "50, to face trial on charges of contempt of Congress for defiance of the
Lard Ul,-An,e"ean Activities Committee in 1947. Left to right, Samuel Orniti, Ring
Rem •■' *■■»■* Malti, Alvah Bessie, Lester Cole, Herbert Biberman. Edward Dmytryk.
i.™'"ln9 ""tee of the "Hollywood Ten" (not in photo): Robert Adrian Scott, John Howard
ow»n, and Dalton Trumbo.
, M|i Brewer: The Communists have
"he" de"nitely established as a pan ol
a"',. ">u""d community, at least were
Pari cil I In- Hollywood communit) foi
ten years. Let me say thai the
''"'"'"ui of content of films and the
xlent to uhi
b> the <:,„;
•>"• oversial subjects von can net ,.,-
But , '"■ and ! <l"»'l think we should.
\ think everyone agrees thai Com-
'""."*'* can do it.
( Certainly the motion picture indus
■'''■• •' world wide industry which ap-
world l""";lril>' lo 'he mass,- of the
cent ' ls a Prime targel and 75 per
Worl I' ''" -creenlime in lhe free
. ' ls occupied by American moli.ni
|,;m""'~' Certainly if the Communisl
wind "'" '" '"" <""1"'1 "' the creative
will Hollywood, I think everyone
sof a""'<' thai Ibex could delinileh
.,,. 'I',' "I' the minds of the people who
, 1,, . lese pictures to an acceptance of
.'">ununi.| program and the Com
,l lsl Propaganda thai was the thing
rea"y wanted to do.
Lask> : On the basis of mj ex-
,|le ''",r 'n Hollywood, 1 think one of
co "u'1"1' functions of the Communisl
ll|J||,"l;l,'-v '" Hollywood was to raise
tllU'y " '• true thai the) would like to
of. |ecl *e>r propaganda into films as
ih '.''" *e) could, and they did try,
,|,.,„ \"" doubl aboul that. We ha<
THE YEARS: HOW DO YOU EXPLAIN THE FACT THAT PEOPLE
—ACTORS, PRODUCERS, DIRECTORS—WHO MAKE UP TO SAY
FOUR THOUSAND DOLLARS A
WEEK, TURNED COMMUNIST?
Mr. Menjou: I have been asked this
question in every section of the Union
on various lecture tours over the country. What makes a person in a wonder
ful economic situation turn Communist?
I don't know; I don't think anybody
knows. I can name offhand fifteen millionaire Communists in this country.
They deny they're Communists so I
won'l mention their names, but we all
kihiw who they are.
MR. BURT: PEOPLE WHO ARE
EXPOSFI) AS TOOLS OF THE
KREMLIN, OF THIS DIABOLICAL
FOREIGN POWER THAT WANTS
TO TAKE OVER THE UNITED
STATES AND THE REST OF THE
WOULD—HAVE ANY OF THEM
COME BACK INTO THE MOTION-
PICTURE INDUSTRY? DO THEY
STILL MAKE PICTURES?
Mr. Brewer: The vast majority of the
people who got involved in the Communist party were deceived into gettine
into it. They were deceived in two ways.
Many of them were deceived by not
knowing that they were actually helping
the Communist party, and there were a
lot of those who knew they were helping
the Communist party but who never accepted the idea that the Communisl
parly, as it was constituted in this country, was part of the world-wide conspir
acy. They thought that il was a humanitarian effort. Most of those people who
had been deceived are back working in
the motion picture industry.
"HARD CORE" DRIVEN OUT
Now, ihose we term as the "hard
core" have been isolated and have been
driven out of the motion picture industry. The industry has not brought
hack those who have been positively
identified as Communists or who have
failed to respond to a subpoena. But
those people who did testify, who ''came
clean" and acknowledged the fact that
they had been a part of this thing and
have helped the industry separate the
guilty from the innocent, have come
Mr. Menjou: Roy, I'm going to
argue with you about that for just a
second. Salt of the Earth—is that a part
of the motion picture industry?
Mr. Brewer: Well, of course, this is
an exception that proves the rule. In
oilier words, the people who made Salt
of the Earth were the people who have
been rejected from what we consider to
be the legitimate motion picture industry. They went down to New Mexico,
got ahold of a union which has been
(Continued on Page 50)
emains that, accord
ceeT?'* examples of how the) did -.
..a.,'!! "Reeling Soviet' ' '
lion. °"e director. they collected m
's "Pon millions of dollars.
,a >'ear estimated;
,'"1 « half million.
T'0N\k^5Y: HERE'S A QUES-
HAVp oJ.7' "ANT AMERICANS
"FIN ASK INC THROUGH
FORUM NEWS, February, 1955
—Wide World Pholo
Fourteen California Communist leaders as they awaited return to jail after being convicted in August, 1952, of conspiring to teach and advocate violent overthrow of the U S
government. Front row, left to right: Dorothy R. Hcalcy, Rose Chernin Kusnitz, Frank Carlson, Olete O'Connor Yates, Ben Dobbs, Moretta Starvus Stack. Rear, left to right- Henry
Steinberg, Al Richmond, Ernest Otto Fox, Philip M. Connelly, William Schneiderman, Albert
Jason Lima, Carl Rudy Lambert, Frank E. Spector.