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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 030. 1955-02. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. August 3, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1149.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-02). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 030. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1149

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 030, 1955-02, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed August 3, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1149.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date February 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 030
Transcript the nation's land-grant colleges, declared that a means of living together with the Soviet Union must be found if the world is to save itself from destruction. His speech was widely heralded as taking issue with the position of Senator Knowland. At the same time, Charles E. Wilson, Secretary of Defense, also made the elementary point, at a news conference, that the U.S. and the Soviet Union must learn to live in peaceful coexistence. Senator Fulbright immediately en- clnrseil \\ ilson's views, again insisting that the only alternative to coexistence is "to look forward to war." Fulbright made the point that because of the McCarthyite atmosphere, coexistence has taken on a "sinister meaning," that it implies friendship for the Soviet I nion and other Socialist lands. Fulbright maintained that it meant the opposite; that friendship was impossible, but that two hostile powers were determined not to plunge into all-out war. The astute* chief of the Washington bureau, James Reston. commenting on the discussion, maintained \\ ednesdav that the "trend of poliev is verv much against" Senator Knowland. and that in an effort to "stop the drift toward a more conciliatory policy toward Mo- cow, he has tended to call for bolder and bolder Soviet measures." What lies behind this sharp debate of the past few days, and the apparent sharp cleavage between the administration and its chief Senate spokesman? The answer seems to lie in the experiences of the Eisenhower administration in the past several months; the resounding defeats it received at the hands of the world peace forces, its recognition that the peace issue was its chief stock-in-trade with the American electorate, the severe strains with its allies as a result of its belligerent attitudes of the past. Hence, there is a shift in the tactical position of the administration—as well as of other leading political figures — partly propagandist^, but also partly material due to a recognition of the limits of American imperialism's ability to carry through some of its stated objectives. The administration has obviously dropped its belligerent discussion of "massive retaliation" with its threat of immediate world war. This strained relations with Britain and France, and it alarmed the people of the U.S. It was not compatible with the [sic] Eisenhower's pose as champion of peace and was a target of attack by alert Democrats in the recent campaign. The material change in tactic appears to revolve around the use of "massive retaliation" — the immediate world war — in cases where the people of a land choose Communists as their rulers, in Page 28 -Wide World Photo James Reston defiance of the will of U.S. ruling circles. Formerly, John Foster Dulles, with ihe approval of Eisenhower, proclaimed that any such further development anywhere would lead to immediate attack on the "centers of Communist power." Now, after getting their fingers burnt in Indochina, administration spokesmen prefer to maintain caution on this point. Senator Knowland is aiming lo upset this caution and commit the- administration to this suicidal policy. A second point of difference appears to be how far to go in behalf of Chiang Kai-shek. Knowland wants lo help Chiang provoke a war with the Chinese people, in which the U.S. would join. Administration leaders are more cautious, fearing the effects of such a war. in which it is doubtful U.S. allies would join, and which the American people would condemn. They apparently hope lo put the onus on the Chinese People's government as the "aggressor" if war should break out on the Formosa question. Plainly, these differences do not represent any basic change of principle or objective on the part of dominant elements of American imperialism. They do reflect the pressures of world and national opinion on the administration's tactical position, and indicate a substantial gain for the forces of world peace. That the basic policy remains unchanged was seen by President Eisenhower's statement Wednesday following a conference of GOP and Democratic congressional leaders. He said the recent agreements to rearm West Germany and to set up an anti-CommunisI alliance in the Far East had to be ratified promptly in order to "strengthen the defenses of the free world against Communist aggression." In the discussion around the meanitf of "peaceful coexistence" yesterday, N& York Times writers indicated that j their view, as in lhat of "free world leaders, the Russians, as part of su» a policy, must intervene in every nati1" to suppress Communist activity. Thi also suggested the current agitation " "peaceful coexistence" was some- '"' propaganda stunt by the Soviets. As a matter of fact, the Soviet p<* tion was laid down as early as 1920," a letter to American Secretary of St* liainbridge Colby, and has consistent guided its relations with capitalist stat* "The Soviet government deal" understands that the revolution*" movement of the working masses every country is their own affair- holds to the principle thai commufl cannot be imposed by force but that" fight for communism in every com nt' must be carried on by the worK1* masses themselves. Seeing thai in A1"', ica and in many other countries workers have not conquered the po" of government, and are not even I vinced of the necessity of their c quest, the Russian Soviel govern* deems it necessary Ice establish ^ faithfully maintain peaceful and Wi ful relations with lhe evisling gov8" ments of those countries. "That the elementary economic "' of the people of Russia and of <** countries demand normal relations' an exchange of goods between thi'"' quite ilear in the Russian govcrnm and the [irsl condition of such relM is mutual good faith and noniiiter lion of both parts." Thus, the Soviets have cons'**! agitated fur pi-aci-ful relations *j capitalist governments, but has h*jl accepted the idea thai il guarantee ' existence against movements of \ own peoples fur independence or sOi ism. Such an idea, inconceivable f"r Soviet I nieen and in any case to unrealizable, can hardly be a conn1 for peaceful coexistence. •FACTS FORUM NEWS Editor's 1 illustrative of Mr. Reston's keen Ihili^, Ugence is the following, reported al K. Garrison timing the Oppenheimer ''e nt, April 13, 195 I (see in i in \i \ 11'K iiiiiikhi oppenheimer, (init. Printing Page 55): Mr. /,',-„„„ /,,„„ ,/„■ middle of -'""> has Inn! ihe Alsops, and I don't I-'"'* else, busy gathering information I'""1 body they could Hud and had e/ci'/''''j much of the story when Mr. Restart 1 with us on Friday" that, in a word. ^ for Dr. Oppenheimer decided to 'At<iSd official documents in the case of their c 1 piquant feature^ ■ MR, BEEN WOO] Mr. ] Vei7 int, nie: Ha, "> Arnei "'g to h 10 be co with ete good jo] bnt the „- jf'' "P. l,'e watc Mu. j !»i4 lhe, 'sm win "i our ^atchful "nence 0 as effect hashed " that w a«d nev again. security status. The I Washington office of the could command Joseph and ■ of the TIMES, couli Alsop, columnists for the new york TRIBUNE. FACTS FORUM NEWS, February* Ho||yw FACTS |
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