™enl a''d fighting technique were used.
e shown that serious successes have
'eeii achieved in the military training of
and h h.Tces' ail" forces and the "eel
j f'8n'i"g preparedness of our
med forces is up to present-day retirements," he said.
No changes have taken place in the
"Wnational situation so far that wen.1.1
s ve us grounds to lessen our attention
some extent toward the question of
^ngthening o„r defense capability.
th t I wno'e Pr°gress of events shows
the Western powers are continuing
sive'bl 1Cy "f ul'i|'l'i"'L' "'' "rw a"r5res-
, -uder these circumstances we are
' r g6d ,t0 continue show
ar,y solicitude for
''ghtWg strength a,.„ .„
«™ess of our armed forces.
-Inn Soviet Army and Navy must
l0 t\ "r,'ut vigilance and must be ready
jj? a worthy rebuff to anyone who
Mas to hinder our peaceful labor."
labo j" also llailcd lhc "heroic
, r, °' lhe working class*' and the
u*,rk'^ of agriculture."
l95|,e industrial production plan for
r lf...s J'WI ten months "lias been over-
" liled," he said.
„„ ,nner.s decorated Red Square, and
I en' o 'aus°leum were pictures ol
,' '"■ Stalin. Marx, Engels, and foreign
||ii|'n.n„„lst leaders including Mao Tse-
'liiH,,!,''"",' "f l'°°° musicians played
f e the twenty-minute march-pas
and continuous ]>re-
formslet "''ilete- in gailj colored uni-
'■tiler *"i-''"" "Kls,-''s of workers and
civilians also marched past.
llli(Al *e Bolshoi Theatre, Deput) Pre
vvhiie S ■"" S- Soburov declared thai
creasi 'et Production is steadily in
i l',^",8 ,hcre is still "backwardness in
tiire. ., ',r f°f branches! of our agricul
'^ »"d stockbreeding."
the d,'e !ns"ri"g i" every possible wa)
c-ialj" VeloPment of al1 branches of So-
, agnculrure," Soburov declared,
l,M',':"">- Hie main link in solving the
,k,. ,',.' WSK in the field of the sleep
Production of consumer goods.
by ji," enormous role is to be played
-|riii„,i llr,ber organizational-economi'
||„. ,:"*".">« of Ihe collective farms.
'■iia|,|(1 rrv"ig out of these measures will
to li„,.-jS '" 'be shortest possible time
"'bra,' ) l'a,k'v'ii'|li"'" in ■' numbei
lir('<'dino »S °' °"r •'giicill'i'"1' and stock-
sovie,Siir!ing thal lllc' bistory of the
"f Peac fni|°n has Proved Ae possibility
with d'ff l'oex'Sti'nee among countries
lemrsl'"Srence [different! social sys-
''etvvJl .burov noted that relations
nave h • U'SSR- and Yugoslavia
„„ een improved recently.
"°rne obstacles leave been eliminated
tlS S FORUM NEWS, February, 1955
|| The reader is cautioned that, ex- ||
;; cept for this box and the Wide ||
|| World Photos, the material on this »
>| page is taken from Communist p
thai hampered the restoration of normal
relations between the U.S.S.R. and
Yugoslavia," he said. Steps have been
taken to resume trade and to organize
contacts in cultural and other questions.
The Yugoslav government has declared
its readiness to collaborate toward an
improvement of relations with lhe Soviet
"The Soviet government considers il
lo be useful in the interests of the
peoples of both countries to utilize all
possibilities for the restoration of normal
and friendly lies. The manifestations of
disagreement anil enmity that were oh-
served during the pasl Mars between
—Wide World Photo
Senator Thomas C. Hennings, Jr. ID-Mo.)
our states can be advantageous only ice
the enemies of ^i ugoshn in.
From the Communist daily ivorkkii,
Vovembei I". 1954.
The Facts Behind the Present
Debate in I '.S. on Coexistence
By Max Gordon
When iii early July Rep. Franklin 1).
Roosevelt, Jr., suggested in his Colgate
I niversit) address thai the (J.S. and the
Soviel I nicni musl learn to live al peace,
it could truthfully be said this was a rare
and daring position feci a major parly
politician to lake-.
But such is the- advancing power of
world and American public demand for
peace thai Wednesday, only four months
later, the New York Times devoted several news ami comment columns, a full
page of discussion, and an editorial on
the problem of peaceful coexistence
with President Eisenhower, members of
his cabinet and several leading senalors
appearing in varying degrees, for it.
The current debate in political circles
was touched off by a Senate speech
.Monday [by] Senate Majority Leader
William F. Knowland.
Know-land said, in effect, that the time
for destroying the Soviet Union is running out, and it is necessary to acl
quickly. The "clear and present danger," he implied, was that we should
continue to live at peace. He demanded
an immediate congressional review to
see how the present "drift" to peace
e eeulel be stopped.
"The civilizations that flourished and
died in the past had opportunities for
a limited period of time to change the
course of history," Knowland said.
"Sooner or later, however, they passed
the 'point of no return,' and the decisions were no longer theirs lo make.
. . . Time is running out and I would
remind the Senate that in this day and
age of their airplane and atomic weapon,
time is not necessarily on the side of
the free world."
Under questioning, Knowland denied
he was for preventive war, though his
speech left little room for any other
interpretation. He maintained he was
simply enlarging on the "massive retaliation" policy earlier enunciated by the
His speech was immediately assailed
by several Democratic Senators, notably
I'ulbright (Arkansas) and Hennings
(Missouri), who made the simple point
lhat either there is peace with the Soviel
Union or world H-bomb destruction.
It was hailed by a couple of other
Democratic Senators — Douglas (Illinois) and Symington (Missouri) who
saw in it support for their demands for
In n\ ier war appropriations.
On Tuesday, President Eisenhower,
in an address before tlle presidents of
—Wide World Pholo
Senator William Fulbriqht (D-AreV.)