RUSSIANS HATE COMMUNISTS
I AM ONE OF THE VERY I K\\
AMERICANS WFIO LEARNED
ABOUT COMMUNISM THE HARD
\\ W—by personal experience of life
in the Sei\ict I nion as it is lived by the
Russians. Many others have visited Russia, or li\ed there as newspaper correspondents, diplomats, engineers, or businessmen. All these were, of necessity,
merely observers looking at the Rus
sian people from outside. But I was for
-i\ years the wife of a Russian subject,
sharing many of the hardships and all
the fear- cef tin- Russian people. I know
what it means to live continuously under
the shadow of terror: never lei kinew
peace of mind; to be constantly on guard
list a careless weird bring oneself or
one's loved ones to death or imprisonment in a slave labor camp. It is on account of my intimate and terrible experience of the Russian way of life
under the Communist dictatorship, ami
because of my sympathy for the Russian
people, that 1 have testified in favor of
the Jenner-McCarran resolution.
Until 1928 I had been a member of
the British Labor party. That year, I
gave up my candidature for Parliament
in the Labor interest by openlv joining
the Communist Party and issuing
statement to the press explaining win.
That same year 1 was the Communis
candidate in the London County Council
At that period lhe Communisl party
was openly opposed to the Labor party
and openly revolutionary. The pe-riod of
pretending lo be democratic--the Pop
ular front period- began only after Hitler came to power, when I was no longer
a Communist. My short period of membership in the Communist party occurred while it was still possible for a
Communist to be what I might call an
honest revolutionary, as distinct from
a liar and a cheat pretending lo be democratic and reformist.
In 1940 when I applied for an immigrant visa lo the United States I an-
swered "Yes" to the immigration authorities when asked whether I had ever
belonged to an organization advocating
the overthrow of governments by violence. This caused the rejection ol my
application, but I became a citizen many
years later thanks to a private bill in
Congress sponsored by Congressman
Jerry Voorhis of California, who was a
member of the Dies committee.
I am bringing up this old history at
the In-ginning of my testimony simply
because ex-Communists are ipso facto
suspeel in tin- eyes of many people My
record shows that although I was .i
Communisl party member from 1928
to 1931 I did not lie cither for the party
or for my own advantage, either then
A quarter of a century ago when I
joined the Communist Party, I imagined that the Communists aimed at the
emancipation of mankind and would
create a just social order and give freedom to oppressed colonial peoples everywhere in ihe world. Brought up in the
English liberal tradition, tin- Communist ideal seemed to me to be the fulfillment of man's age-long struggle lor
freedom and justice. Il loeek <enlv a lew
months of lib- in the Soviet I nion. in
the winter of 1930-31, to make mi- realize how profoundly mistaken I bad been.
I quickly understood that the Soviet
government wa- a greater and more terrible tyranny than any the world had yet
seen, but I also soon learned that anyone who spoke against il gol liquidated.
PARTY IS RULING CLASS
I was e-aughl in lhe web through mj
husband who. being a Russian subject,
could not leave the Soviel I nion nine
he had returned there. 1 stayed in Russia for -i\ years, until In- was arrested
in 1936 and sent without a trial to n
concentration camp where, presumably,
he died many years ago. I was able to
escape with our son. then tun years old.
only because I had retained m\ Brilish
I did mil transfer to the Russian Communisl part) after lining to live in Russia, although I had learned that in be
CHINA STORY), is an outstanding authority on the Soviet Union, but from an anti-
Communist point of view. In the
accompanying article she alleges
(1) that the Russian people hate
and fear their own government,
(2) that communism does not
correct but intensifies starvation
and misery, (3) that the only
reason why the Russians, Chinese, and other Communist-enslaved peoples do not overthrow
the tyranny under which they
exist is that they cannot, and
(I) that American recognition
of the official Communist tyranny actually amounts to an
unfriendly policy on our part
toward the people of Russia.
a Communist in Russia is to belong
the ruling class which enjoys both &
terial privileges and a monopoly
power. My husband was not a Conm".
ist but a Socialist who had volunW'.
returned to Russia from abroad in
false belief that a better world wa- "1
built in the Soviet Union. Both o>
soon realized not only that Stalin
the greatest tyrant who has ever l'\
but also that lhe materialist philosof*
of the Communists must inevitably I
to the establishment of a similar tyral"
wherever Communists win power. I
Together, in Russia, we shared
life of the unprivileged, nonpar!) I*
pie. We were better off than most n
sians since he was a "specialist" in ,
and finance, entitled lo an above-av<l
rood ration, and I had a "foreign srj
ialist" ration card. But since »'•'
not enjoy the food, housing, tranSl
and other privileges and pei<|iii-i"'r
the Communist aristocracy, we *
close to the mass of the Russian pe/[
who never knew what it meant to ™
enough to eat and who live in perpl
fear of starvation and imprisoniii'"
told the story of my life in RusS«l
1940 in a book called The />'■«'"
This experience of mini- cnabl''7
to state with certainty that lhe i^
misconception upon which I
id Slates policy has been based l>
the Russian people support their
munis! government by choice or C*.
tion. I am certain that the \ci'V | are
the Russian people
(Continued on I1"*'
FACTS FORUM NEWS, February