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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955
File 026
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 026. 1955-02. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. August 12, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1145.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-02). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 026. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1145

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 026, 1955-02, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed August 12, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1145.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date February 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 026
Transcript RUSSIANS HATE COMMUNISTS —Atelier Sanda Freda Utley I AM ONE OF THE VERY I K\\ AMERICANS WFIO LEARNED ABOUT COMMUNISM THE HARD \\ W—by personal experience of life in the Sei\ict I nion as it is lived by the Russians. Many others have visited Russia, or li\ed there as newspaper correspondents, diplomats, engineers, or businessmen. All these were, of necessity, merely observers looking at the Rus sian people from outside. But I was for -i\ years the wife of a Russian subject, sharing many of the hardships and all the fear- cef tin- Russian people. I know what it means to live continuously under the shadow of terror: never lei kinew peace of mind; to be constantly on guard list a careless weird bring oneself or one's loved ones to death or imprisonment in a slave labor camp. It is on account of my intimate and terrible experience of the Russian way of life under the Communist dictatorship, ami because of my sympathy for the Russian people, that 1 have testified in favor of the Jenner-McCarran resolution. Until 1928 I had been a member of the British Labor party. That year, I gave up my candidature for Parliament in the Labor interest by openlv joining the Communist Party and issuing statement to the press explaining win. That same year 1 was the Communis candidate in the London County Council elections. At that period lhe Communisl party was openly opposed to the Labor party and openly revolutionary. The pe-riod of pretending lo be democratic--the Pop ular front period- began only after Hitler came to power, when I was no longer a Communist. My short period of membership in the Communist party occurred while it was still possible for a Communist to be what I might call an honest revolutionary, as distinct from a liar and a cheat pretending lo be democratic and reformist. In 1940 when I applied for an immigrant visa lo the United States I an- swered "Yes" to the immigration authorities when asked whether I had ever belonged to an organization advocating the overthrow of governments by violence. This caused the rejection ol my application, but I became a citizen many years later thanks to a private bill in Congress sponsored by Congressman Jerry Voorhis of California, who was a member of the Dies committee. I am bringing up this old history at the In-ginning of my testimony simply because ex-Communists are ipso facto suspeel in tin- eyes of many people My record shows that although I was .i Communisl party member from 1928 to 1931 I did not lie cither for the party or for my own advantage, either then or subsequently. A quarter of a century ago when I joined the Communist Party, I imagined that the Communists aimed at the emancipation of mankind and would create a just social order and give freedom to oppressed colonial peoples everywhere in ihe world. Brought up in the English liberal tradition, tin- Communist ideal seemed to me to be the fulfillment of man's age-long struggle lor freedom and justice. Il loeek <enlv a lew months of lib- in the Soviet I nion. in the winter of 1930-31, to make mi- realize how profoundly mistaken I bad been. I quickly understood that the Soviet government wa- a greater and more terrible tyranny than any the world had yet seen, but I also soon learned that anyone who spoke against il gol liquidated. PARTY IS RULING CLASS I was e-aughl in lhe web through mj husband who. being a Russian subject, could not leave the Soviel I nion nine he had returned there. 1 stayed in Russia for -i\ years, until In- was arrested in 1936 and sent without a trial to n concentration camp where, presumably, he died many years ago. I was able to escape with our son. then tun years old. only because I had retained m\ Brilish passport. I did mil transfer to the Russian Communisl part) after lining to live in Russia, although I had learned that in be FREDA UTLEY,(THE CHINA STORY), is an outstanding authority on the Soviet Union, but from an anti- Communist point of view. In the accompanying article she alleges (1) that the Russian people hate and fear their own government, (2) that communism does not correct but intensifies starvation and misery, (3) that the only reason why the Russians, Chinese, and other Communist-enslaved peoples do not overthrow the tyranny under which they exist is that they cannot, and (I) that American recognition of the official Communist tyranny actually amounts to an unfriendly policy on our part toward the people of Russia. a Communist in Russia is to belong the ruling class which enjoys both & terial privileges and a monopoly power. My husband was not a Conm". ist but a Socialist who had volunW'. returned to Russia from abroad in false belief that a better world wa- "1 built in the Soviet Union. Both o> soon realized not only that Stalin the greatest tyrant who has ever l'\ but also that lhe materialist philosof* of the Communists must inevitably I to the establishment of a similar tyral" wherever Communists win power. I Together, in Russia, we shared life of the unprivileged, nonpar!) I* pie. We were better off than most n sians since he was a "specialist" in , and finance, entitled lo an above-av<l rood ration, and I had a "foreign srj ialist" ration card. But since »'•' not enjoy the food, housing, tranSl and other privileges and pei<|iii-i"'r the Communist aristocracy, we * close to the mass of the Russian pe/[ who never knew what it meant to ™ enough to eat and who live in perpl fear of starvation and imprisoniii'" told the story of my life in RusS«l 1940 in a book called The />'■«'" LoSt. This experience of mini- cnabl''7 to state with certainty that lhe i^ mental I 'ear. misconception upon which I id Slates policy has been based l> the Russian people support their munis! government by choice or C*. tion. I am certain that the \ci'V | are majoritj of the Russian people (Continued on I1"*' Page 24 FACTS FORUM NEWS, February
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