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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 023. 1955-02. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. August 8, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1142.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-02). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 023. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1142

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955 - File 023, 1955-02, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed August 8, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1189/show/1142.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 2, February 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date February 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 023
Transcript nice guy " sward for ' barren did' ar judicial' Chief Ju* of too B* :ial experii* arl Warren togethei h h wroti iman equal" f Justices! wn by ju*J lout by nail uy" — as 1 idescendi"! rise abovfl and intelj lg, dynaro1' ivhich can ' civilization! ntury frej erican h cenl and til coin-el in'" . :al implied] ier irnpa"! thai si-'ji"'-' hildren ol J 1 facilities] i be draH regated ■ integ1 ,,(• kLISMS in musty ■ In ■'- laT "li e Performance of our most s'c public responsibilities, even serv- fm, "? ■ armed forces. It is the very .oundation of good citizenship. Today it lhe Plj'C,paI instrument in awakening him f i'° cull»ral values, in preparing . ' jor later professional training, and piping him to adjust normally 'to his mronnient. In these days, it is doubt- ' mat any child may reasonably be ex- J net! to succeed in life if he is denied opportunity of an education. Such opportunity where the state has *naken to provide it, is a right ' ■' must he made available to all on qnal terms.9 >ente!ie- n"1'' t,u'" lo tlu' question pre- Puhli U?cs,segregation of children in I u,)l'c schools solely race> even though lhe on the physical basis of facilities galion as punishment, not for what ihey do, but for what they are. They may fail to get a correct image of human relationships because they have been given a distorted one in vital circumstances. The emotional conflict, usually- repressed, can be understood only in its social context: private discrimination gets mixed up in the child's mind with official discrimination bearing the ethical stamp of the authority of the state. In decreeing school segregation, the state identifies itself with its most bigoted citizens. Segregation itself may be anxiety-producing. And the emotional Incillli of white children is by no means unaffected. They are apt to have illusions of superiority, the superman complex.10 These are the psychiatric findings , uraJ Neoro —Wide World Photo that pn , ploy,' ° °"«l wl»»e fourth graders at Sf. Martin School in Washington, D. C, dash for the le Constll'J ground at recess. Ired years ^ in the,tf equal0,) .'la"g'ble' factors '»av be is made.'j -n\ _j deprive the children of the minor- of Amer.* :v group Earl *j the8* ttf °/ ec,ual educational opportun- e believe thai il does." "We t that settf . hildren *> ''"blic ed conclude that the field of ucation the doctrine of 'sepa- ut equal' hi " lto the w edUcat: °eual has no place. Separate ■obed in'°| eqUa] .,"nal facilities are inherently tin- i _ r„r ^ tie fo' ten. d: erbaps th" state *ni Motional conflict results 3T!fan?n unavoidably leads to emo- ma.y tak a"> !'l>i,ldren in children. different forms The conflict in different , school *J is houn'd 'hUt' wnatever form it takes, it it expei""' health monstrai'j tance o ociety. ,v Februarf' ,0 dama Children pACTS child's emotional are apt to interpret segre- FORUM NEWS, February, 1955 which the court accepted and wrote into its decision, saying: "The fact is that such a practice [school segregation] creates a mental health problem."0 Although Earl Warren did not consider the propaganda value of the school segregation decision, the nation should. The Supreme Court decision ending segregation in schools could not fail to ring throughout the world, even if we had no Voice of America to carry it to the ends of the earth." When that decision was handed down, the Communists lost one of their nastier accusations against us; and our Negro citizens gained full opportunity lo enter into the life of their republic. This is the greatest aid lhat the United States has had in its campaign to convince the world that we stand for democracy. The Communists have been hitting us at our weakest point, which is our treatment of the Negroes and the practice of segregation. They have used that all through India, all through Southeast Asia and China, all through Africa. It has been very hard to answer. Now we have shining deeds to prove that we are trying to live up to our principles and to the Declaration of Independence." BETTER EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES There is no doubt that the end of segregation will really help Negro children get a better education. Wherever there has been a vast disparity in school equipment, in length of school terms, in the quality and quantity of education, the Negro child has grown into an adult human being with at least one strike against him. The abolition of segregation is going to mean that, to a greater extent than ever before in the history of the Negro in America, the Negro will have the basic training necessary to compete in an increasingly competitive world. Desegregation will also mean more and better educational opportunities for while children. Instead of the duplication and waste involved in maintaining two systems of public schools, the states can combine and integrate the systems, providing more and better buildings, more and better books, more and better teachers for all our children — and save money while doing it.12 Segregation simply does not make sense—constitutionally, legally, morally, spiritually, or economically. By administrative action and court decision, our national government is sweeping away the barriers and restraints which keep Negroes and whites from joining hands as fellow Americans and moving forward toward the real promise of America — equality for all Americans. That was one side of the question. Now comes the opposite side — arguments of some who DO NOT think that the Supreme Court decision in the school segregation cases was good for America. pYJowhf.he in the federal Constitution. 1 ■ or in any of its amendments, is there any delegation of power to the federal government to operate in the field of education. The Tenth Amendment to our Constitution says that powers not delegated to the federal government are reserved to the states, or to the people.13 Obviously, the power to set up and Pace 21 U
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