education of their children are below
the national average in school expenditures per child. If some states put their
whole general budget into the public
schools alone—not a thing into legislatures, courts, police, or what not—they
would still be far below the average for
Even in the most prosperous states
there are many educational problems
and need for federal assistance.
\ astly more important than adequate
school buildings are the people who prepare our children with knowledge and
teach them to think.
The school teacher is the central figure
in the education process. We entrust the
minds and the character of our children
to the teacher for many hours of the day.
We look to the teacher to mold the children for the responsibilities of manhood
and womanhood. Inevitably the character and influence of the teacher are
woven into the character of the entire
Yet we are guilty of shocking neglect
of our teachers. We have never given
them the recognition, the appreciation,
and the financial security they deserve.
Poorly paid even before World War II,
their situation is much worse today.
Their earnings have not kept pace with
earnings in general. Rising costs have
forced thousands of teachers from the
classrooms and they are still leaving.
The drain is greatest among our best-
trained teachers. Teachers with emergency certificates are becoming less the
exception than the rule. Teacher-training colleges cannot even begin to meet
the huge demands for teachers from the
dwindling graduating classes, as young
people abandon their teaching ambition
to economic necessity.
We need at least 125,000 new teachers each year. We are not getting nearly
COLLEGES IN DIFFICULTY, TOO
All our colleges are having serious
financial trouble, whether they are state
institutions, land-grant colleges, large
private universities, or small colleges.
A New York Times survey shows that
half our independent liberal arts institutions are operating in the red.
The colleges are having serious difficulty in receiving funds from the
sources which have supported them in
the past, as estate and inheritance taxes
nil longer make it possible for rich p*
pie to give large support to such inst
Present college enrollment is dow
which means that tuition, so often "
backbone of our higher institutions,?
At the same time, steadily rising t<
tion and living costs are making it '
creasingly difficult for children of '
income families to obtain the benefits'
a college education."
There are ten million adults '"I
United States who are functionally ill'1'
ate—that is, who have completed ief
than five years of schooling. I1"1
World War II, over 600,000 men »
rejected for military service because1
functional illiteracy. Three hu
thousand were rejected for the
cause during the first year of the Koi"e'
The end of segregation in schools H*
colleges will create further educati0'
problems. It will require, in most ca*
the removal of a considerable nurt1''
of white children from schoolhol*
which are well-equipped, convenietj
located, and hygienically maintainel!
Modern school facilities offer students diversified activities. At upper left, physical education class at Oak Ridge, Tenn.. high s.
gymnasium, while (upper right! class in California intermediate school learns to cook. Lower photo shows boys at Washington In'*'
iate School, Bellflower, Calif., working at several crafts in well-lighted workshop.
. At th,
>n the tr
sh'P in e
able to I
FACTS FORUM NEWS, February,