—Wide World Pholos
Test house at Yucca Flat, Nev., shown
(top) as built 3,500 feet from blast point.
Lower photo shows the house collapsing and
being pushed backward by A-bomb's terrific
nation. Obviously, the scientists whom
President Eisenhower refers to as the
ones to provide safe conditions are going to be scientists from all over the
world, including the Soviet Union.7
Whom, therefore, are we protecting
this atom bank from: ourselves? Or
someone from the planet Mars ?
Even if we could place the safety of
this atom pool exclusively in the hands
of American nuclear scientists, how
secure could we feel about it when we
reflect that for ten critical years America's leading nuclear scientist was J.
Robert Oppenheimer, who, because of
his admitted, extensive, and prolonged
Communist activities, has now been
officially declared a security risk?8
We know that not only atomic energy
secrets, but vital atomic energy materials, have been stolen from American
atomic energy plants, in spite of all the
security measures and protective systems
that the ingenuity of our scientists and
of our government could devise. How,
then, can we expect to guarantee this
international bank of fissionable material against thefts or surprise seizures
when the thing will be under the control
of Socialists, Communists, and miscellaneous bureaucrats of the United
And if we do find that the Soviets or
the Chinese Communists or Czechoslovakia, or anyone else, is stealing from
the international atomic energy bank the
materials which we are giving to it, what
will we do about it? We have no control
over the bank. All we can do is to contribute to it — and, perhaps, make feeble
protests when we find out that it is
We have always known that nations
receiving America's openhanded aid
were misusing it. Most of the big recipients of our aid, in fact, have misused
part of it to build up their trade with
Communist countries. But when they
misuse atomic materials which we put
into the international pool, they are not
merely insulting us and wasting our
resources. Truman, Acheson, Marshall,
Eisenhower, Dulles, and Stassen have
taught us how to be patient and put up
DAGGER POINT AT AMERICA'S HEART
When they tinker with our atomic
energy materials, they are pressing a
dagger point at the heart of America.
This is a substance that can destroy
But suppose there are no raids upon,
or thefts from, the international bank
of fissionable material.
What safeguards do we have for the
material which is drawn out of the international bank in the regular way? Let's
say that India draws fissionable material
out of this international bank. How
can we be sure that the material will
be devoted to research for peacetime
uses? How do we know that India will
not use some of the material for producing bombs? What guarantee do we
have that India will not let some of that
material get into the hands of the Chinese Communists or of the Soviet
If we build reactors, atomic pow*
plants and atomic laboratories in Ind»
nesia and train Indonesian scientists al*
industrialists to use them (as we a"
proposing), what will we do if "
Communists simply take over all "
Indonesia — as now seems quite p*
sible, even likely?10
HUNT RABBITS OR COMMIT MURDER?
The only protection we have is fl
wishful thinking of our Congress, whi»
wrote the law granting the Preside'
authority to give away our nucle*
materials, and the platitudes o
Dulles and Mr. Eisenhower, who assi!'
us that none of the material can I
used. They lead us to believe thai '
atomic materials which we contribute'
the atom pool are a kind that cannot'
used for warlike purposes.10
That's like giving a man a shotf^
and claiming that he cannot com"1
murder with it because you gave i'!
him for hunting rabbits.10
The fact is that the 220 pounds •
enriched uranium which we h*'
already committed as a gift to the inly
national atom pool is quite usable '.
making atom bombs, and in fact
enough to produce cores for ele*'
It is silly and dishonest to say "*
nuclear materials which are usable
all cannot be used for destructive f'
If it were otherwise, why did P'^
dent Eisenhower in his initial speej
about the atom pool acknowledge "
danger of the pool but then assure
that we could provide safeguards agai*
Why, if these materials can be
At left, the largest shipment of radioactivated cobalt on its way from the AEC's riu
research laboratory in Oak Ridge to the Los Angeles tumor institute. The carrier co".
4,400 pounds of lead forming an eight-inch shield around six small capsules of the c°.
—equivalent to ten million dollars worth of radium. At right, young scientists work .
long-range research project in an effort to find a treatment for burns and radiation
atomic explosions. The picture shows laboratory study of the metabolism of blood pi9'fl
FACTS FORUM NEWS, Februa