promise of vast atomic liounty lo the
underprivileged regions which have been
most susceptible to Communist propaganda. Like the bold Marshall Plan,
which was conceived and carried out
under the Truman administration, the
Eisenhower atoms-for-peace plan can
work with or without the cooperation
of the Soviet Union.
Like the Marshall Plan before it. the
atoms-for-peace plan was offered to
the world with a direct and sincere invitation to the Soviets to participate. If
ihe Soviet Union should finally refuse
lo participate and turn over fissionable
material to the international pool, the
I nited States will go ahead as it has
alreadv started, and undertake to do the
job alone, through United Nations channels. If the Soviets should decide to
cooperate, then learning to work with
them in this touchy field will further the
cause of world peace.1
The- >ee\icts do not have as much fissionable material as we do. Therefore.
any contribution that they may make to
this proposed 1 N stockpile would affect
their bomb manufacture more than our
contribution would affect ours.
America ran make substantial contributions of atomic material to an international pool without hurting our own
PLAN IS FOOLPROOF
Hence, this Eisenhower plan is foolproof. If the Russians do contribute
large quantities of fissionable materials,
they largely reduce their ability to produce the articles of war. If they give
little or nothing, they convict themselves
in the court of world opinion.
When the atom pool plan was first
suggested, the Soviets rejected it. The
other nations of the world which generously and unanimously accepted the
proposal did, nonetheless, express grave
doubts that the proposal would ever
serve its basic purpose of easing international tensions unless the Soviet Union
The Soviets apparently rejected the
plan primarily because they wanted to
use the United Nations forum as a propaganda platform for touting their
scheme for international atomic disarmament without international inspection to insure compliance.
John Foster Dulles, however, stole this
propaganda possibility from the Soviets
by saying that he did not think the controversial arena of the United Nations
General Assembly was a proper place
for discussions between the Soviets and
us over their participation in the atom
pool plan. Mr. Dulles made it quite
clear that such a delicate matter as this
should be discussed in secret negotiations.
By the latter part of 1954, it became
apparent that the negotiations had con-
—Wide World !•
Vishinsky and associates alternately gay and serious about atoms. Soviet UN del*,
with British Delegate Anthony Nutting, center, and U.S. Delegates C. D. Jackson He'
top photo) and H. C. Lodge (left in lower photo).
siderably softened the attitude of the
Soviet Union. The Soviets were no
longer saying flatly that they would not
participate, but were indicating that they
might come in if we would permit
other nations — which to the Soviet
Union meant Red China — to participate; and if we would put the new
atomic pool agency under the UN Security Council, where the Soviets have a
We stood firm against both of these
Soviet proposals, however; and, on
December 4. 1954, the Soviets made one
of the most startling concessions to the
1 nilccl States that they have ever made
in the United Nations.
They joined us and all other members
of the UN General Assembly in a
unanimous endorsement of a resolution
approving President Eisenhower's
Almost simultaneously with this official UN action, the United States gave
reality and impetus to the International
Atom Pool plan by making a gift offer
of 220 pounds of processed uranium.4
\env. 220 pounds of processed uranium is no insignificanl amount.' It costs
only about two million dollars to produce-, but if used as atomic fuel it could
in theory produce in an efficiently?
atomic generator about 21/2 billion*
watt hours of electrical power, °l
much as is produced by all of the '
nessee Valley Authority's hydroeH
generators in a month.
In physical dimensions, 220 \>°"
of processed uranium is only aboU'i
size of a regulation soccer ball. Bu'
use in isotope research, it is em
to supply dozens of laboratories tin'1'
out the world.
Although this American gift is *.
technically to the International A1?
Energy Pool, it is carefullv hedged I
»iih safeguards to prevent its n"~
When shipments of the materia'
actually made, they will be sent i" c
small quantities, protected by J
metal containers, and undci
armed United States guards. Then
be consigned, not into the hands °
international agency, but directly'
Before the shipments arc •"
made, however, the international *l
must be set up to administer the J
wide research program for wliic"
American contribution is made.
The Eisenhower atoms-for-pca<'e'
calls not onlv for the international >
FACTS FORUM NEWS, February,