Keyword
in
Collection
Date
to
Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 4, April 1956
File 053
Citation
MLA
APA
Chicago/Turabian
Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 4, April 1956 - File 053. 1956-04. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 14, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1119/show/1102.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-04). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 4, April 1956 - File 053. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1119/show/1102

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 4, April 1956 - File 053, 1956-04, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 14, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1119/show/1102.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

URL
Embed Image
Compound Item Description
Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 4, April 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date April 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 053
Transcript A (H \eric I who I"1' o J neiiibC' m.ist m lanthei nembenj Conn"'"." f any <•»',. I the OA ble tM ■r of i,s n the ^ prship is to be found in section 5 of the Communist Control Act of 1954: Sec, 5. In determining membership or participation in the Communist Party or any other organization defined In this Act, or knowledge of Hie purpose or objective of such party or organization, the fairy, under instructions from the court, shall consider evidence, if presented, as to whether the accused person: (1) Has heen listed to his knowledge as a member in any hook or any of the lists, records, correspondence, or any other document of the organization; (2) Has made financial contribution to the organization in dues, assessments, loans, or in any other form; (3) Has made himself subject to the discipline of the organization in any form whatsoever; (4) Has executed orders, plans, or directives of any kind °f the organization; (5) Has acted as an agent, courier, messenger, correspondent, organizer, or in any other capacity in behalf of the Organization; (6) Has conferred with officers or other members of the Organization in behalf of any plan or enterprise of tlie organisation; (7) Has been accepted to his knowledge as an officer or •nernber of the organization or as one to be called upon for Services by other officers or members of the organization; (8) Has written, spoken or in any other way communi- C;<trd by signal, semaphore, sign, or in any Other form of communication orders, directives, or plans of the organization; (9) Has prepared documents, pamphlets, leaflets, books, 0r any other type of publication in behalf of the objectives ano purposes <>l the organization; (10) Has mailed, shipped, circulated, distributed, deliv- er°d, or in any other way sent or delivered to others material 0r propaganda of any kind in behalf of the organization; (11) Has advised, counseled or in any other way imported information, suggestions, recommendations to officers * members of the organization or to anyone else in behalf of t,u' objectives of the organization; '12) Has indicated by word, action, conduct, writing, or " ■")> other way a willingness to carry out in any manner and 0 •"!> degree the plans, designs, objectives, or purposes of the 0r8;iuization; (13) Has in any other way participated in the activities, ^ning, actions, objectives, or purposes of the organization; i 14) 'Hie enumeration of the above subjects of evidence '" membership or participation in the Communist Party or n> other organization as above defined, shall not limit the l'l,[ii> into and consideration oi any other subject of evi- '"<'<■ <>u membership and participation as herein stated. hj.1- r an intelligent appraisal of the forces at work in be- nl., jj "' the Communist movement in the United States, it rC eft *° Ce'SsarV t() understand the various categories involved, PPfeciate the shade of difference between categories coop ;ses. 1J '""'■',,n4 »ii„ (''lt'M category constitutes a definite security risk oper- ;•/,,- 6"'' i- . . , , . party assign nins^ tL, " c'eal with them accordingly, recognizing, however, 'tin/'■""'' catt'Rory constitutes a definite security risk oper- Si. "' ""' 'nterests of a foreign power. It should also be \'''"'"'led that these categories are not static, that Party C )',s are shifted from one to another like pawns on the C5*Iessboard. The following would constitute a rough -a ,,.1 ,- am ii-ic hr w" l.'< t Par1! >1 ition llillc- , , par*) . aA . "Cation of these categories: M Pen Party members. — This would include individ- Kn tne 1>art> has found it expedient to designate C* for such as Party officials, candi- pulilie office, official representatives and writers \. '.' Communist press. The existence of this group is ST '/'• to maintain the fiction that the Communist Party, ■jj* '"' open "political party of the American working "i'm '"'> has been compared to an iceberg with one- t* "°ove the water and two-thirds submerged. Though \s ''"'"portions are not accurate, the open Party inciii- *%, ,nstitute its visible portion. Since the submerged ls Considered more important, members of the open '" P, '>'u \t News, April, 1956 Whittaker Chambers (right) accuser of Alger Hiss, shakes hands with Maj. Gen. Claire Chcnnoult, wartime airforce commander in China, during 1952 hearings about the influence of the Institute of Pacific Relations on U S. Far East policy. Elizabeth Bentley (center), ex-Communist, was also a witness at these hearings. Party can be commandeered at any time in the service of the underground. The testimony of Louis F. Budenz, Whittaker Chambers, and Elizabeth Bentley has shown that men like Jack Stachel, Max Bedacht, and J. Peters functioned simultaneously in both the open and the underground apparatus. Well-known Party members will suddenly disappear from public view to be engulfed by the underground, whose orders have distinct priority. 2. Semiconcealed Party members. — Most Party members are known as such to their fellow members in the Party club, union, front organization, or place of employment. Within the Party they operate under one or more aliases, making no avowal of Party membership publicly. This type of membership can be established by a membership card of former days or record, evidence of payment of dues, attendance at closed meetings, association with Communists in Party enterprises or campaigns, soliciting new members or appearing in any other official capacity representing the Party. 3. Members at large. — Party members who occupy important positions in government or organizations where knowledge of their affiliation would be an obstacle to Partv purposes, are made members at large. They do not attend Communist Party meetings and are contacted solely by an emissary assigned to receive dues, distribute literature and directives. 4. Members of the underground apparatus. — For reasons of secrecy it may at times be necessary to withdraw an individual entirely from any contact with the open Communist Party. Whittaker Chambers, Elizabeth Bentley, and John Sherman, for example, were withdrawn from the open party to work in the underground. Other members of the Communist underground apparatus may never have been members of the legal party. An individual assigned for this purpose may even submit a public resignation under the direction of his Party superiors. On the other hand, a member of this apparatus may be a purely technical assistant with no trace of Party sympathy or even know ledge of the true nature of the organization for which he is working. An operative active in the United States may have no direct responsibility to the CPUSA. He may be linked with some special arm of the Soviet government and be directly Page 51 \ !.M
File Name uhlib_1352973_v005_n004_053.jpg