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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 4, April 1956
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 4, April 1956 - File 022. 1956-04. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 17, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1119/show/1071.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-04). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 4, April 1956 - File 022. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1119/show/1071

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 4, April 1956 - File 022, 1956-04, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 17, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1119/show/1071.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 4, April 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date April 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 022
Transcript (Continued,) U N E S C O —GOO D OR bad The Truth About UNESCO * Dr. Evans* statement is a reply to many of the current objections to UNESCO. THE United Nations Charter provides that the Economic and Social Council may exercise a certain jurisdiction over educational and cultural matters, and in another article provides that specialized agencies may be established in certain fields if a number of the member states wish it. It was as a result of that authorization, and in response to a feeling on the part of the teachers of this country that the Economic and Social Council assignment was not adequate and that we needed an international office of education, that some of us went to London the end of October, 1945, to write the UNESCO Constitution. . . . I am not here to tell you . . . all of the UNESCO story. I am here today as a witness to answer questions as to the truth of charges which have been made in recent months concerning UNESCO, and I shall limit myself to answering those questions as honestly and calmly as I can. The first question is, "Is UNESCO preaching world government and one- world citizenship?" The answer is, emphatically, "No, it is not." UNESCO has used the term "education for world citizenship," but it has used it interchangeably with the term "education lor international understanding." If vim look up the term "world citizenship" in one of the better dictionaries, you are likely to find "world citizen" defined as a "cosmopolitan," as a person who feels at home in any country. That is the sense in which LrNESCO uses the term "world citizenship." UNESCO has not, to my knowledge, ever come out in favor of anything stronger than the United Nations itself is. In other words, as tar as tiny of its declarations and policies are concerned, UNESCO is not in favor, nor has it ever been in favor of world government, unless the United Nations is world government. Now, I say "unless" merely because one has °A slightly revised version of an address given at the Annual Conference of the National Education Association, Detroit, Michigan, July -3, 1952. Page 20 By LUTHER H. EVANS Director-General ol UNESCO to be very cautious in the use of terms, since one of the tactics of those who attack UNESCO and the United Nations is the tactic which the Soviet uses in its attack on the free world, namely, to take good, honored words and pour the meaning out of them and pour some polluted kind of meaning into them. If I understand the term "world government," it would mean that a government organ would be set Wini: WORLD I',, Luther Evans, Director-General of UNESCO. up that would be above the national governments and would control the national governments. UNESCO has never preached that, and UNESCO's usage of "world citizenship" docs not mean literally citizenship in a world government. On March 21 [1952] at a meeting of the Executive Board of UNESCO we were struggling with tt translation of a French term, "civisme internationale," and it bad been translated as in the past, as world citizenship. One of the members of the Executive Board said. "Look, we're using the term citizenship without noting that it lias a legal connotation in our different nations. We are not using it with that connotation in UNESCO. We literally do not mean citizenship, which is a term implying legal rights and duties between a state and an individual." The Execu tive Board agreed with him that 1 were not using the term in a leffl sense. After a brief discussion ''" Chairman said that the Secretaw would redraft the document to *fl what we really meant. We meant eW cation for international understanding We meant education of citizens j, know the role they play in the wolj and what their moral obligations J good citizens of their own country ;"' toward the world as a whole. I have been at every UNESCO cOv fercnce except the one in 1946. I *1 present at London in 1945 when ' Constitution was drafted. ... AS member of the Executive Board X. ationa UNESCO where the program is ally drafted, ... I complete honesty can that itii"' assure v<><' \ there 'is j*J one grain of truth in the assertion '" UNESCO is preaching world gove"£ ment or one-world citizenship in \J political sense. The literature is*11,, by UNESCO, the resolutions for ^ program of 1952, among other tW'S call for the development ol a'"| methods lor education in citizenship, especially ill relation the principles of the Universal Dcc, j ation ol Human Bights. What '\ incans is that we want to teach I1'1'',. in respect the Universal DeclaraJj of Human Rights. That Declaratfil something which was unaniin"1'.^ passed in the General Assembly " I United Nations; even the Soviet Uf> j did not vote against [it], tboug11 abstained. ^veryone ac*, and a "Bade ret °P'nions. ] Pamphlets ""at none ( [ePresente, ''"ink it i ">, statem, ^'ves to s J^e conin "ational p *anted to Patriotism y Stali, >ld de,,, •hide of ^ch won £ one's c< °th« conn Ed pea. in '?es "la 11 the firs >ely u 6' E, '"'''ii "N place bee tected we indi rH' Cy werc 0»s; at ^ial effo: Fes, eve, pone's »ESIG pa NOT OFFICIAL VIEWS t1 A second charge is that pamphlets, "Toward World l1"'^ standing." put out by UNE' attempt to undermine the patri<% of the children attending Ani^'u' ,, schools and to replace that with » ^ $Jhe je . ■rnment. \]A b% R id'" alty toward world goven W are some .statements in the paml". /. "Toward World Understand** which go further than I would H this matter of training children to ^ regard for higher loyalties and s0„" but, the point about the pump" ^ that they are summaries of s('",.,r discussions, and thev no mon' '" . sent the policy of UNESCO *»»■ account of the discussion at this n!t||l tag would represent the policy Fa. is Forum News, A/"'' ot NED C^liofl i>entlv 1 '.(('"nig (I t-,',""ian Ii V, 'his m, Cetd7 by t \L "nited is ,5is dl is t utrit~\ nu-SS Optatives , W.0n"fii bl.lti, C!V of U S"Th" ' %t II,es, ^.attempt b ' mini Ts p, ORU>
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