U N E S C O —GO O D O
Do Russia and Its Satellites
Accept These Premises?
In the light of Soviet actions since
World War II, the USSR's acceptance of UNESCO and its principles
can be viewed with considerable skepticism. Until she signed the UNESCO
Constitution in April, 1954. Russia had
boycotted it and UNESCO had been a
consistent target of the Communist-
As a member of the United Nations,
Russia needed onlv to sign the
UNESCO Constitution to become a
What Is the U. S. Attitude
Toward Russia's Membership?
The United States will welcome a
Soviet decision to take part in
UNESCO's work with real sincerity of
purpose, but the burden of proof
rests upon it.
If the USSR is not sincere, the
world will be given another opportunity to contrast Soviet promises with
One thing is sure. Russia would not
have joined if she had not felt that
( NI'.SCO was an important force in
world affairs. Her presence makes it
more important than ever that the
United States continue to provide
effective leadership in UNESCO.
Is the Participation of the
American People Important to
Although UNESCO is necessarily
an intergovernmental organization, its
success is measured by the degree to
which it activates people-to-people
To do this, the UNESCO Constitution invited each member state to
form a National Commission, broadly
representative of the government and
of the principal groups in each country interested in educational, scientific, and cultural matters.
What Is the U. S. National
Commission for UNESCO?
It is a group of American citizens
appointed by the Secretary of State to:
(1) advise the Department of State
on UNESCO matters;
serve as the connecting link
with organizations, institutions,
and individuals interested in
I NESCO and matters relating
to UNESCO; and
(3) promote an understanding of
the general objectives of
UNESCO on the part of the
people of the United States.
How Does It Advise
It acts in a consultative capacity,
helping to select candidates for appointment to United States delegations to the General Conference.
Through a system of panels and
subcommittees, it makes a thorough
study of UNESCO's program and advises the U. S. government on the
specific positions its delegations
should take at the General Confer
How Does the U. S. National
Commission Serve as a Link
Between UNESCO and the
Educational, Scientific, and
Cultural Community of America?
Each month hundreds of requests
for information, many of them on
highly technical subjects, from people
doing practical and valuable work all
over the world — scientists, educators,
missionaries, etc. — come into the
UNESCO headquarters in Paris. Many
of the answers are here in the United
States — but where? These inquiries
are referred to the U. S. National
Commission. Through its many contacts, the U. S. National Commission
obtains the information requested or.
if appropriate, puts the United States
source of the information in direct
contact with UNESCO.
Each year the United States is in
vited to participate in dozens of in'1
national advisory, consultative. *
technical groups. This nation
much to offer the world at these '
shins, but il also has much to $
We sometimes forget what other'
tions have contributed to our edi*
"T own .
10 arrive a
j > Uuring
tional, scientific, and cultural wea» Nauona] f
We cannot afford to fail to particitf plan for |0(
in these meetings if we tire to <* loris." T/]](
tinue to develop as a produM
society. Perhaps James Madison j
ized this when in 1826 he wrote, *
country, il it does justice to itself." TL
be the workshop of liberty. . . ■" '
the task of the V. S. National Con1"'
sion to find the most qualified A""
cans to represent this nation.
How Does the U. S. National
Commission Go About Promoti™
Greater Understanding of
UNESCO Objectives Within
The United States?
'"f.".a Mii-eli''1' '"'
tional publications about UNESC
its work. ,|
By law it is required to caJ
National Conference at least *
two years at which hundreds of'
eis from voluntary organization*!
institutions of higher learning djl
and report on important intern-'"'
problems. They have addressed *™
selves to such questions as "HOj
We Increase United States EffH
ncss in Working With Other L
pies?," "What Docs the Balance!
of the United Nations Show?,
_;ecs and Surplus Population
ems," and "Raising the World
cational Level." In addition to '
• lie ei
Z .rlle Am
. — must
C i first
fbe T An>
C'<, > ve
Villagers in rural Delhi ore given seed pocks by o UNESCO advisor to the Indian Educati"" y
as part ol a "fundamental education" program for southeast India. Three truck carovan* J
state bringing lectures and exhibitions on basic subjects in an effort to help wipe out the
illiteracy rate of 84 per cent.
Fvi is FoittM Ni ws. A/"'1'' k