U N E S C O —GOO D OR
Who Decides What UNESCO Does?
The member states. Delegates from
these states meet in general conference at least once every two years.
They determine UNESCO's policies,
chart the main line of its work, review
and. if necessary, change the proposed
budget for the .coming period, and
elect a 22-member Executive Board
to make interim decisions. Each state
has one vote and a majority carries.
Who Does It?
UNESCO's affairs are managed by
a Director-General. His headquarters
are in Paris. Luther Evans, former
Librarian of the United States Library
of Congress, is the present Director-
General. He is UNESCO's third
Director-General and the first American to hold the post. Of his Secretariat
— about 850 employees — some 10 per
cent are Americans.
Do Delegates at the General
Conferences and on the Executive
Board Act as Representatives of
Yes. UNESCO is an intergovernmental organization. United States
delegates receive their instructions
from the Department of State. These
instructions are based partly upon the
advice provided by the U. S. National
Commission for UNESCO.
In What Other Way Does the
American Government Control
American Participation in
Each vear appropriations to meet
the United States' share of UNESCO
budgets are prepared by the State
Department and reviewed by the Executive Office of the President, Bureau
of the Budget, before being presented
to the Congress. That body, in turn,
scrutinizes these requests in the same
manner that it studies any other proposed expenditure.
What Does UNESCO Cost?
UNESCO's regular budget is about
ten million dollars a year. It also receives varying sums from the United
Nations Technical Assistance Program
for special work in underdeveloped
areas. These are voluntary contributions. The United States pays 30 per
cent of the regular budget. This
amoiuit — three million dollars — represents a per capita cost to Americans
of slightly less than two cents a year.
de Fontenoy in Paris, ^
be seven stories
New headquarters for UNESCO are being constructed on the
sight of the Militory School of Paris and the Eiffel Tower. The building wi .. _
with a housing capacity for 1500, a parking lot for 150 cars, an additional underground garage, .j
a conference room for 1500. It is expected to be completed within the first six months of
What Does UNESCO Do?
Through its program UNESCO
strives to surmount certain significant
handicaps to international peace.
the lack of education and the opportunity for education,
the lack of understanding and cooperation among peoples of different nations, religions, and cultures,
the obstacles to the free flow of
information, ideas, and of people
between nations, and
the lack of scientific knowledge and
how to use such knowledge for
the improvement of living conditions.
UNESCO, therefore, is helping underdeveloped countries to create primary and secondary school systems,
while at the same time helping them
to teach their adult illiterates the fundamental knowledge and skills which
they need in their daily lives to help
improve their standard of living and
to become responsible citizens.
It gives and has given technical
advice to nations to help build press
and radio systems adapted to the practical needs of their people.
It encourages all nations to use their
press, radio, and television facilities
to foster better international understanding.
It has published catalogs of the best
available color reproductions of
It has made available transWl
from Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, ]"H
ncse. Italian, Spanish, and PortUfSJ
to make the literary genius of the"1
ferent peoples available in many
UNESCO calls the attention,
member states to barriers to the
5°«S Of ;
5** the v
►*. it it
i of the t
I the w
How of persons, ideas, and knoW*J
between nations, suggesting wh«jj
possible practical actions to rel"
UNESCO assists member state*
the establishment of their library* of t946 U?
museum services and helps train r ^inj^^ts t<
sonnel for these institutions. J Nl&-U-m i
UNESCO" encourages and ^"1^,5 by u
!^2* «f <
nates scientific research for tl"' f \ . v'
provement of living conditions- u ^..
the past four vears it has P" | VftVfe,syst'
research on arid zone problc"1*^ ««f '°j livinj
setting ti]) an International A'lv| I \. Uanienl
Committee on Arid Zone Resear<j"'j \syn Whin
addition to the collection and ^
change of information, UNESC1^
various aspects of arid zone rl"'''f tj1V'i|jr,Js. in c
conducted international meeting Nj,.^'1'1'
bringing together experts fr°° (i .
over the world to combine th6' j $ a'/or exa
„■ fi.-ht W '
sources and talents in the fight W V re suboi
the desert. «l S aSsentials
Finally, UNESCO provide- 'l
clearinghouse of information
h1 r. • ""
latest methods, techniques, and' .j) \tet,/'n.e't'')i
opments in education, sciencft \ y ".'".lie:
culture. h ' ational
F\( is Forum News, Aprl