What do you know about the specialized agency of the United
Nations known as UNESCO? Some think it is doing a great job.
Others think some changes need to be made. Still others radically
disagree with the whole idea. Here and on the following pages
are some statements representative of various points of view.
owing are excerpts from ih< booklet,
™Momu and Answers about UNESCO,
''."''"-lied bv the II. S. National Commia-
*'a« for I NESCO, Department of State,
Washington 25, D. C.)
ot Is UNESCO?
Ihe United Nations Educational
^"'ntific and Cultural Organization
■ "lie of ten specialized international
'^'"ties affiliated with the United
,/"'ons. Its purpose, stated in its
: • ■ tn contribute to peace and secu-
.1-v by promoting collaboration among
.'"' nations through education, science
'"<' culture in order to further universal
^'HX'1'1 for justice, for the rule of law
jr™ tor the human rights and lunda-
jj'l't-il freedoms which are affirmed for
j?8 Peoples "I the world, without dis-
..'"'''"ii ol race, sex, language or reli-
peoples nl the world, « ithoul dis-
■ juon of race, sex, language or reli-
v"". by the Charter ol the United
I, Constitution of
0* Did UNESCO Get Started?
/\|i."'' of the problems lacing the
\v '''<' leaders (lining World War II
and restoring the educational
On. cultura] heritage of war-torn
and libraries had
Hl(r" generations of minds had been
be jP?1' —with what then seemed to
„ r,f!htening efficiency.
L ?«'sinen, educators, cultural lead-
'kit" '"any countries were convinced
Kg., '"' international organization
\r he set up to pool Allied rc-
iii., t?8 '111(1 skills for the job of mend-
havoc of the war and to
better international uiidcr-
V's ,;5 representatives of 43 coun-
VH' '"eluding the United Stales.
^(j "l> a constitution for this organi-
"• Delegates from the United
States played a substantial role in
dialling the document and espociallv
in widening the concept of the organization to a broad pcople-to-people
type of collaboration.
Why Was the United States
Leaders in both the executive
branch and in the (.'(ingress, and private organizations as well, saw this
organization as a necessary part of the
foundations for lasting peace. To the
private organizations, at least, it was
no new idea. Since the founding of
this country private citizens have
taken pail in international cooperation in intellectual and cultural fields.
Such organizations as the Internationa] Union of Peace Associations in
the International Cooperative Alliance
had been formed before World War I.
During the interwar period such
groups as the International Council
of Scientific Unions, the International
Union ol Academies, the International
Federation of University Women, and
Rotary International had affiliate organizations in this country. And,
although the U. S. government did
not participate in the League of Nations International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation, a National Com-
mittee of International Intellectual
Cooperation had been set up in this
Thus, these and many others, including religious and philanthropic
groups whose work had long ago
taken them into international educational and cultural matters, gave their
support to the proposed organization.
Accordingly, resolutions were introduced in the House of Representatives
"urging" the 1 . S. gov (ailment to participate in the creation of a permanent
international organization for educational and cultural cooperation In
Representative (now Senator) Karl
Mundt of South Dakota, and in the
Senate by Senators William Fulbright
of Arkansas and Robert Taft of Ohio.
They passed with overwhelming majorities. Later our participation in
UNESCO was ratified by a vote of
264 to -11 in the House and without
dissent in the Senate.
Who Belongs to UNESCO?
There are now 74 member states.
They are as follows:
"Hi vi \, ws. .\pril, 1956
Korea, Republic of
I Iranian S.S.R.
Union of South
I nited Kingdom