DOWN TO EARTH Or
Nine-Point Farm Plan
rather than in wheat, cotton, or whatever. However, this
type of payment could be made more attractive to them
by the addition of bonus bushels of wheat, bales of cotton, etc., if they would take their payment in kind.
The Surplus Disposal, as point No. 2, would be accomplished by bartering perishable agricultural products for
nonperishable strategic materials. And it is likely that
donations to the needy, both at home and abroad, would
be utilized, as well as cut-rate sales.
Strengthening Commodity Programs, as point No. 3,
would mean simply a program of raised price support for
some crops. Eisenhower, in his message to Congress, made
the statement that the Administration:
(a) Whenever possible will continue to ease or eliminate
controls over farmers; and
(b) For commodities on which price supports arc discretionary, will continue to support these prices at the highest
levels possible without accumulating new price-depressing
Another provision of point No. 3 is that when the livestock market becomes glutted and prices disrupted, the
government would, if necessary, purchase livestock and
bolster prices. Too. there would be stepped-up school
lunch use, as well as use by the armed services.
A Dollar Limit on Price Supports, as point No. 4,
would provide a maximum price-support loan to anv one
particular farm or individual. According to Eisenhower,
". . . The limit should be sufficiently high to give full
protection to efficiently operated farms."
A Rural Development Program, as point No. 5, has as
. It is a
its purpose the aiding of smaller farms and the low-incom1
farm families. Heretofore, those who benefited most frfll
farm programs have been the larger farms, with thw
higher production. Assisting in this development prograi*
would be the departments of Commerce, Health, Ediic*
tion and Welfare, and Agriculture.
The Great Plains Program, as point No. 6, would pt°
vide special help against the hazards of this partial!]
area, such help consisting of government money, techn
eians and credit. This would be a program directed towai
better land use and better farming practices in the dl
lands of the West, where drought and soil-blowing are
constant threat. According to Eisenhower, some desiraW
modifications of existing legislation include:
1. Provision for long-time cost-sharing commitment!
under the agricultural-conservation program, and
2. Relaxation of planting requirements to maintain Ikisc
acreage for wheat allotments.
Research, as point No. 7, would seek new techniqi|£i
products, markets and uses of agricultural prodttc"
Research could help utilize our present abundant
finding new uses for agricultural products. A refined tiP
keting mechanism, plus refrigeration and new process!
techniques, could accomplish much. To quote from Eisf|1 easi'ng n
hower's speech: f the Gas
Marketing margins have continued to increase, even whiM
larni prices have heen declining. Thus the fanner's share t)t
the retail food dollar has shrunk appreciably. Retail prices
have changed little, therein impeding desired increases i'1
consumption. We must find ways to lower costs of fond liisti''
button. Research is an effective way to help attain thfl
Credit, as point No. 8, would give the kind of aid
has come ]
7° are wi
r° are th,
I »iake it
Bales Awaiting Rails.
This cotton compress
near Shiner, Texas,
is filled to capacity, ana
overflow boles of
cotton ore piled in an
adjoining field while
These bales occupy more
than a quarter-mile
from the compress to
S> Of al
Ice, ere *
t0 "l to 1,1
,\ [DE WOJU D PHOTO
Facts Forum \i ws, \;»