The Cougar Scientist
> Portia: I looked over the textbook
for the meaning of an amalgam.
Prof. Bishkin: Yes, but not in it.
* A German scientist converts wood
into food. Now "board and rooms" can
be taken literally.—South Bend Tri-
A Potent Brain Food
Dear Sir; I cheerfully recommend,
■ *your sardines as a brain food. I was
lost in the mazes of chemistry. After
eating one box of your sardiens, I,
thoroughly understood all about electrons.
If Sir Isaac Newton had based his,
calculations on a skirt we observed
yesterday, instead of on the apple, the
thoughtful old boy would have concluded that the law of gravitation
worked in the opposite direction.
No, Nora, Sir Isaac Newton did not
invent fig newtons.
f . * * *
Professor: So you've never used sodium stearate?
Student: No, sir; what is it?
* Professor: Soap!
Rah for the Muzzle
^ Willie: "Did Mr. Edison make the
first talking machine, Pa?"
Pa: "No, my son. God made the
first talking machine, but Edison made
•the first one that could be shut off.
Reaction and Reduction
We now have before us the question
I *of a simple reaction, followed by the
• application of a reducing agent, i.e., a,
' drunken man in a restaurant by a
pimple reaction combines with every-
^ thing in reach; but the proprietor act*-
a' a reducing agent.
| Example: Young lady cashier rushes
I .out excitedly and calls in the proprie-
* tor. Proprietor rushes to drunken
' man at the counter, feels his pockets,
1 and recovers a bottle of ketchup, salt
*and pepper. A further effect of the
reduction, is to precipitate a ten-dollar
bill into the cash register.
Scientists have produced a more permanent finish for cars, but nothing yet
invented beats a locomotive.
nice and safe
i need is a gaa
, Of course helium is
around fire, but what \
that is safe to step on
Anthropologists always go away
from home to search for the missing
link. Thanks for the compliment.—
A prehistoric skeleton has been
found, its legs wrapped around Its
neck. This would seem to indicate
• that the rumble seat is older than we
BY RICHARD MOELLER
, There are fires caused by many different kinds of substances. Some of
these fires can be extinguished by
water, others can not. The main pur*
" pose in attempting to extinguish a fire
is to prevent oxygen from coming in
contact with the flame. Fires caused
by ordinary sources can not burn without oxygen. When a substance like
oil is burning water is of little value,
because the oil is lighter than the
■ water and it therefore floats on top
of the water. - Sand, earth, or sawdust
is the best method of extinguishing a
lighter than water substance. Sawdust
i" better than sand or earth because
it will float on top of the burning fluid
and thus it cuts off the supply of oxygen from the flame.
Many chemicals have been used for
• the extinguishing of flames. Attempts
have been made to employ certain
gases which do not support combustion, and that can be obtained com-
* mercially at a fairly cheap rate. The
advantages of this method are doubt
ful. If the flame is in the open there
r is a draft of hot air that forms a rapid
upward current which would draw the
extinguishing gas upwards and out of
the region of the flame. This method
can be used in a closed area where
the gas can be applied without escap
ing. An example of this is: If there
were a chimney on fire, the combustion could be stopped by throwing a
handful of sulfur on the fire in the
grate. The sulfur burns, forming sulfur dioxide which is drawn into the
chimney by the draft. The sulfur
dioxide takes the place of the oxygen
by forcing it out of the chimney. As
soon as the oxygen is excluded from
the flame the fire is extinguished.
Due to the fact that certain gases
and salts will extinguish a fire under
certain conditions, many different types
of apparatus have been designed.
These various types of apparatus vary
in size from the pint milk bottle to
the motor driven fire truck. Some of
the gases that have been used successfully for this purpose are: Carbon
dioxide, hydrochloric acid gas, and
ammonia, none of which support combustion. Some of the salts which are
used are common salt and borax,
tungstates, and phosphates of the alkali metals. These salts form a protective coating on the surface which
is burning and this excludes the
Chemical extinguishers may be divided into two classes. One class is
the extinguisher that contains liquid
carbon dioxide i n a capsule, that can
be pierced when ready for use, or the
gas generated rapidly from a charge
of some carbonate, such as sodium
carbonte, in the presence of an acid
and a large volume of water. When
the gas forms it causes a great pressure to be exerted. This pressure
causes the carbon dioxide gas to be
dissolved in the water. The force of
the gas causes the carbon dioxide and
the water to pass through the small
hole or nozzle in the extinguisher on
to the flame. As soon as the water
which has the carbon dioxide in it
reaches the outside air it gives up the
gas. The gas together with the water
passes to the flame where it drives
away the oxygen. The water has a
cooling effect upon the burning surface. The salts which are in solution
also coats the burning surface. All
these combined effects help to cool and
extinguish the flame.
Sodium carbonate and sulfuric or
hydrochloric acid are usually employed
to give the rapid evolution of the gas.
These chemicals must be kept separate
in the apparatus until the time when
the extinguisher is ready to be used.
There are several methods employed
to keep the components of the mixture separate. One method to obtain
this is to place the acid in a thin
glass bottle which is left unsealed, at
the top qf the apparatus, and have the
carbonate dissolved in the water contained in the extinguisher. When the
apparatus is ready to be used it is
turned upside down, this permits the
acid to run-out of the bottle and mingle with the sodium carbonate that is
in the solution. The rapid evolution
of the gas occurs immediately. Another
method of keeping the acid separate_
is to place it in a sealed bottle. This
bottle is either broken by the release
of a weight in the apparatus or by a
blow on a plunger from outside. In
the large type of extinguisher the bottle containing the acid is sealed by a
lead capsule. This capsule can be
pierced by a lever on the outside of;
The second class of extinguisher
contains solutions of chemicals which
coat the combustible materials. Some
of these chemicals give off gases,
which do not support combustion,
when they are heated.
A very effective solution of this type
is one that contains sodium sulfide
and ammonia chloride. When this is
thrown upon a fire sulfur dioxide and
ammonia gas are given off. These
gases smother the fire, and at the same
time a glaze of common salt is formed
on the surface of the burning material.
For small fires in a closed area the
chemical extinguishers have proved
very useful, hut for fires in the open,
that have gained considerable headway, they are practically useless. A
fire can be rapidly and easily extinguished when it is attacked in the early
stages of its development, but in many
cases fires originate during the night
or when no one is present. Thi* permits a fire to gain considerable head
way before it is noticed. To comba
this many automatic devices have been
devised, such as sprinklers. When
LIBRARY CLUB MEETS
The Junior College Library Club
held its second social meeting Thursday, March 26, at the home of Mary
Adele Cobb. Those attending were
Mm. L. W. Shearer and the members
including Misses Iona Brown, Isabella
Ventresca, Jeannette Willman, Eleanor
Stanfield, Mildred Lark in, Helen Tom-
lin. Mrs.- Shearer's daughter, Mrs,
Hudgins, attended as the guest of honor. The meeting was called to order
and a literary program followed. Miss
Willman gave a talk on "Lighting in
the Library," Miss Stanfield recited
"Captain Siren," Miss Brown gave an
interesting article on "Sinclair Lewis,"
the Noble prize winner, and Miss Cobb
gave some readings on Jonathan Swift,
the literary character, by Wm. Makepeace Thackeray. Mrs. Shearer, the
librarian and organizer of the club,
contributed to the program with some
readings on a "Cruise to Europe."
After the completion of the program,
a luncheon course was served, the
Easter holiday motif being carried
out. The meeting then adjourned with
bright prospects in mind for future
meetings, judging from the already
successful past affairs. If the club progresses as rapidly in accomplishments
and spirit as heretofore, the Houston
Junior College will have a library club
of predominance to look forward to in
the years to come.
Cougar Collegians, pep club, held its
first initiation for the spring term in
Mrs. Bender's office at 7:10 p.m. Monday, March 30.
Edith Lord, the new member, received congratulations from Genevieve
Weldon, president, and other club
Hazel Taylor, treasurer, made
quest for all club members to pay their
spring term dues sometime in the near
MRS. SCOTT HONORED
. Mrs. Harvey Scott, nee Ruth Kidd,
formerly president of the Pep Club,
was honored by the Cougar Collegians
Saturday afternoon at an informal tea
given at the home of Miss Genevieve
Weldon, president of the society.
■Mrs. Scott was also president of the
Cougar Collegians during the time that
she was a student at Junior Collej
In the receiving line were Rena Mae
Butler, Hazel Taylor, Lucille Cafcalas,
Mrs. John R. Bender, and Mrs. Kidd,
mother of the honoree.
Decorations carried out the color
scheme of pink and green, while table
decorations of sweet peas and roses
added charm to the scene.
The social commitee representing
(he Collegians was composed of the
following members: Maurine Edmin-
ster, Maurine Keach, Nelwyn Turner,
and Marie Coppin.
FRESHMEN MAKE" PLANS
Plans for the annual Freshman picnic
were discussed Wednesday evening at
a called meeting of the class.
Tentative plans for the event were
agreed upon, one of which is that the
picnic will be held on the first week
in May. On that date all freshmen
will take their bathing suits, and their
lunch baskets and go to the San Jacinto river club.
A minimum fee of fifteen cents has
been decided for the expenses of the nesday, April 15. The H. J. C. team
picnic. | will meet the visitors in an annual de
bate in the regular general assembly
program in the auditorium.
Revenge lurks in the mind of Coach
Harris—revenge for a defeat suffered
last year in Beaumont in a similar debate. This contest is over the Free
Trade question, also.
HONORARY SOCIETY MEETS
Members of the H. J. C. Honorary
Society met Wednesday, April 8, at
hich time a constitutino was adopted,
also a pin to be worn by the members.
Those who belong to this organiza-
sn have made an average grade of B.
The next meeting of the -society will
be held on April 12, at 3 p.m., at the
home of Mrs. Floyd P. Soule. Mrs.
Soule states that many of those eligible for the society have not attended.
The newly elected officers are:
President, Earlene Gunn; vice-president, Marie Coppin; secretary, Louise
Shepperd; treasurer, Ruth Wheeler.
MRS. SHEARER RETURNS
College students are glad to welcome Mrs. Hanna Shearer, school librarian, back after her ten days'
Mrs. Shearer was hit by a Ford truck
while walking across a street intersection near the school building. She was
knocked down and severely bruised.
Again we say we are glad that she
s able to be back with us.
MRS. OBERHOLTZER IMPROVING
Mrs. E. E. Oberholtzer, wife of Superintendent Oberholtzer of the city
schools, is rapidly convalescing according to the latest reports given out by
attendants. On Saturday Mrs. Oberholtzer was able to go for a short automobile ride. She is just recovering
from a severe attack of influenza last
ig some eight or nine'weeks.
Miss Violet Herbert is back at school
fter several days' absence due to illness.
Miss Sammy Lane Fowler is report
ed to be still in the hospital at Cam-
i, Tex. Miss Fowler was a student
at H. J. C. last semester.
sprinklers are used the room of the
building is fitted with a system of
pipes which have nozzles on the ends
of them. These nozzles have a seal
in them that consists of some easily
fusible metal. If there is any serious
rise in temperature the seals will melt.
When the seals hav melted, water
sprayed throughout the room. Fusible
alloys have also found use In the
lease of fireproof doors, windows, etc.
With these automatic sprinklers,
tomatic alarms have ben placed in
buildings. These alarms sound at any
convenient place, such as a fire sta
'tion. There are various methods employed for the action of these alarms.
Some alarms work due to the
equal expansion of the metals, others
work due to the relative expansion of
large and small masses of the same
metal. The main purpose in all the
automatic alarms is to complete thi
electric circuit and thus ring the bell
(Continued from Page 1)
rapid g»owth and support it is begin'
ig to stand among the leading edu
cational institutions in the state."
Several new courses are included in
the program foi the summer. Outstanding among these is education
213-1, the study and application of the
methods of teaching industrial arts
the elementary schools. It is especially
designed for the training of the teach-
in directing projects and instructing under the integrated curriculum.
Of interest to teachers and present
.A. candidates is the proposed course
t special physics. This is a general
physics course with less problem work,
planned to satisfy degree requirement;
and supply the student with a basic
knowledge of physics.
Applicants may register June 1 and
2. Late registrations, accompanied by
the regular fee will me accepted June
3 through 8.
No registration for credit may bi
made after that date. Further information and detailed programs may be
obtained in the Houston Junior College
(Continued from Page 1)
calas will debate a girls' team from
South Park Junior College of Beaumont in the general assembly program.
Wednesday, April 15.
Today witnesses verbal battles between debating taems from Westminster Junior College at Tehuacana and
from H. J. C.
(Continued from Page 1)
drew up, and whisked the unconscious
man to a hospital.
;'s all in the day's work of a fireman; you can't fight fires standing in
the street," remarked a husky fighter
when questioned by a man standing
The fire was not discovered until it
had gained considerable headway. As
the first arrivals came near the house
they saw the family sitting quietly eating their evening meal while the roof
blazed above them. C. A» Scanlon,
manager of a nearby cafe, was one of,
the first arrivals. He dashed into the
house to warn the occupants.
An elderly man who was sitting at
the table arose suddenly and dashed
up the stairs to the second floor.
The restaurant man followed to the
top of the stairs where he found the
man had slumped down in a fain^
within a few feet of the fire. With the
help of others in the house, the old
man was carried away from danger.
For about 20 minutes fire burned
fiercely; but with the arrival of sev-
ral fire companies the flames began
to slacken and soon were entjrely extinguished.
The extent of damage is not known
exactly. The roof and upper floor were
ruined by fire, while water greatly
aged the remainder. The building
frame structure of a rather old-
fashioned type and is surrounded by
similar structures. The fact that there
was very little wind probably prevented far greater damage to the
The house is the property of Mrs.
J. C. Foster who is the widow of the
late General Foster, Civil War veteran
and one-time commander of the
United Confederate Veterans.
(Continued from Page 1)
negro spiritual called, "Couldn't Hear
A solo number was presented by
Vida McGriff who had made 5 A's in
A mixed chorus of voices singing
"I'm Alone Because I Love You," and
"When Your Hair Has Turned to Silver."
Dean D. E. Fox, who is also the director of the choral club, explained
that there were 355 students enrolled
in the Negro Junior College.
Mr. Dupree thanked the singers in
behalf of the Houston Junior College,
and invited them to return again next.
Other numbers on the program were:
"Holy Unto the Lord," by hte girls'
quintet; "Down by the Riverside,"
boys' quintet; "Couldn't Hear Nobody
Pray," Vida McGriff and girls; "Oh,
Mary, Don't You Weep," boys' quintet;
"Popular Songs Group," mixed chorus;
"Smoked a Cigar," boys' group.
(Continued from Page 1)
into the high-salaried groups as those
I who graduate in the lowest third. Gen-
Both boys and girls will debate the erally speaking the men with the
proposition, "Resolved, That the Na- highest scholastic records get the most
tions of the World Should Adopt a responsible jobs and the best salaries
Policy of Free Trade." | afterward. A number of large corpo-
One contest started at 5:00 p.m., the rations have standing offers open with
other starts at 9:30. The music room | various colleges to give good jobs to
on the first floor is trie scene of ac- the leading scholars in every class.
tion. And don't think the college students
Phil Hamberger and Gordon Jones haven't waked up to that fact long
will represent H. J. C. in the boys' j ahead of the public in general. At
contest, while Elizabeth Sinclair and Amherst recently 80 per cent of the
Lucille Cafcalas debate in the girls'] senior class indicated that they prized
division. Phi Beta Kappa (scholarship society)
Coach Harvey W. Harris has prom- ahead of any other college distinction,
ised two splendid debates. Last Fri- Yale students have often indicated a
day, at Tehuacana, Jo Ed Winfree similar preference.
ceded first place in an oratory. contest The college students who get mixed
to a Westminster boy, and the teams up in booze parties and the like get
determined to avenge the loss.
This debate is a scheduled meet of
the Texas 'Junior College Public
Speaking Association. For the first
time this year, Houston Junior College
is a member of the organization.
South Park Junior College of Beaumont sends a girls' team here Wed-
the publicity. The ones who work at
their studies get the jobs.
It has been written:
He that bloweth
Not his own horn
The same shall
Not be blown.