By Quintus Cato
Snakes, though cold-blooded and
actually below the temperature of the
surrounding air most of the time, can
warm up appreciably under suitable
conditions. This was demonstrated by
measurements made on the body temperature of a female African python
while she was incubating a "sitting"
The temperature of the maternal
python while she was trying to hatch
her eggs was 93 degrees Fahrenheit,
not much below the temperatude of
warm-blooded animals. The temperature of the surrouding air was only
86 degrees. Normally, the temperature
of a snake is not even as high as
that of the surrounding air.
Turtles have a much higher heat
production per unit area of surface
than do the snakes, alligators, or
lizards. Bears, wood chucks, and
ground squirrels, winter - sleeping
warm-blooded animals, become colder
and colder as they sink deeper into
their hibernating state, until their
body temperatures may not be any
higher than those of a snake, and may
drop almost to the freezing point
without killing them.
Scientists Split Atom
Two young British physical
searchers in the Cavendish Laboratory
at Cambridge University claim to
have acheived the goal scientists have
sought for years—that of splitting the
atom. According to an announcement
by Lord Ernest Rutherford, director of
the laboratory, they have not only
succeeded in splitting the atom, but
have transmuted one element into
other element—atoms of hydrogen into
atoms of helium. The successful splitters of Mr. Atom are Dr. J. D. Crock-
roft and E. T. S. Walton. They have
been working on the problem for several years, therefore chemistry students do not become discouraged while
working that twelfth unknown.
Fighting With Fumes
While visiting a chemistry laboratory,
one notes the different gases in the
room such as chlorine, hydrogen sulphide, and others. There was no
practical use for these gases outside
of the laboratory until they played a
part in the World War.
Chlorine gas was first introduced by
the Germans. Unknowingly, the allies
were victims of these poisonous fumes
and after these fumes cleared away,
the Germans advanced finding dead
soldiers in their pathway.
Another gas used extensively by
the Germans was phosgine. It was
composed of carbon monoxide and
chlorine. The odor was confused with
that of green corn, and the soldiers
were poisoned before they detected
the gas. To exert themselves under
the influence of this gas meant certain
During the latter part of the war,
mustard gas was also Used by the Germans. This gas flooded the battlefields, staying in the same place for
many hours. On account of this property the soldiers wore their masks continuously for many hours. Eventually
they had to remove their masks, and
they too died from the effect. Mustard gas is composed of hydrogen,
sulphur, and chlorine, and is called
di-chloro-di-ethyl-chloride, but chemists tire of this long name and call rt
The allies were kept very busy protecting themselves against this gas,
perfecting gas masks, and manufacturing gases for their use.
The Americans manufactured a gas
that was not as poisonous as mustard
gas; however, it persisted in penetrating the gas mask, and forcing the
wearer to remove it thus poisoning
The delegates from many nations
have tried to have the use of posion-
ous gases abolished in warfare, but
no agreement has been made to that
effect since so many delegates are in
favor of its use.
In older times the kings thought that
they had to have perfumes sprayed
over them and their robes in order
to be fit to sit on the throne. But to
have perfume on them meant that
they must first acquire the perfume
from some place or anothter.
The perfumes that were used were
from some foreign country many miles
away. If a person were to go to one
of the countries, say India, and return
with the desires f the king, he should
feel happy. He would become wealtny
for the king would pay much for the
little amount of scented water or desirable odored spices that the traveler
had returned with.
In ease there were many men who
wanted to go to some foreign land to
secure these luxuries, a ship would be
fitted for that purpose. These voyages
made by the men and their ship were
very perilous for while at sea a storm
may hurl the tiny vessel and its occupants to destruction. The voyages
would take many months and even
years to make, but upon their return
with their cargo, they would become
immensely rich by the sale of the perfumes and spices.
As the years went by, man experimented in the chemical laboratories
trying to discover new things. The
coal-tar products were discovered.
From the components of the coal-tar
synthetic perfumes were manufactured. This discovery made chemists interested. They experimented more
until they could make almost any odor
that they desired.
Upon studying their processes carefully the chemists were able to por-
j some synthetic perfumes that
produced a stronger odor per unit
volume, of perfume ,than the true perfume. Much credit must be given to
the German chemists for they are the
ones who have done most. The perfumes of Germany have been sent out
over the world, for many years, to be
Among those nationalities who
bought these synthetic perfumes were
the French. The perfumes that the
Americans buy from the French people are thought to be very good, but
. matter of fact the perfumes
bought from the French people are
;tly those synthetic perfumes
bought from the Germans. The only
difference is that the French have
used high sounding names while the
Germans have not practiced this so
Synthetic perfumes are steadily replacing the natural perfumes for the
manufacturing cost of synthetic perfumes is less than that asked for the
By Exna Throgmorton
Dr. Leung, the assistant director of
the technical laboratories of the Lyons
(France) police department has recently invented a most revolutionary
method of reproducing fingerprints
direct, without the aid of photography.
This new invention does away with
the old method in which much of the
fine detail in the fingerprint is lost,
because, first, the print is transfered
to paper, then the paper with the print
is photographed; then a photograph is
made from the negative. Thus, in
each of these steps, some valuable details are lost. With Dr. Leung's invention no detail whatsoever is lost.
His invention consists of a mixture
which has a base of collodion, amyl,
acetate, acetone and ether. This solution is kept in a bottle; it is applied
in this fashion: Tbe detective begins
by first dusting the object, on which
fingerprints are found, with "animal
black." Over this is poured some of
the mixture which quickly forms a
thin film, transparent as glass. This
film can be lifted easily off the object
on which it is deposited; and on it is
found the reproduction of the fingerprint, with every detail perfectly u>~
corded. There is no necessity for
making photographs, since the film can
be carried about easily. The traces of
the fingerprints can be studied from
both sides of the film because of the
Dr. Leung's system is to be adopted
by every police department in France
because of its economy, trustworthiness, and accuracy, and dependability.
Charcoal Made by Primitive Method
By Grady A. Murdoch
While other methods used in the
United States mint at Philadelphia
have kept pace with progress, the
high grade charcoal necessary in making the dies for coining gold and silver
money is still burned from selected
oak in the most primitive way. The
process consists of burning selected
oaken logs below a blanket of sand
which excludes the air. In this way
the logs are allowed to charr slowly.
The charred logs are then carefully
treated in the pulverizing mill and
freed of sand and all foreign matter.
Skill is needed to know when the
process should stop.
He: Gosh! What makes it so cold in
She: The electric refrigerator just
got struck by lightning.
A London chemist has been trying
the effect of a new tonic on a moiue.
He was more than satisfied, we understand, when the little creature put its
tongue out at the cat.
Bohunk: What fo' you name yo'
baby "Electricity," Mose?
Mose: Well, mah name am Mose, and
mah wife's .name am Dinah, and if
Dinahmose don't make electricity,
what does dey make?
Onions are said to throw off violet
rays. We suspect that the scientist
who asserted that, had not smelted any
Scientists are wondering about the
age of the earth, while an author wonders why it is often referred to as
"she". One question should answer
According to scientists, the next
war will be fought by wireless. What
we heard on our set the other night
made us think it had started.
If you heat iron, it expands; if you
heat water, it boils; if you heat water
and iron in the same vessel, it's very
Astronomers have reported a new
a new star in the constellation "Lizzie
I" it has been named "Henry Fordius."
Facts and Features
A mass of protons, which are the
nuclei of atoms, the size of a baseball
would be heavy enough to drop
through the earth to its center.
A mouse's brain is 5 per cent of its
body by weight, while a man's brain
is but 2 per cent. These intelligent
The flame from the tip of an oxy-
acetylene torch has a temperature
4,000 degrees higher than the melting
point of copper, yet copper tips are
always used on the torches, and they
never melt! This is explained by the
fact that copper is an excellent conductor of heat and dissipates the majority of the heat of the flame to other
parts of the torch head.
Microscopes show that a mosquito
has twenty-two teeth. Are you telling us?
Mosquitos do not like the colors yellow and white. A hint to the wise is
Rayon has been manufactured from
waste sugar cane pulp.
Pink tinted mirrors are being perfected which give a natural color reflection. What about Rastus?
Ordinary pansy seed sells for $540
a pound, while a pound of gold is
worth only $330.72.
The plane which won the last Schneider Trophy race flew 415 miles per
hour. The muzzle velocity of a British
revolver is 409 miles per hour!
By adding one percent of banana oil
to kerosene it can be made odorless
and will burn with a bright clear
(Continued from Page 1)
tered the business world and had
made a success with his little clothing
store on Main Street.
Doctor Donald Aitken was introduced as the professor of biology at
the University of Texas. He related
some of his experiences in his field
and told how scared he was when he
found the missing link in Egypt. Tlis
wife, the former Ruth Depperman, was
in Egypt with him at the time of his
Ruth liked Egypt so well that she
did not decide to return until th? day
of the reunion. She caught a dirigible
and arrived in Houston just in time
for the reunion. Ruth said she little
thought when she was going to Junior
College that she would some day be
the dean of women at the University
of Texas. She explained, however,
that she liked her work and that it
gave her time to attend to her and
Donald's two little aiks.
Jane Hudgins said she liked her job
as a solicitor for Scullins College where
she got to travel all the time and met
different kinds of people.
Evelyne Cochran had been dead for
ten years. Harold Colin tried to get
in touch with her on his machine, but
failed to locate her.
Harold Cohn, the toastmaster, said
that he went back to Rice another
five years and finally emerged an engineer. He also said that he was glad
bis former classmates had responded
to his invitation to join in the reunion.
Florence Kendrick was introduced
as a candidate for governor of Texas.
She declined to make a campaign
speech; instead she told how she helped
her friend, Helen Higgins, get her first
two divorces. She explained that
Helen had her hair dyed green soon
after she married her firs thusband He
was a little old-fashioned and so he
divorced her. Soon after she was
married the second time she had her
hair dyed pink. Her second husband
just could not stand pink, and so he
divorced her. The third husband was
color blind, but he did not live long.
The speaker did not go into details
about the remaining three husbands.
Miss Kendrick said she was sorry to
see Mr. Green so broken in health
and recalled the days when Leon was
one of Houston Junior College's foremost athletes back in 1932.
Florence said she was glad to see
Doctor Harris's permanent wave and
told how it used to be considered
"sissy' 'for a man to have a permanent
wave. She recalled the memory of her
former classmates to the times Doctor
Harris used to tell about men wearing
nineteen layers of cloth around then-
necks and added that it was refreshing to see him looking so fresh and
(Continued from page 1)
this occasion has not yet been announced.
Both of these services are open to
the public, and in order to facilitate
the attendance of the Junior College
students, there will be no classes
after 6:00 o'clock on Wednesday night.
The list of H. J. C. graduates is as
Mrs. Meta Bland, Elizabeth Bastian,
Jennie Jo Bentley, Jim Bertrand,
Bobby Branham, Bernice Branum, O.
D. Brown, Arthur Burns, Eleanor
Busbey, Rena Mai Butler, Verna Ruth
Compere, Avis Cook, Florine Davis,
Elizabeth Dickenson, Elizabeth Ferguson, Christine Fitzgerald, Evelyn
Harris, John Heaner, Violet Herbert,
Louis Higginbotham, Pauline Katribe,
Elizabeth Kerbow, Rosemary Lawrence, Hugo Lueders, Jesus MacCar-
dell, Harry D. Matthews, Myrta Ann
Meisner, Catheryn Meyers, Louise
A bullet has been developed in Germany which has a muzzle velocity of
a mile per second! It will not
wear the rifles of the gun it is used
in, and at fifty feet it will smash
through a half inch of compound
chrome-nickel armor. It is to be used
fighting army tanks.
Dr. Vannevar Bush of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has
invented an electric machine which
will perform complex differential
equations in calculus. It will solve in
few minutes, equations which usually take weeks of hard work to compute. (Now there is an excuse for
calculus to be omitted from college
Airplane propellers are being made
from cotton! And that's not all; they
are even making roads from cotton
A barber in Portland, Oregon, subjects his customers to 200,000 volts of
electricity when they come to him
for a haircut. The voltage makes tbe
hair stand on end and it is much
easier to cut. High frequency is used.
If the thickness of a postage stamp
be let to represent the record of human history, then the Empire State
building would not be high enough to
represent the rest of astronomical
Dropping dry ice (solid carbon-dioxide) on clouds by means of an airplane, will cause rainfall.
Slightly wilted flowers can be revived by dropping an aspirin tablet
into the water they are in. Dead
flowers will not respond to this treat-
THIS AND THAT
(Science News Letter) ~~"
Viewing motion pictures causes less
eye strain than reading a book for a
similar length of time, says an officer of the National Society for the
Prevention of Blindness.
There are about 2,000 blends of tea.
Veneered furniture can be traced
back to ancient Egypt, when it was
made for kings.
Fish lie with their heads towards
the current, and therefore fishing upstream is apt to be most effective.
The oldest known attempt at keeping weather records in this country
was made in 1644 by a minister in
New Sweden, near the present city
of Wilmington, Delaware.
London now has an official who decides how much air should be admitted to street cars, and the windows
are locked in that position for the day.
There are 32,000,000 persons in the
United States who drive automobiles,
of which number 22,000,000 have taken
no test of driving ability.
An English professor has chosen 850
words of "basic English" which provide a vocabulary adequate for ordinary communication, to be used aj an
auxiliary world language and also for
the use of foreigners who find English
Peanut shells as a source of artificial silk are being investigated by the
U. S. Department of Agriculture.
Cotton canvas as a substitute for
stucco for the upper stories of houses
can be used if it is protected by three
coats of paint.
A rivetless ferryboat, constructed
mtirely by welding, has been completed.
♦ + +
Melbadel W. has adopted the 223
journalism class. If you don't believe
it just make a social call around 7:30
o'clock some night. We haven't decided what the attraction is—but she
brought a Flit gun to class, and exercised a healthy squirt or so around
the room so I suppose the great ambition is to be a fireman.
Morgan, James Page, Justine Shapley,
Tom Studdert, Anna Sloane, Milford
Smith, Victor Voebel, Mrs. Lavada
Harris Wood, and Lola D. Sullivan.