JUNIOR COLLEGE BEST\
PREPARATION FOR LIFE\
* * * *
OF HIGHER EDUCATION
By Bruce Manley
When I finished high school I was
thoroughly tired of staying at home.
Accordingly, a few months later I was
standing in line in front of the registrar's office at a university over 2000
miles from home.
I entered the University of Michigan positively knowing that I wanted to become a geologist. When I returned home this past summer, I Had
lost all interest In ever becoming a
geologist, did not care whether or not
I ever finished college.
The first few months I was at the
university I was completely lost. My
best efforts were usually rewarded
with low grades. At final examination all the freshmen were worried.
Accidents do happen, however, lor
some of us were allowed to stay.
From my own experiences, I believe
that by going to a junior college first,
a student should have no such difficulties when he later enters a distant college. In the first place, the
professors In a junior college take
much more interest in the students
because the classes are small. The
professors give only short lectures at
first, thus accustoming the students
to taking notes on long lectures. By
waiting a couple of years before entering a larger college, a student is
more mature and better able to judge
what he wants his life work to be.
I feel that by going to junior coIleg<
this year I have learned a number of
things that will improve the character of my work when I return to the
University of Michigan next fall.
STUDENTS AID JUDGES
IN DISTRICT DEBATING
The I n t e r s c holastic Debating
League had its district meet at Houston Junior College. The college students assisted in the judging, and en
tertained the contestants.
The faculty and students of the district schools were pleased with the
decisions made and appreciated the
interest that Junior College took in
EFFECT OF FRATERNITIES Otl THE EDUCATIONAL
PROGRESS OF THE COLLEGE STUDENT; WHY THE
JUNIOR COLLEGE SYSTEM OFFERS ADVANTAGES
PROF. MINER GIVES
LECTURES ON CHINA
Students Are Given Insight Into
Chinese Art and Culture
MR. A. L. KERBOW
(Continued from page 1)
to provide such classes, where as
many as fifteen enrollments are received in a given subject.
Class periods for the summer session of the Junior College will be
one and one half hours long, and
classes will meet five times eacn
week. One course, meeting for the
prescribed periods for the six-week
session will give three full semester
hours credit, transferable to any of
the standard colleges. A student may
enroll for two classes, or a total of
six semester hours work.
Fees for the summer session vary
with the amount of work taken by
the student. Assuming that a student
enrolls for the first time and takes
the full amount of work, all fees
would total $37.00 and would Include
the following fees, some of which
many students would not pay, because they would not be taking la-
boratory courses: Library fee, required of all students. ?2; tuition, lor
two three-hour courses, $30; matriculation fee, payable only once, $5; total, $37.
In addition to the above fees, laboratory courses carry special fees,
as follows: biology, 55; physics,
$2.50; chemistry, $3; and education,
In the case of students taking only
one course, of three hours credit,
the tuition fee is SIS. Other fees are
as listed above.
Since the Junior College is entirely self-supporting, fees from tuition
and other charges must pay for all
expenses connected with the institution. It is only through low administration costs and through having a
comparatively large enrollment that
the cost of Instruction to a student
is kept so relatively low.
Inquiries concerning the courses to
be offered this summer or other information relative to the junior college may be had by calling Preston
2642, public school administration offices, or by calling the Junior College
office, San Jacinto Senior High
School, Lehigh 4766, after 4 p.
Students of Houston Junior College
are being given an insight into
Chinese life, art, and culture
series of illustrated lectures given by
Professor Miner, who has spent the
greater part of his life in China, each
Monday evening from 7:30 to 8:30
p. m. in Room 103.
'■Chinese students never know the
worry that we have over final examinations for when in danger of failing they can go and offer prayers to
the great Chinese scholar, Confucius.
If this doesn't bring mental relief
they may have their fortunes told and
learn whether there is any need of
even taking the exams. If there isn't,
the student may pacify his parents
by buying them a good looking cof-
i," Frofessor Miner said.
An easy way to make a living in
China, Mr. Miner informs us, is to
become a Buddhist Priest. The priests
are allowed to beg, and aleo receive
an occasional handout from the monasteries. But even the priests have
their difficulties. It is customary for
them to make various vows, such
remaining silent for a life time. For
every degree a priest takes, he suffers three drops of burning incense
to be dropped on his forehead.
"The Buddhists believe that the
seat of the intellect is in the abdomen," Mr. Miller said. Hence, the
larger the abdomen, the greater the
intelligence. Such beliefs are, however fast crumbling before the attack
of western science.
"The works of art in the Chinese
temples are of a high degree. It was
in China that porcelain originated,
and much of the best porcelain still
comes from there. Wealthy Chinese
homes are artistic. In front of these
homes are beautiful rock gardens
containing flowers and pools of water. Inside the homes are statues
and carvings of graceful design.
"Back of the Chinese homes are
high walls facing the street. This
gives prlvajcy and protection, for
there is no police system. While
there are no police, stealing seldom
takes place. People in the poorer
sections of the cities even hang their
clothes out In ihe street without danger of their being stolen," Mr. Miner
By John Palmer
Many favorable things can be said
about the Junior College movement.
Probably the most potent argument
its favor Is that the Junior Col-
e does not have the varied social
activities that are to be found in the
four-year college. Junior Colleges
have their social activities, of course,
but not the organized form found in
the universities in this country.
One of these organized forms of
social activities is the college Greek
letter fraternity or sorority. It is
true that these fraternities and sororities maintain high scholastic standards for their members, and thus actually assist in building up a school's
reputation in that respect. However,
it cannot he denied by anyone who lias
lived in a university center for any
length of time that it is extremely
hard to keep up with the social activities of these specialized groups of
students. The junior, senior and graduate students in these institutions
learn how to select from these eo-
lege functions the ones they wish to
take part in. They learn how to
fuse to accept invitations. They learn
how to study when the rest of the
"house" is at the picture show, engaging in a "bull-fest" or just "oul
It takes a lot more will power than
99 per cent of the freshman students
enter college with, to say "no" when
the temptation comes their way. College is new to them, and being away
from home, they want new things, and
usually find them. The fraternity lite
of a university, it is true, does not
offer all the distractions to be found
in the school. A student 17 or 18
year old will find himself beset with
all sorts of things that will interfere with his scholarship even If he
stays at a boarding house or dormitory. The fraternity, however, offers
e in the way of social life, ana
consequently, in reality, does more
harm for the students of the freshman and sophomore years, than good.
It is true that most first-class universities do not allow their freshman
students to become members of these
organizations. Nevertheless, they are
allowed to "p'edge" some fraternity
or sorority, and in effect this amounts
to the same as membership; that is,
as far as social activities are concerned.
Parents whose sons and daughters
desire to go to college for the sole
and only purpose of "rating" some
such organiaztion will find that their
boys and girls will probably get a
college degree if they go to a junior
college for the first two years. Students who have as their only aim the
"rating" of a Greek letter organization, are usually back behind the plow
when November mid terms are over.
And students who have originally entered college with a high purpose,
but who have been drawn involuntarily Into the social swirl of college
in their second year, usually find
themselves in weekly conference with
the dean, if not in conference with
the proprietor of the corner drug store
HJ.C. HAS LARGEST
Attendance Mark Double That
of Other Junior Colleges
Last year the Houston Junior College was the largest public Junior
College In Texas, and today its enrollment almost doubles that of any
other junior college of its kind in the
One of the main features of this institution is that it is the only junior
college operated at night in Texas,
MANY COLLEGE STUDENTS, fl. J. Q. PRODUCTS MAKE] classes being held from 4 to 10 p. m.
HOLD REGULAR POSITIONS GQ()D SH0Wm AT MCE^JT*' ^^ *
While it is a well-known fact that
e majority of the students of
the Houston Junior College are earn-
. part, if not all, of their expenses
by working in the mornings, it is not
so generally known that almost one-
third of those enrolled are persons
connected with various offices and organizations in full-time positions, who
entirely support themselves and, in
some instances, their families.
Most of these students are taking,
courses primarily for the pleasure and
knowledge to be gotten and not to obtain credit. Many of them have attended other colleges and universities
and wish to get additional credits.
Some are college graduates who wish
to take up some course they did not
have in college, or to review courses
that were especially interesting to
them. Many are persons who, for
various reasons, did not attend college
and find in the Junior College an opportunity to renew their studies after
their working hours.
And, despite the fact that their or
fice work takes up so much of their
time, many of these students are abh
to carry two, three, and in one or two
instances, four, subjects, and to make
high average grades as the usual j have mace good
college student who is not working | none have failed
outside of school.
and held on only five days
system which the Houston
Indicative of the thoroughness of I Junior College was the first to adopt.
(Continued from page 1)
cates were issued to Junior Colles'
students by the State Department of
Education at the end of the first
year's work. .
The issuance of teachers' certificates upon work done in junior College makes it possible for a number
of those in Houston, who intend
teach, to stay at home while getting
their certificates, Instead of going
away to another college or university.
It is expected that a large number
of certificates will be issued this
spring and summer by the State Department of Education upon worn
completed by students of Houston
Houston Junior College work is the
fact that of the six students who went
to Rice this year from Junior College
not one has failed in a single subject.
Out of 25 grades made there were two
ones, four twos, fourteen threes, five
fours and no fives. Only one student
made as many as two fours.
Two of these students entered the
:econd year mathematics class at
Rice, their first year Junior College
math having been given full credit
by Rice authorities. This is quite
an honor for Junior College, as Rice
does not always accept math credits
from other universities or colleges in
Former Junior College students who
are now enrolled at Rice are: Louis
Atmar Barnett, Mildred Louise Bra-
man. Louis Bertrand Downing, Gladys
Hitchcock, Para Lee Ingram and Janice Marshall.
The good record being made by Junior College students at Rice Is also
being carried out at the University
of Texas. Six of last year's Junioi
College students are now attending
the University and so far all of them
rage grades and
This system is accomplished by having one hour classes in certain subjects on Monday, Wednesday and
Friday, and an hour and a half classes
other subjects on Tuesday and
Thursday, thus causing each class to
average three hours per week.
Figures issued at the end of the
■27-28 term show that the Junior
College of Houston had the largest
enrollment of any junior college of its
kind and that it was well represented
by local students.
Considering that that year was the
first regular session of the school, it
was an unusually successful year, below Is a chart of the number of students enrolled in the other public
junior colleges of the state during the
year 1927-28, and the number of students enrolled in the high schools of
^ (Continued from page 1)
Later in the year, the college was
again inspected by the representatives
of the Texas Association of Colleges
and, at the meeting of the association
the spring, the college was recognized as a class A junior college with
no reservation whatever. This action
means that the work done at the
Houston Junior College is transferable at face value to all other Texas
colleges, and that students from Houston and this section of Texas can do
two full years of standard college
work at home, which can be transfer-
ed without loss to all the colleges having membership in the Texas Association of Colleges.
At the summer school session of|
1928 there were 232 students registered. In the fall of '28, 663 students
enrolled. During this year the school
was again inspected and it was found
that there had been many improvements made which increased the
standing of the school.
The summer session of the Houston
Junior College, starting its third
year, will open on June 3, when it is
expected to have an enrollment even
larger than that of the last two summers.
PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM
Houston . 461
Gainesville . . 54
Ranger .... .43
Houston Junior College has its advantages by being a part of the Houston Public School System, in that the
instructors are doing work in the public schools, thereby cutting down the
overhead expenses that would otherwise be paid out for instructors' salaries.
Many instructors who teach at the
Junior College, are teaching in tin;
city's public schoo's. Mr. F. M. Black,
Director of Houston's High Schools,
is the Dean of the College, while N.
K. Dupre, principal of Montrose Elementary school, is assistant dean. Dr.
E. E. Oberholtzer, Superintendent of
the Houston Public Schools, Is connected with the College in the capacity of president, and Mr. H. W. South,
Ifinstructor of Spanish at Sam Houston High School, is the registrar of
the College. Mr. H. W. Harris, instructor in public speaking, and coach of
debate, also teaches at Sam Houston
High School. Mr. F. R. Birney, journalism instructor, teaches that subject at Sam Houston and San Jacinto
Senior High Schoo's.
Advantages such as these enable
the Houston Junior College to offer
a high type of Instructors in all departments.
Texarkana . .
San Antonio .
South P'irk ..
(Continued from page 1)
fact that the students of the senioi
high schools were graduating so
young; that it was unwise to sena
them away to college. Then, too, ambitious young people with limited
finances called me constantly, asking for advice on their problem of
attaining :i college education. Finally,
the number of students leaving school
forever, when only half educated, became so distressing that it was ultimately necessary to find a solution.
Thus the Houston Junior College came
into existence. I am quite proud of
its progress and have every belief
that its future Is spelled SUCCESS."
Dr. Oberholtzer, one of the most
brilliant men in the educational
world, Is to be congratulated. Houston is proud of him and although we
may brag on our Junior College president, can you biame us?