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Houstonian 1999
World News
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Students of the University of Houston. Houstonian 1999 - World News. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 21, 2014. http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/yearb/item/5219/show/5069.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Students of the University of Houston. Houstonian 1999 - World News. Houstonian Yearbook Collection. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/yearb/item/5219/show/5069

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Students of the University of Houston, Houstonian 1999 - World News, Houstonian Yearbook Collection, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 21, 2014, http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/yearb/item/5219/show/5069.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Houstonian 1999
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Students of the University of Houston
Caption The Houstonian is the official yearbook of the University of Houston.
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • University of Houston
Language English
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
Digital Collection Houstonian Yearbook Collection
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/yearb
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://info.lib.uh.edu/about/campus-libraries-collections/special-collections
Use and Reproduction This image is in the public domain and may be used freely. If publishing in print, electronically, or on a website, please use the citation button above. To request higher resolution images, please use the Request High Res button above.
File name index.cpd
Item Description
Title World News
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Students of the University of Houston
Caption The Houstonian is the official yearbook of the University of Houston.
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • University of Houston
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Use and Reproduction This image is in the public domain and may be used freely. If publishing in print, electronically, or on a website, please use the citation button above. To request higher resolution images, please use the Request High Res button above.
File name yearb1999086.jpg
Transcript U.S. Enemy No. 1 •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• Osama bin Laden was a U.S. ally against Soviet Union, but is now the government's target Trapped in the mountains of Afghanistan, Osama bin Laden could no longer travel to cities such as London as he once did. Even his satellite phone was a dangerous tool, for it could be used to pinpoint his whereabouts. A combination of soldier and zealot, Arab folk hero and international financier, bin Laden was determined to bring America to its knees. The 44-year-old was pointed out as the mastermind behind the Aug. 7 Kenya and Tanzania embassy bombings that killed 258 people, including eight Americans, and injured thousands. In retaliation for the embassy bombings, the United States fired Tomahawk cruise missiles Aug. 20 into Afghanistan and Sudan. In Afghanistan, two | alleged terrorist training camps i were hit Aug. 20, including one believed to have been operated by bin Laden. He was not harmed in the attack. Bin Laden was also thought to be responsible for the 1995 bombing in Saudi Arabia that killed five Americans, the 1993 bombing of New York's World Trade Center, and he alsodenies a role in the 1996 Khobar Towers barracks bombing which killed 19 U.S. military personnel. Wealthy Saudi businessman Muhammad bin Laden and his eldest son had disowned the bombing suspect in the late 1980s, said associates of the late Salem bin Laden. Osama, Salem's younger half-brother, was always considered the "black sheep" of the family, said San Antonio lawyer Wayne Fagan, who represented Salem from 1982 until his death in 1988. "When I heard all of this (the embassy bombing allegations), it just made me sick," Fagan told the San Antonio Express-News. "Salem, God bless him, is turning over in his grave. The family, they agonized over (Osama bin Laden) and outcast him from the family since the early '80s," Fagan said. Charles Schwartz, a Houston lawyer who represented the bin Laden estate in 1991, said the family disowned and „ disavowed Osama after he joined the Afghan struggle against Moscow occupation of that country in 1980. The Soviet Union occupied Afghanistan for 10 years before being forced out by U.S.- backed insurgents. Bin Laden gained a reputation for bravery and determination. He is estimated to have spent more than $200 million to recruit and equip thousands of Muslim fighters against the Russians. His hatred of the United States seems to stem from outrage about America's warm relations with Israel, and * fury over the 500,000 U.S. troops deployed in his homeland of Saudi Arabia in 1990 and 1991 to help drive Iraqi troops out of Kuwait. He considered that a desecration of his native soil. Afghanistan's ruling Taliban religious army, already a virtual pariah in the world because of its radical interpretation of Islam, says it doesn't share bin Laden's burning hatred of the United States. "We want very much to have very close relations with the international community," said Abdul Sattar Paktis, a top Taliban official. "We never expected this of the United States because of our very long friendship with them against the Russians." "When I heard all of this... it just made me sick/' - Wayne Fagan 1 2 8 «WORLD NEWS