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Letter from Alonso S. Perales to Watson Miller
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Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960;. Letter from Alonso S. Perales to Watson Miller - Page 1. November 24, 1947. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. December 13, 2017. http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/perales/item/42/show/40.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960;. (November 24, 1947). Letter from Alonso S. Perales to Watson Miller - Page 1. Selections from the Alonso S. Perales Papers. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/perales/item/42/show/40

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960;, Letter from Alonso S. Perales to Watson Miller - Page 1, November 24, 1947, Selections from the Alonso S. Perales Papers, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed December 13, 2017, http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/perales/item/42/show/40.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Letter from Alonso S. Perales to Watson Miller
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960
Date November 24, 1947
Description Typewritten letter, carbon copy, by Alonso S. Perales as Director General of the League of Loyal Americans, dated November 24, 1947, to Watson Miller, Commissioner of Immigration in El Paso. In light of a labor conference being held between the United States and Mexico, Perales discusses the availability of workers, but not for the wage of “twenty-five or thirty-five cents per hour due to the high cost of living.” He argues agricultural workers should be paid “a minimum of sixty cents per hour in order to subsist.”
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Mexican Americans
  • Labor policy
Subject.Topical (AAT)
  • activists
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • Perales, Alonso S., 1898-1960
Subject.Name (Local)
  • Miller, Watson
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • El Paso, Texas
Genre (AAT)
  • letters (correspondence)
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Location ID 2010-002, Box 2, Folder 7
Original Collection Alonso S. Perales Papers
Original Collection URL http://archon.lib.uh.edu/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=436
Digital Collection Selections from the Alonso S. Perales Papers
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/perales
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://info.lib.uh.edu/about/campus-libraries-collections/special-collections
Use and Reproduction Educational use only, no other permissions given. Copyright to this resource is held by the content creator, author, artist or other entity, and is provided here for educational purposes only. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without written permission of the copyright owner. Permission to publish or reprint this resource must be requested from Arte Publico Press at https://artepublicopress.com/permissions/.
File Name index.cpd
Conference In Defense of My People: Alonso S. Perales and the Development of Mexican American Public Intellectuals
Item Description
Title Page 1
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name peral_201205_022a.jpg
Transcript November £4, 1947, Honorable Watson Miller, Commissioner of Immigration, El Paso, Texas. Dear Sir: Referring to the labor conference which is being held between officials of the United States and Mexico with a view tc entering into a new contract regarding migratory workers for this country, we deem it essential to clarify certain basic points in so far as the importation of such workers in Texas us concerned. In the first place, it should be borne in mind that in Texas, for example, there are plenty of workers available, but these workers cannot work for twenty-five or thirty-five cents per hour due to the high cost of living. These workers, including the agricultural workers, should bo paid a minimum or sixty cents per hour in order to subsist. The Government of the United States and the Government of Mexico should not, under any circumstances, permit employers to import workers who will epi here to work for less money because this would compel the workers who are already here to migrate to Michigan, Colorado, Wyoming and other States of the Union in quest of more remunerative employment. This would not be fair either to the imported workers nor to the Texas citizens and inhabitants or the United States who have lived here for many years, have purchased homes, have their children in school and are permanent residents of this State. In the second place, the Government of the United States and the Government of Mexico should exact from the proper Texas authorities the assurance that at the next session of the Legislature a law will be passed forbiding the humiliation of persons of Mexican descent in commerical establishments such as restaurants, theaters, drug stores, etc., simply because of their racial lineage. The interests of both Nations require that such a law be passed in Texas without further delay. Leaders of both races are endeavoring to raise the standard of living of thousands of persons of Mexican descent in Texas and to strengthen the bonds of friendship between the people of the United States, including the people of Texas, and the people of Mexico, but it is quite evident tbat their efforts will be in vain unless a living wage is paid to persons of Mexican extraction and an end is put to the shameful humiliations to which they are -