Volume III At Sea, Enroute to Valparaiso, Chile, May 23, 1936 Number XIX
UP THE LADDER
All hands extend congratulations
to our shipmates in their successful
VALPARAISO AND THE NAVY
Although it may not be generally
realized, the port of Valparaiso, Chile,
which we are about to visit, has had
historical connections with the Navy.
During the War of 1812 against the
British, Commodore David Porter, in
command of the USS ESSEX, fearing
capture by the British vessels in the
vicinity of Cape Frio, Brazil, sailed
south. His was the first American
naval vessel to round the Horn. After
he rounded the Horn he put in to
Valparaiso to replenish his supplies.
He was courteously received by the
Chileans, who were at that time in
revolt against Spain. Leaving Valparaiso
a week later, Porter sailed north
and captured several British merchant
vessels off the coasts of Peru and Ecuador.
These he sent back to Valparaiso,
whither he himself returned in the
ESSEX in February, 1814. There he
was blockaded by the British vessels
PHEOBE and CHERUB. On March
28th Porter engaged in combat with
these vessels and was forced to surrender.
The other historical incident is more
unfortunate. In 1888 Chile was plunged
into civil war. Balmaceda, a liberal
president, who was trying to introduce
certain reform measures, was
opposed by forces which were directed
by a junta representing the Congress
of Chile. For purposes of defense
Balmaceda assumed the powers of
dictator. Although he had the Army on
his side he was finally defeated. At the
height of this internal strife the opinion
prevailed that the United States
was showing favor to the cause of Balmaceda.
This opinion arose from the
( Continued on Page Four)
ARMIRAL HEPBURN AND MEMBERS
OF STAFF LEAVE SHIP
Wednesday morning Ensign Kingsley
was detached from the ship. He
has been ordered to Renssaelar Poly-
( Continued On Page Three)
ENSIGN KINGSLEY TO BE CIVIL
Wednesday morning, shortly after
King Neptune's Royal Court convened,
Admiral Hepburn and various
members of his staff were transferred
in one of the ship's boats at sea. The
Indianapolis will carry the Admiral
and his party to Washington, D. C.
where he will confer with the Chief
of Naval Oper:: ltions and the Navy
Department Officials prior to taking
over his duties as Commander- inChief,
U. S. Fleet.
Officers leaving the HOUSTON with
the Admiral were: Capt. A. C. Pickens,
Capt. H. M. Bemis, Capt. Morsell ( SC);
Commander J. H Buchanan, Lt. Comdr.
Hopwood; Lt. Comdr. J. R Redman
and Ensign Presler. All these officers
will transfer to CinCUS' staff with
the exceptions of Capt Bemis who is
to go to Tokio as Naval Attache;
Captain Morsell who has been ordered
to the Puget Sound Navy Yard and
Lt. Comdr. Hopwood who is going
to OPNav for duty. Ensign Presler
is going on 21 days leave.
r- Th: HOUSTONt;: k: th:-~;;: l
I tunity to welcome Commander I
i Scouting Force and his staff- I
• aboard, and express the hope that
' their cruise with us this year Will,
' be as pleasant as the one a year
j ago this Spring. ,
Machado, M. C., Jr.
Kinhartz, W. A.
Meyers, F. R
Gilliam, L. a.
Jones, A. L.
Coates, I. R.
C; ochrane, D. F.
Slovak, A. Jr.
Carter, H. N.
Gamanche, A. G. J.
Smith, H. N.
Hyndman, D. S.
Schaffer, M. J.
McFarland, T. C.
Felts, T. E.
Simard, D. L.
Slovak, P. R.
Jamison, H. K.
Sackett, A. L.
Jones, B. S.
Kjolhede, G. M.
Griffin, L. O.
Barham, W. W.
Fritts, A. G.
Ballinger, P. W.
Ropp, W. L.
McDonald, J. P.
Swanson, L. G.
Johnson, C. T.
( Continued on Page Four)